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  1. The long-term impact of infant rearing background on the affective state of adult common marmosets ( Callithrix jacchus)

    Contributor(s):: Ash, H., Buchanan-Smith, H. M.

    Early life environment, including temporary family separation, can have a major influence on affective state. Using a battery of tests, the current study compared the performance of adult common marmosets ( Callithrix jacchus), reared as infants under 3 different conditions: family-reared twins,...

  2. Mate choice, maternal investment and implications for ostrich welfare in a farming environment

    Contributor(s):: Bonato, M., Cherry, M. I., Cloete, S. W. P.

    At present, the ostrich industry is inefficient, on account of being characterised by inadequate egg production, high embryo mortality, poor chick survival and suboptimal growth rates. However, as ostrich farming commenced only in the mid 19th century in South Africa, farmed ostriches have had a...

  3. Achieving optimum performance in a loose-housed farrowing system for sows: the effects of space and temperature

    Contributor(s):: Baxter, E. M., Adeleye, O. O., Jack, M. C., Farish, M., Ison, S. H., Edwards, S. A.

    Piglet survival relies on interactive influences of the sow, her piglets and their environment. There are a number of design challenges in a loose-housed farrowing and lactation system to optimise this dynamic, including achieving farrowing in the desired location (i.e. a protected nest area) and...

  4. Early transfer of mated females into the maternity unit reduces stress and increases maternal care in farm mink

    Contributor(s):: Malmkvist, J., Palme, R.

    Mated mammals on farms are typically transferred to another housing environment prior to delivery. We investigated whether the timing of this transfer - EARLY (Day -36), INTERMEDIATE (Day -18), or LATE (Day -3) relative to the expected day of birth (Day 0) - affects maternal stress, maternal care...

  5. The effect of overgrown claws on behaviour and claw abnormalities of sows in farrowing crates

    Contributor(s):: Diaz, J. A. C., Stienezen, I. M. J., Leonard, F. C., Boyle, L. A.

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of overgrowth of the weight bearing claws on the behaviour of sows in farrowing crates. The study used 24 multiparous lactating sows, 13 with overgrown (OG) rear claws and 11 controls. Sows were video recorded continuously from approximately...

  6. Animal welfare beyond the cage ... and beyond the evidence?

    Contributor(s):: Blanchard, R. J.

    In "Laboratory Rodent Welfare: Thinking Outside the Cage," Balcombe (2010/this issue) suggests that laboratory cage housing is damaging to rats and mice because it does not meet their evolved needs and may damage their psychological and physical health. The article also indicates that larger and...

  7. Insurance for household animals and its application to enlightening of preventive veterinary medicine - how insurance can support the human-animal bond?

    Contributor(s):: Kawarai, A.

    Anicom has acquired the license of operating "Animal health insurance" from the Financial Services Agency and has now been issued the insurance policies to more than 430 thousands animals (89% dogs, 10% cats, and 1% birds/rabbits/ferrets) as at December, 2012. When animals are registered to...

  8. The effect of early separation from the mother on pups in bonding to humans and pup health

    Contributor(s):: Slabbert, J. M., Rasa, O. A. E.

    The separation of young dogs from their dams (n = 20) one litter from each bitch (n=55) at the age of 6 weeks had a negative effect on the physical condition and weight gain of separated pups compared with that of pups with maternal contact till 12 (n=40) weeks. Disease susceptibility and...

  9. Pet's presence and owner's blood pressures during the daily lives of pet owners with pre- to mild hypertension

    Contributor(s):: Friedmann, E., Thomas, S. A., Son, H. S., Chapa, D., McCune, S.

  10. Providing 'get-away bunks' and other enrichments to primiparous adult female mink improves their reproductive productivity

    Contributor(s):: Buob, M., Meagher, R., Dawson, L., Palme, R., Haley, D., Mason, G.

  11. Providing elevated 'getaway bunks' to nursing mink dams improves their health and welfare

    Contributor(s):: Dawson, L., Buob, M., Haley, D., Miller, S., Stryker, J., Quinton, M., Mason, G.

  12. The welfare of laying hens in conventional cages and alternative systems: first steps towards a quantitative comparison

    Contributor(s):: Freire, R., Cowling, A.

  13. Tourism and infant-directed aggression in Tibetan macaques ( Macaca thibetana) at Mt. Huangshan, China

    Contributor(s):: Self, S., Sheeran, L. K., Matheson, M. D., Li, JinHua, Pelton, O., Harding, S., Wagner, R. S.

  14. Animal grief: how animals mourn

    Contributor(s):: Alderton, David

  15. Brown treesnakes: a potential invasive species for the United States

    Contributor(s):: Kahl, S. S., Henke, S. E., Hall, M. A., Britton, D. K.

  16. Efficacy of aerial broadcast baiting in reducing brown treesnake numbers

    Contributor(s):: Clark, L., Savarie, P. J.

  17. Factors influencing survival of desert mule deer in the greater San Andres Mountains, New Mexico

    Contributor(s):: Bender, L. C., Hoenes, B. D., Rodden, C. L.

  18. Modification of net configurations of the Coda Netlaunchei registered to enhance bird capture

    Contributor(s):: Prisock, A. M., Dorr, B. S., Cumbee, J. C.

  19. The role, size, and effectiveness of safety zones for creating refuges for white-tailed deer

    Contributor(s):: Bowman, J. L.

  20. Attitudes toward Animals: The Effect of Priming Thoughts of Human-Animal Similarities and Mortality Salience on the Evaluation of Companion Animals

    Contributor(s):: Beatson, R., Loughnan, S., Halloran, M.