A welfare assessment scoring system for working equids - a method for identifying at risk populations and for monitoring progress of welfare enhancement strategies (trialed in Egypt)
Contributor(s):: Ali, A. B. A., El-Sayed, M. A., Matoock, M. Y., Fouad, M. A., Heleski, C. R.
There are an estimated 112 million horses, donkeys and mules (i.e., working equids) in developing regions of the world. Though their roles are often fundamental to the well-being of the families they work for, their welfare is often severely compromised due to the limited resources and/or limited...
Evaluation of a novel rodenticide: acute sub-lethal effects of a methaemoglobin-inducing agent
Contributor(s):: Quy, R. J., Gibson, T. J., Lambert, M. S., Eason, C. T., Gregory, N. G.
In a series of experiments the welfare of para-aminovalerophenone (PAVP) sub-lethally poisoned rats ( Rattus norvegicus) was assessed. The experiments: (i) examined the acute methaemoglobin (MetHb) profile over time; (ii) refined the LD50 estimate for PAVP in adult female rats; (iii) developed...
Effects of catching and transportation versus pre-slaughter handling at the abattoir on the prevalence of wing fractures in broilers
Contributor(s):: Kittelsen, K. E., Granquist, E. G., Vasdal, G., Tolo, E., Moe, R. O.
Fractures occurring in conscious broiler chickens are painful and severely compromise animal welfare. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of pre-slaughter handling procedures on the frequency of wing fractures. Wings were examined for fractures in 11,609 broilers, from 12...
Slow and steady wins the race? No signs of reduced welfare in smaller broiler breeder hens at four weeks of age
Contributor(s):: Lindholm, C., Calais, A., Jonsson, J., Yngwe, N., Berndtson, E., Hult, E., Altimiras, J.
Broiler breeder chickens are commonly reared under strict feed-restriction regimes to reduce obesity-induced health and fertility problems during adult life, and are assumed to experience a reduced welfare due to the resulting hunger. In these conditions, feed competition could influence the...
Killing of spent laying hens using CO 2 in poultry barns
Contributor(s):: Berg, C., Yngvesson, J., Nimmermark, S., Sandstrom, V., Algers, B.
In Sweden, laying hens are killed using the following methods: (i) traditional slaughter; (ii) on-farm with CO 2 in a mobile container combined with a grinder; or (iii) with CO 2 inside the barn. The number of hens killed using the latter method has increased. During these killings a veterinarian...
A case study of orangutan and siamang behavior within a mixed-species zoo exhibit
Contributor(s):: Pearson, E. L., Davis, J. M., Litchfield, C. A.
This empirical case study assessed the behavior and welfare of 2 orangutans (Pongo abelii) and 2 siamangs (Symphalangus syndactylus) within a mixed-species zoo exhibit. The study used instantaneous scan-sampling to record behavior, location, and interspecies proximity over 174 hr and...
Use of accelerometers to measure stress levels in shelter dogs
Contributor(s):: Jones, S., Dowling-Guyer, S., Patronek, G. J., Marder, A. R., D'Arpino, S. S., McCobb, E.
Stress can compromise welfare in any confined group of nonhuman animals, including those in shelters. However, an objective and practical method for assessing the stress levels of individual dogs housed in a shelter does not exist. Such a method would be useful for monitoring animal welfare and...
Welfare monitoring schemes: using research to safeguard welfare of animals on the farm
Contributor(s):: Barnett, J. L., Hemsworth, P. H.
There are a number of nonhuman animal welfare monitoring schemes for animals on the farm in Australia and in other countries. Although the majority of such schemes are voluntary rather than legislated, some are nevertheless enforced through a number of customer requirements that industries must...
Assessment of stun quality at commercial slaughter in cattle shot with captive bolt
Contributor(s):: Atkinson, S., Velarde, A., Algers, B.
Assessment time of the Welfare Quality protocol for dairy cattle
Contributor(s):: Vries, M. de, Engel, B., Uijl, I. den, Schaik, G. van, Dijkstra, T., Boer, I. de, Bokkers, E. A. M.
Dermatitis prompted by a collar employed in radio-telemetry monitoring
Contributor(s):: Ferreira, G. A., Pinto, M. L., Nakano-Oliveira, E., Genaro, G.
Effect of housing and husbandry practices on adrenocortical activity in captive Canada lynx ( Lynx canadensis)
Contributor(s):: Fanson, K. V., Wielebnowski, N. C.
Influence of environmental conditions and facility on faecal glucocorticoid concentrations in captive pygmy rabbits ( Brachylagus idahoensis)
Contributor(s):: Scarlata, C. D., Elias, B. A., Godwin, J. R., Powell, R. A., Shepherdson, D., Shipley, L. A., Brown, J. L.
Measuring faecal glucocorticoid metabolites as a non-invasive tool for monitoring adrenocortical activity in South American camelids
Contributor(s):: Arias, N., Requena, M., Palme, R.
Evaluation of routinely collected veterinary and human health data for surveillance of human tick-borne diseases in North Carolina
Contributor(s):: Rhea, S. K., Glickman, S. W., Waller, A., Ising, A., Maillard, J. M., Lund, E. M., Glickman, L. T.
Population monitoring in support of a rabies vaccination program for skunks in Arizona
Contributor(s):: Richard M. Engeman, Kevin L. Christensen, Michael J. Pipas, David L. Bergman
Three population monitoring methods were evaluated in support of a trap/vaccinate/release program for controlling a bat variant of rabies virus in skunks (Mephitis mephitis) in Flagstaff, Arizona (USA). Skunks were the primary species targeted for population monitoring during the program, but...
Animal welfare considerations in primate rehabilitation: an assessment of three vervet monkey (Chlorocebus aethiops) releases in Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa
Contributor(s):: Guy, A. J., Stone, O. M. L., Curnoe, D.
Assessing pig welfare at stunning in Swedish commercial abattoirs using CO<sub>2</sub> group-stun methods
Contributor(s):: Atkinson, S., Velarde, A., Llonch, P., Algers, B.
Automated monitoring of behavioural-based animal welfare indicators
Contributor(s):: Rushen, J., Chapinal, N., Passille, A. M. de
Designing animal welfare policies and monitoring progress
Contributor(s):: Keeling, L. J., Immink, V., Hubbard, C., Garrod, G., Edwards, S. A., Ingenbleek, P.