Social housing of surplus males of Javan langurs (Trachypithecus auratus): Compatibility of intact and castrated males in different social settings
Contributor(s):: Dröscher, Iris, Waitt, Corri D.
Javan langurs (Trachypithecus auratus) naturally form social groups containing typically only one adult male. However, this social system is problematic with regard to captive management, as it can lead to the production of surplus males. The study assessed if castration is a feasible strategy to...
Happiness is positive welfare in brown capuchins (Sapajus apella)
Contributor(s):: Robinson, Lauren M., Waran, Natalie K., Leach, Matthew C., Morton, F. Blake, Paukner, Annika, Lonsdorf, Elizabeth, Handel, Ian, Wilson, Vanessa A. D., Brosnan, Sarah F., Weiss, Alexander
Questionnaires that allow people who are familiar with individual animals to rate the welfare of these animals are an underutilised tool. We designed a 12-item welfare questionnaire and tested its reliability and associations with subjective well-being (SWB), locomotor stereotypy, and personality...
Rabies in Nonhuman Primates and Potential for Transmission to Humans: A Literature Review and Examination of Selected French National Data
| Contributor(s):: Philippe Gautret, Jesse Blanton, Laurent Dacheux, Florence Ribadeau-Dumas, Philippe Brouqui, Philippe Parola, Douglas H. Esposito, Hervé Bourhy
Background: The nonhuman primate (NHP)-related injuries in rabies-enzootic countries is a public health problem of increasing importance. The aims of this work are to collect data concerning rabies transmission from NHPs to humans; to collate medical practices regarding rabies postexposure...
Influência da visitação no comportamento de macacos-prego (Cebus apella) em zoológicos
| Contributor(s):: Glaucia Cristiana Wunderlich Farias
O bem-estar dos animais mantidos em zoológicos pode ser afetado por aspectos de ordem estrutural, ambiental e pelos tipos de relações que os mesmos desenvolvem com os visitantes. Os macacos-prego (Cebus apella) encontram-se, atualmente, em número significativo em...
Keeper-animal interactions: differences between the behaviour of zoo animals affect stockmanship
| Contributor(s):: Ward, S. J., Melfi, V.
Stockmanship is a term used to describe the management of animals with a good stockperson someone who does this in a in a safe, effective, and low-stress manner for both the stock-keeper and animals involved. Although impacts of unfamiliar zoo visitors on animal behaviour have been extensively...
Training success in group-housed long-tailed macaques ( Macaca fascicularis) is better explained by personality than by social rank
| Contributor(s):: Wergard, E. M., Westlund, K., Spangberg, M., Fredlund, H., Forkman, B.
Using training to prepare laboratory animals for biomedical research is one important behavior management task. With increased knowledge about factors influencing training success, training programs may be optimized, resulting in a refinement of primate husbandry. Even when animals are trained...
Coping strategies in captive capuchin monkeys ( Sapajus spp.)
| Contributor(s):: Ferreira, R. G., Mendl, M., Wagner, P. G. C., Araujo, T., Nunes, D., Mafra, A. L.
Studies on diverse species indicate the existence of individual differences in stress coping strategies labelled as 'proactive' and 'reactive'. Identifying taxonomic distribution of such coping strategies is fundamental to evolutionary models and to management of captive animals. Capuchin monkeys...
The long-term impact of infant rearing background on the affective state of adult common marmosets ( Callithrix jacchus)
| Contributor(s):: Ash, H., Buchanan-Smith, H. M.
Early life environment, including temporary family separation, can have a major influence on affective state. Using a battery of tests, the current study compared the performance of adult common marmosets ( Callithrix jacchus), reared as infants under 3 different conditions: family-reared twins,...
Evaluation of environmental and intrinsic factors that contribute to stereotypic behavior in captive rhesus macaques ( Macaca mulatta)
| Contributor(s):: Gottlieb, D. H., Maier, A., Coleman, K.
Full body repetitive behaviors, known as motor stereotypic behaviors (MSBs), are one of the most commonly seen abnormal behaviors in captive non-human primates, and are frequently used as a behavioral measure of well-being. The main goal of this paper was to examine the role of environmental...
Chinese visitors' experiences of nature and wild macaques: inspiration and personal growth for living in Hong Kong
| Contributor(s):: Lee, WingNaam, Davey, G.
Country parks offer urban residents the opportunity to experience wildlife, engage in environmental education, and socially bond with family and friends, but little is known about these experiences in China. Twenty-five interviews were conducted in 2012 to investigate the meanings Hong Kong...
The effect of a feeding schedule change and the provision of forage material on hair eating in a group of captive baboons ( Papio hamadryas sp.)
| Contributor(s):: Nevill, C. H., Lutz, C. K.
Hair eating in nonhuman primates is thought to result from a frustrated appetitive drive produced by an inappropriate diet. To investigate whether hair eating could be reduced through changes in diet, a 2-part study was conducted with a group of baboons ( Papio hamadryas sp.). The 1st part...
Effects of visual contact with zoo visitors on black-capped capuchin welfare
| Contributor(s):: Sherwen, S. L., Harvey, T. J., Magrath, M. J. L., Butler, K. L., Fanson, K. V., Hemsworth, P. H.
Previous research has suggested that the presence of zoo visitors may be stressful for various primate species, and visual contact with visitors may be the sensory stimuli that mediate visitor effects. We studied a group of black-capped capuchins, Cebus apella, in a controlled experiment,...
Refinement of welfare through development of a quantitative system for assessment of lifetime experience
| Contributor(s):: Wolfensohn, S., Sharpe, S., Hall, I., Lawrence, S., Kitchen, S., Dennis, M.
This paper proposes a system that uses intrinsic study data to provide a clear visualisation of the stresses involved during the animal's life history that can be applied to all types of studies, even those not requiring invasive techniques. Thus, it provides an opportunity for researchers to...
Baboons of the Amboseli basin: demographic stability and change
| Contributor(s):: Samuels, A.
Dramatic consequences of food handouts to Macaca thibetana at Mount Emei, China
| Contributor(s):: Zhao, Qi-Kun
Naturalcultural encounters in Bali: monkeys, temples, tourists, and ethnoprimatology
| Contributor(s):: Fuentes, Augustín
Social housing of non-human primates in a research facility: socialisation across macaque species and sexes
| Contributor(s):: Rehrig, A., DiVincenti, L., Jr., Schery, L. A.
Refinement of social housing practices is paramount to improving animal welfare in laboratory environments, especially with regard to non-human primates. Even though social housing of the same species should be considered the optimal paradigm, cynomolgus ( Macaca fascicularis) and rhesus macaques...
A case study employing operant conditioning to reduce stress of capture for red-bellied tamarins ( Saguinus labiatus )
| Contributor(s):: Owen, Y., Amory, J. R.
Traditional techniques used to capture New World monkeys, such as net capture, can induce high levels of acute stress detrimental to welfare. Alternatively, training nonhuman animals via operant conditioning to voluntarily participate in husbandry and/or veterinary practices is accepted as a...
A comparison of positive reinforcement training techniques in owl and squirrel monkeys: time required to train to reliability
| Contributor(s):: Rogge, J., Sherenco, K., Malling, R., Thiele, E., Lambeth, S., Schapiro, S., Williams, L.
Positive reinforcement training (PRT) techniques enhance the psychological well being of nonhuman primates by increasing the animal's control over his or her environment and desensitizing the animal to stressful stimuli. However, the literature on PRT in neotropical primates is limited. Here PRT...
A two-choice preference assessment with five cotton-top tamarins ( Saguinus oedipus )
| Contributor(s):: Fernandez, E. J., Dorey, N. R., Rosales-Ruiz, J.
A study selected 5 cotton-top tamarins (Saguinus oedipus) located at the Frank Buck Zoo in Gainesville, Texas, for a food preference assessment. The study used a paired-choice procedure across 7 different food items for all 5 tamarins. Preferences for the food items across all the tamarins...