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  1. Conceptualising dog owner motivations: The Pet Care Competency model and role of 'duty of care'

    Contributor(s):: Glanville, C. R., Hemsworth, P. H., Coleman, G. J.

  2. A conceptual model of the human-animal relationships dynamics during newborn handling on cow-calf operation farms

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Costa, F. de O., Valente, T. S., Toledo, L. M. de, Ambrosio, L. A., Campo, M. del, Costa, M. J. R. P. da

  3. A comparison of inferential analysis methods for multilevel studies: Implications for drawing conclusions in animal welfare science

    | Contributor(s):: Stevens, Kara N., Asher, Lucy, Griffin, Kym, Friel, Mary, O'Connell, Niamh, Collins, Lisa M.

    Investigations comparing the behaviour and welfare of animals in different environments have led to mixed and often conflicting results. These could arise from genuine differences in welfare, poor validity of indicators, low statistical power, publication bias, or inappropriate statistical...

  4. Influences on the avoidance and approach behaviour of dairy goats towards an unfamiliar human - an on-farm study

    | Contributor(s):: Mersmann, D., Schmied-Wagner, C., Nordmann, E., Graml, C., Waiblinger, S.

    The human-animal relationship (HAR) is an important factor for successful animal husbandry and animal welfare. Thus, the HAR is included in on-farm assessments to evaluate overall welfare. For dairy goats, validated tests to assess the HAR are lacking. The aim of the present study was to evaluate...

  5. Animals Used in Research and Education, 1966-2016: Evolving Attitudes, Policies, and Relationships

    | Contributor(s):: Lairmore, M. D., Ilkiw, J.

  6. On-farm evaluation of the Salmon Welfare Index Model (SWIM 1.0): theoretical and practical considerations

    | Contributor(s):: Folkedal, O., Pettersen, J. M., Bracke, M., Stien, L. H., Nilsson, J., Martins, C., Breck, O., Midtlyng, P. J., Kristiansen, T.

    The present study investigated the operational feasibility of the recently developed Salmon Welfare Index Model (SWIM 1.0) designed for Atlantic salmon ( Salmo salar L) in production cages. Ten salmon farms containing spring smolts were visited twice, first between May and June the first year in...

  7. Evaluation of a novel rodenticide: acute sub-lethal effects of a methaemoglobin-inducing agent

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Quy, R. J., Gibson, T. J., Lambert, M. S., Eason, C. T., Gregory, N. G.

    In a series of experiments the welfare of para-aminovalerophenone (PAVP) sub-lethally poisoned rats ( Rattus norvegicus) was assessed. The experiments: (i) examined the acute methaemoglobin (MetHb) profile over time; (ii) refined the LD50 estimate for PAVP in adult female rats; (iii) developed...

  8. Evaluation of a novel rodenticide: welfare assessment of fatal methaemoglobinaemia in adult rats (Rattus norvegicus)

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Gibson, T. J., Quy, R. J., Eason, C. T., Gregory, N. G.

    This study assessed the welfare of rats ( Rattus norvegicus) poisoned with a lethal dose of the methaemoglobin (MetHb) inducing compound para-aminovalerophenone (PAVP). Twenty rats were orally gavaged with either PAVP (treated) or the vehicle only (control). Spontaneous and evoked behaviours...

  9. Stereotypic mice are aggressed by their cage-mates, and tend to be poor demonstrators in social learning tasks

    | Contributor(s):: Harper, L., Choleris, E., Ervin, K., Fureix, C., Reynolds, K., Walker, M., Mason, G.

    Stereotypic behaviours (SBs) are linked with behavioural inflexibility and resemble symptoms of autism, suggesting that stereotypic animals could have autistic-like social impairments. SBs are also common in caged mice. We therefore hypothesised relationships between stereotypic and social...

  10. An observational study of the effects of therapeutic hoof blocks on the locomotion, behavior, and production of healthy dairy cattle

    | Contributor(s):: Cutler, J. H., Shearer, J. K., Kelton, D. F., Cramer, G., Gorden, P. J., Millman, S. T.

    Therapeutic hoof blocks have been recommended for treatment of sole ulcers in dairy cattle; however, they are underutilized in the industry. Twenty Holstein cows were randomly assigned to receive a wooden hoof block applied to the left hind leg ( n=5), to the right hind leg ( n=5), or no hoof...

  11. Factors affecting penetrating captive bolt gun performance

    | Contributor(s):: Gibson, T. J., Mason, C. W., Spence, J. Y., Barker, H., Gregory, N. G.

    Captive bolt stunning is used for rendering livestock insensible at slaughter. The mechanical factors relating to performance of 6 penetrating captive bolt gun (CBG) models were examined. The Matador Super Securit 3000 and the .25 Cash Euro Stunner had the highest kinetic energy values (443 J and...

  12. The effects of social interaction and environmental enrichment on the space use, behaviour and stress of owned housecats facing a novel environment

    | Contributor(s):: Rehnberg, L. K., Robert, K. A., Watson, S. J., Peters, R. A.

    Every day, millions of domestic cats are held temporarily in captive environments, such as boarding catteries and rescue shelters. Being in confinement can potentially invoke high levels of stress for these animals. Therefore, there is a need to develop appropriate strategies to reduce these...

  13. Age, breed designation, coat color, and coat pattern influenced the length of stay of cats at a no-kill shelter

    | Contributor(s):: Brown, W. P., Morgan, K. T.

    Adoption records from the Tompkins County Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, an open-admission, no-kill shelter in New York State, were examined to determine if various physical attributes influenced the length of stay (LOS) of cats and kittens. Similar reports from other no-kill...

  14. Application of the Welfare Quality animal welfare assessment system in Finnish pig production, Part II: Associations between animal-based and environmental measures of welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Munsterhjelm, C., Heinonen, M., Valros, A.

    This study aimed to establish associations between the environment and animal-based measures of welfare collected on 158 Finnish farms according to the Welfare Quality systems for pigs. The data consisted of 95 welfare assessments in fattening pigs and 103 in sows, including suckling piglets....

  15. Are we ignoring neutral and negative human-animal relationships in zoos?

    | Contributor(s):: Hosey, G., Melfi, V.

    Human-animal interactions (HAI), which may lead to human-animal relationships (HAR), may be positive, neutral, or negative in nature. Zoo studies show that visitors may be stressful, may have no effect, or may be enriching. There is also evidence that good HARs set up between animals and their...

  16. Comparison of the behaviour of piglets raised in an artificial rearing system or reared by the sow

    | Contributor(s):: Rzezniczek, M., Gygax, L., Wechsler, B., Weber, R.

    Over the last 15 years, rising sow fertility has led to a considerable increase in litter size. As a consequence, the number of live born piglets may outnumber the number of functional teats, and surplus piglets are removed from the sow at the age of 3-6 days and fed with artificial milk. The...

  17. Effects of sounds of different quality on the behaviour and heart beat parameters of goats

    | Contributor(s):: Johns, J., Patt, A., Hillmann, E.

    In alpine regions, bells are used to relocate free-ranging grazers like cows and goats. Considering that goats have a well-developed hearing capacity, sounds (e.g. a chime of a bell) may act as stressors depending on their characteristics. The aim of this study was to test whether a non-uniform...

  18. Refinement of welfare through development of a quantitative system for assessment of lifetime experience

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Wolfensohn, S., Sharpe, S., Hall, I., Lawrence, S., Kitchen, S., Dennis, M.

    This paper proposes a system that uses intrinsic study data to provide a clear visualisation of the stresses involved during the animal's life history that can be applied to all types of studies, even those not requiring invasive techniques. Thus, it provides an opportunity for researchers...

  19. May 21 2015

    Center for Animal Welfare Sciences Spring Symposium

    This one-day symposium celebrates the establishment of the new Center for Animal Welfare Sciences, which is jointly funded by the Colleges of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine as well as the...

    https://habricentral.org/events/details/293

  20. The power of automated behavioural homecage technologies in characterizing disease progression in laboratory mice: a review

    | Contributor(s):: Richardson, C. A.

    Behavioural changes that occur as animals become sick have been characterized in a number of species and include the less frequent occurrence of 'luxury behaviours' such as playing, grooming and socialization. 'Sickness behaviours' or behavioural changes following exposure to infectious agents,...