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  1. Animal welfare beyond the cage ... and beyond the evidence?

    Contributor(s):: Blanchard, R. J.

    In "Laboratory Rodent Welfare: Thinking Outside the Cage," Balcombe (2010/this issue) suggests that laboratory cage housing is damaging to rats and mice because it does not meet their evolved needs and may damage their psychological and physical health. The article also indicates that larger and...

  2. Livestock vehicle accidents in Spain: causes, consequences, and effects on animal welfare

    Contributor(s):: Miranda-de la Lama, G. C., Sepulveda, W. S., Villarroel, M., Maria, G. A.

    Livestock vehicle accidents are rare but involve significant economic, human, and nonhuman farm animal losses. This study obtained information on the characteristics of accidents, the animals involved, and injuries to humans from newspaper reports about livestock vehicle accidents in Spain from...

  3. Using data collected for production or economic purposes to research production animal welfare: an epidemiological approach

    Contributor(s):: Dewey, C., Haley, C., Widowski, T., Friendship, R., Sunstrum, J., Richardson, K.

    Epidemiologists use the analyses of large data sets collected for production or economic purposes to research production nonhuman animal welfare issues in the commercial setting. This approach is particularly useful if the welfare issue is rare or hard to reproduce. However, to ensure the...

  4. Assessing the welfare of dairy calves: outcome-based measures of calf health versus input-based measures of the use of risky management practices

    Contributor(s):: Vasseur, E., Pellerin, D., Passille, A. M. de, Winckler, C., Lensink, B. J., Knierim, U., Rushen, J.

  5. Captive bears in human-animal welfare conflict: a case study of bile extraction on Asia's bear farms

    Contributor(s):: Kikuchi, R.

  6. Economic evaluation of high welfare indoor farrowing systems for pigs

    Contributor(s):: Guy, J. H., Cain, P. J., Seddon, Y. M., Baxter, E. M., Edwards, S. A.

  7. Negative affective states and their effects on morbidity, mortality and longevity

    Contributor(s):: Walker, M. D., Duggan, G., Roulston, N., Slack, A. van, Mason, G.

  8. A case control study of on-farm risk factors for tail biting in pigs

    Contributor(s):: Moinard, C., Mendl, M., Nicol, C. J., Green, L. E.

  9. The relationship between farmers' attitude and behaviour towards calves, and productivity of veal units

    Contributor(s):: Lensink, J., Boissy, A., Veissier, I.

    Although veal production is highly standardized, there still remains variability in productivity between farms, which might be due to the farmers' behaviour towards their animals, which in turn depends on their attitude towards animals. 50 affiliated with the same veal company were studied. The...

  10. The effect of early separation from the mother on pups in bonding to humans and pup health

    Contributor(s):: Slabbert, J. M., Rasa, O. A. E.

    The separation of young dogs from their dams (n = 20) one litter from each bitch (n=55) at the age of 6 weeks had a negative effect on the physical condition and weight gain of separated pups compared with that of pups with maternal contact till 12 (n=40) weeks. Disease susceptibility and...

  11. Death is a welfare issue

    Contributor(s):: Yeates, J. W.

    It is commonly asserted that "death is not a welfare issue" and this has been reflected in welfare legislation and policy in many countries. However, this creates a conflict for many who consider animal welfare to be an appropriate basis for decision-making in animal ethics but also consider that...

  12. Tropical storm and hurricane recovery and preparedness strategies

    Contributor(s):: Goodwin, B. S., Jr., Donaho, J. C.

    The goal of this article is to present lessons learned from the devastating effects of two specific natural disasters in Texas: Tropical Storm Allison, which flooded Houston in June 2001, and Hurricane Ike, which caused severe damage in Galveston in September 2008. When a disaster is predictable,...

  13. Effect of early handling on growth, mortality and feed efficiency in White Leghorns

    Contributor(s):: Leonard, M. L., Fairfull, R. W.

    The influence of early and regular handling on weight gain, mortality and feed efficiency was examined in 4 strains of White Leghorn chicks. Pens of approximately 60 chicks were assigned at random to one of 3 treatment groups: non-handled (NH), handled every day (HED), and handled every 3 days...

  14. Implications of breaking mother-young social bonds. (Special Issue: Early Weaning.)

    | Contributor(s):: Newberry, R. C., Swanson, J. C.

    Whereas mammalian mothers and young may retain long-term social affiliations in nature, the management of animals in captivity typically dictates that offspring are abruptly and permanently separated from their mothers at a relatively early age, often prior to the time of natural weaning. For...

  15. Animal welfare perspectives on recreational angling. (Special issue: Fish Behaviour and Welfare.)

    | Contributor(s):: Cooke, S. J., Sneddon, L. U.

    Fish captured by recreational anglers are often released either voluntarily or because of harvest regulations in a process called "catch-and-release". Catch-and-release angling is thought to be beneficial for the conservation of fish stocks based on the premise that most of the fish that are...

  16. Beak trimming and genetic stock effects on behaviour and mortality from cannibalism in white leghorn-type pullets

    | Contributor(s):: Craig, J. V., Lee, H. Y.

    Removal of half of the upper and less of the lower beak of pullet chicks at 4 weeks of age resulted in less pecking at feed, fewer non-agonistic pecks of all kinds, less moving and preening, and more inactive standing and crouching during the following 3 weeks. Escape and avoidance behaviour did...

  17. Natural behavioural biology as a risk factor in carnivore welfare: how analysing species differences could help zoos improve enclosures. (Special Issue: Conservation, enrichment and animal behavior.)

    | Contributor(s):: Clubb, R., Mason, G. J.

    In captivity, some species often seem to thrive, while others are often prone to breeding problems, poor health, and repetitive stereotypic behaviour. Within carnivores, for instance, the brown bear, American mink and snow leopard typically adapt well to captivity and show few signs of poor...

  18. The effects of farrowing nest size and width on sow and piglet behaviour and piglet survival

    | Contributor(s):: Cronin, G. M., Dunsmore, B., Leeson, E.

    The 'Werribee farrowing pen' (WFP) was developed as a loose housing alternative to the farrowing crate. The WFP occupies about twice the space of a crate and comprises 2 compartments, a 'nest' and a 'non-nest' area. The effects of 'nest' size (large: L vs. small: S) and width (wide: W vs. narrow:...

  19. Transportation of broilers with special reference to mortality rates

    | Contributor(s):: Bayliss, P. A., Hinton, M. H.

    At depopulation time broilers have to be transferred from the grower's house to the transport and then conveyed to the processing plant. Traditionally birds are caught by hand and crated before transport. That task is labour intensive and is often carried out during unsocial hours (night time)....

  20. Behaviour of silver foxes in traditional breeding boxes and in boxes with an entrance tunnel

    | Contributor(s):: Braastad, B. O.

    The periparturient behaviour of silver-fox females inside traditional and modified breeding boxes was recorded on video tape from 24 h before to 72 h after parturition for 3 diurnal periods. 20 litters had the traditional simple breeding box, 14 litters had a box with a narrow entrance tunnel....