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Tags: mortality + Developed countries

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  1. Application of the welfare quality protocol in pig slaughterhouses of five countries

    Contributor(s):: Dalmau, A., Nande, A., Vieira-Pinto, M., Zamprogna, S., Martino, G. di, Ribas, J. C. R., Costa, M. P. da, Halinen-Elemo, K., Velarde, A.

    The objective of the present study is to assess the variability of the measures used in the welfare quality (WQ) protocol for pigs among slaughterhouses in five different countries and to propose alarm and critical thresholds for the calculation of scores for future development of an animal...

  2. How do human-animal emotional relationships influence public perceptions of animal use?

    Contributor(s):: Cox, L., Montrose, T.

    Human-animal emotional relationships have a complicated interplay with public perceptions of the morality of animal use. Humans may build emotional relationships with companion species. These species are not usually intensively farmed in the United Kingdom, but they may be utilized during animal...

  3. Jump horse safety: reconciling public debate and Australian thoroughbred jump racing data, 2012-2014

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ruse, K., Davison, A., Bridle, K.

    Thoroughbred jump racing sits in the spotlight of contemporary welfare and ethical debates about horse racing. In Australia, jump racing comprises hurdle and steeplechase races and has ceased in all but two states, Victoria and South Australia. This paper documents the size, geography,...

  4. Health problems and risk factors associated with long haul transport of horses in Australia

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Padalino, B., Hall, E., Raidal, S., Celi, P., Knight, P., Jeffcott, L., Muscatello, G.

    Equine transportation is associated with a variety of serious health disorders causing economic losses. However; statistics on horse transport are limited and epidemiological data on transport related diseases are available only for horses transported to abattoirs for slaughter. This study...

  5. Bird-window collisions: a critical animal welfare and conservation issue

    | Contributor(s):: Klem, D., Jr.

    Sheet glass and plastic in the form of clear and reflective windows are universally lethal to birds. Reasonable interpretation of available scientific evidence describes windows as a principal human-associated avian mortality factor that is an indiscriminant killer of common species as well as...

  6. Calf mortality in semi-domestic reindeer ( Rangifer tarandus) in a Scottish herd: the impact of maternal age and individual differences between cow

    | Contributor(s):: Jorgensen, M. W., Jarvis, S., Brewer, M. J., Goddard, P. J.

    High calf mortality rate is a significant problem facing semi-domestic reindeer ( Rangifer tarandus) production around the world. Mortality rates, commonly due to predation, can range from 5 to 70%, which constitutes a great welfare concern. This study examined the influence of quantifiable...

  7. Absence of effects from immunocontraception on seasonal birth patterns and foal survival among barrier island wild horses

    | Contributor(s):: Kirkpatrick, J. F., Turner, A.

    Despite a large body of safety data, concern exists that porcine zonae pellucidae (PZP) immunocontraception - used to manage wild horse populations - may cause out-of-season births with resulting foal mortality. Our study at Assateague, Maryland indicated the effects of immunocontraception on...

  8. Birth and death rate estimates of cats and dogs in U.S. households and related factors

    | Contributor(s):: New, J. C., Jr., Kelch, W. J., Hutchison, J. M., Salman, M. D., King, M., Scarlett, J. M., Kass, P. H.

    Studies report variable factors associated with dog and cat surpluses in the United States. Estimates of cat and dog birth and death rates help understand the problem. This study collected data through a commercial survey company, distributing questionnaires to 7,399 cat- and dog-owning...

  9. Coyote ( Canis latrans ) interactions with humans and pets reported in the Canadian print media (1995-2010)

    | Contributor(s):: Alexander, S. M., Quinn, M. S.

    Interactions with coyotes are a growing management concern in urban North America. We conducted a content analysis of 453 articles addressing coyote events reported in the Canadian print media between 1995 and 2010. There were 119 articles about human-coyote interactions: 32 involved a coyote...

  10. Livestock vehicle accidents in Spain: causes, consequences, and effects on animal welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Miranda-de la Lama, G. C., Sepulveda, W. S., Villarroel, M., Maria, G. A.

    Livestock vehicle accidents are rare but involve significant economic, human, and nonhuman farm animal losses. This study obtained information on the characteristics of accidents, the animals involved, and injuries to humans from newspaper reports about livestock vehicle accidents in Spain from...

  11. Risk factors for unassisted on-farm death in Swedish dairy cows

    | Contributor(s):: Alvasen, K., Thomsen, P. T., Sandgren, C. H., Mork, M. J., Emanuelson, U.

    Increased on-farm cow mortality (ie unassisted death and euthanasia) has been demonstrated in Swedish dairy herds during the last decade. Identifying risk factors associated with type of death is needed for future work in reducing cow mortality rates. The objectives of this case-control study...

  12. A report of capture myopathy in the Tasmanian pademelon ( Thylogale billardierii)

    | Contributor(s):: McMahon, C. R., Wiggins, N. L., French, V., McCallum, H. I., Bowman, D.

  13. Infectious diseases associated with relation between humans and wildlife - consideration on wild bird mortality and bird-feeding

    | Contributor(s):: Fukui, D.

  14. Providing 'get-away bunks' and other enrichments to primiparous adult female mink improves their reproductive productivity

    | Contributor(s):: Buob, M., Meagher, R., Dawson, L., Palme, R., Haley, D., Mason, G.

  15. Providing elevated 'getaway bunks' to nursing mink dams improves their health and welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Dawson, L., Buob, M., Haley, D., Miller, S., Stryker, J., Quinton, M., Mason, G.

  16. Shrink and mortality of beef cattle during long distance transportation

    | Contributor(s):: Teke, B.

  17. Veterinarians' role for pet owners facing pet loss

    | Contributor(s):: Fernandez-Mehler, P., Gloor, P., Sager, E., Lewis, F. I., Glaus, T. M.

  18. Assessing the welfare of dairy calves: outcome-based measures of calf health versus input-based measures of the use of risky management practices

    | Contributor(s):: Vasseur, E., Pellerin, D., Passille, A. M. de, Winckler, C., Lensink, B. J., Knierim, U., Rushen, J.

  19. Captive bears in human-animal welfare conflict: a case study of bile extraction on Asia's bear farms

    | Contributor(s):: Kikuchi, R.

  20. New Zealand farmer narratives of the benefits of reduced human intervention during lambing in extensive farming systems

    | Contributor(s):: Fisher, M.

    Easy-care or natural lambing pertains to those sheep able to successfully lamb and rear at least one lamb without human assistance in a difficult environment. Such sheep may have a higher survival rate, lower lamb mortality, and require less shepherding at lambing than other sheep breeds or...