Animals, Agency and Resistance
Contributor(s):: Carter, Bob, Charles, Nickie
Approval versus disapproval of dogfighting and cockfighting among college students
Contributor(s):: Molina, Melody, Arikawa, Hiroko, Templer, Donald I.
Behavioral abnormalities in captive nonhuman primates
Contributor(s):: Avanti, Mallapur, Choudhury, B. C.
In this study, we dealt with 11 species of non-human primates across 10 zoos in India. We recorded behaviour as instantaneous scans between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m. In the study, we segregated behaviours for analyses into abnormal, undesirable, active, and resting. The 4 types of abnormal behaviour...
Combination therapy reduces self-injurious behavior in a chimpanzee ( Pan troglodytes troglodytes ): a case report
Contributor(s):: Bourgeois, S. R., Vazquez, M., Brasky, K.
Self-injurious behavior (SIB) remains a severe and intractable abnormal behavior for nonhuman primates in diverse settings and is a significant concern for veterinarians and behavioral scientists. To date, no single pharmacological, behavioral, social, or environmental intervention method has...
Comparison of remote versus in-person behavioral consultation for treatment of canine separation anxiety
Contributor(s):: Cottam, N., Dodman, N. H., Moon-Fanelli, A. A., Patronek, G. J.
To investigate the validity of remote consultation for treatment of canine separation anxiety, this study compared the efficacy of 2 types of behavioral services offered by Tufts Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine (TCSVM): (a) "PetFax," a remote consultation service in which dog caregivers...
Distressed animal behaviors and some recommendations for improvements at the Kuala Lumpur Zoo, Malaysia
Contributor(s):: Amber, Haque
The artificial living conditions of captive animals present numerous challenges for animal caretakers. In this study I explored abnormal behaviors in certain caged animals at the Kuala Lumpur Zoo. Findings obtained from observations of animals and interviews of the zoo staff are followed by...
Frustrated appetitive foraging behavior, stereotypic pacing, and fecal glucocorticoid levels in snow leopards ( Uncia uncia ) in the Zurich Zoo
Contributor(s):: Burgener, N., Gusset, M., Schmid, H.
This study hypothesized that permanently frustrated, appetitive-foraging behavior caused the stereotypic pacing regularly observed in captive carnivores. Using 2 adult female snow leopards (U), solitarily housed in the Zurich Zoo, the study tested this hypothesis experimentally with a novel...
Long-term outcome after treatment of feline inappropriate elimination
Contributor(s):: Marder, A. R., Engel, J. M.
Urination and defaecation outside the litter box is one of the most common behaviour problems reported by cat caretakers and the most common behavioural reason that results in the relinquishment of cats to shelters. A physical examination, laboratory tests, and a thorough behavioural history are...
Pair housing for female longtailed and rhesus macaques in the laboratory: behavior in protected contact versus full contact
Contributor(s):: Baker, K. C., Crockett, C. M., Lee, G. H., Oettinger, B. C., Schoof, V., Thom, J. P.
Pair housing for caged macaques in the laboratory generally allows unrestricted tactile contact but, less commonly, may involve limited contact via grooming-contact bars or perforated panels. The purpose of using this protected contact housing, which prevents entry into pair-mates' cages,...
Pet owners' views of pet behavior problems and willingness to consult experts for assistance
Contributor(s):: Shore, E. R., Burdsal, C., Douglas, D. K.
Prior research has found that dog obedience training and the receipt of advice regarding companion animal (pet) behavior reduce the risk of nonhuman animal relinquishment to an animal shelter and increase human-companion animal interactions, but research also finds that only a minority of pet...
Positive reinforcement training moderates only high levels of abnormal behavior in singly housed rhesus macaques
Contributor(s):: Baker, K. C., Bloomsmith, M., Neu, K., Griffis, C., Maloney, M., Oettinger, B., Schoof, V. A. M., Martinez, M.
This study evaluated the application of positive reinforcement training (PRT) as an intervention for abnormal behaviors in singly housed laboratory rhesus macaques at 2 large primate facilities. Training involved basic control behaviors and body-part presentation. The study compared baseline...
Self-biting in caged macaques: cause, effect, and treatment
Contributor(s):: Reinhardt, V., Rossell, M.
Injurious self-biting is one of the most serious problems in primate colonies (Niemeyer, Gray, & Stephen, 1996). "Approximately 10% of captive, individually-housed monkeys engage in the disturbing phenomenon of self-injurious behavior (SIB). To date, no adequate explanation or effective therapy...
The effect of environmental manipulation on behavior, salivary cortisol, and growth of piglets weaned at 14 days of age
Contributor(s):: Rodarte, L. F., Ducoing, A., Galindo, F., Romano, M. C., Valdez, R. A.
Environmental enrichment can be a useful tool to reduce belly nosing behaviors in early weaned piglets. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of environmental enrichment on behavior, salivary cortisol, and productivity of piglets weaned at 14 days of age. The study assigned 112 piglets...
Childhood and Adolescent Animal Cruelty Methods and Their Possible Link to Adult Violent Crimes
Contributor(s):: Hensley, Christopher, Tallichet, Suzanne E.
Emotional stress release - a therapy option for atopy in dogs
Contributor(s):: Luder, A.
The emotional stress release is a creative and effective treatment option. Here in particular the interaction between man and animal will be identified to detect and to discuss possible projections of the keeper on the animal. The ESR is a methodology that is used for animals with recurrent...
Psychopathology in great apes: concepts, treatment options and possible homologies to human psychiatric disorders
Contributor(s):: Brune, M., Brune-Cohrs, U., McGrew, W. C., Preuschoft, S.
A case control study of on-farm risk factors for tail biting in pigs
Contributor(s):: Moinard, C., Mendl, M., Nicol, C. J., Green, L. E.
A study of cortisol and beta-endorphin levels in stereotypic and normal Thoroughbreds
Contributor(s):: Pell, S. M., McGreevy, P. D.
Plasma and salivary cortisol levels were measured in stereotypic (n=46) and normal horses (n=46). No significant differences were found between the 2 groups of horses. The correlation between plasma and salivary cortisol concentrations of individual horses (n=66) was also examined. A significant...
A survey of dog ownership in suburban Australia - conditions and behaviour problems
Contributor(s):: Kobelt, A. J., Hemsworth, P. H., Barnett, J. L., Coleman, G. J.
There has been an increasing emphasis in Australia on confining dogs to owner's properties (household backyards) as a solution to problems of dog aggression. Therefore, there is a need to determine the social and physical conditions that make up the dog's backyard environment and how these...
All a mother's fault? Transmission of stereotypy in striped mice Rhabdomys
Contributor(s):: Jones, M., Lierop, M. van, Pillay, N.
Environmentally induced stereotypy is the most common abnormal behaviour in captive animals. However, not all animals housed in identically impoverished environments develop stereotypy, possibly because of differences in genetic predisposition. To investigate the transmission of stereotypy in...