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  1. Dueling land ethics: uncovering agricultural stakeholder mental models to better understand recent land use conversion

    Contributor(s):: Turner, B. L., Wuellner, M., Nichols, T., Gates, R.

    The aim of this paper is to investigate how alternative land ethics of agricultural stakeholders may help explain recent land use changes. The paper first explores the historical development of the land ethic concept in the United States and how those ethics have impacted land use policy and use...

  2. Environmental duty of care: from ethical principle towards a code of practice for the grazing industry in Queensland (Australia)

    Contributor(s):: Greiner, R.

    Among the options of government for reducing negative environmental externalities from agriculture is the institution of a polluter statutory liability. An environmental duty of care imposes a statutory liability on agents who interact with the environment to avoid causing environmental harm....

  3. Industrial farm animal production: a comprehensive moral critique

    Contributor(s):: Rossi, J., Garner, S. A.

    Over the past century, animal agriculture in the United States has transformed from a system of small, family farms to a largely industrialized model-often known as 'industrial farm animal production' (IFAP). This model has successfully produced a large supply of cheap meat, eggs and dairy...

  4. Animal welfare: a complex international public policy issue: economic, policy, societal, cultural and other drivers and constraints. a 20-year international perspective

    Contributor(s):: Bayvel, A. C. D., Diesch, T. J., Cross, N.

  5. Interactions between profit and welfare on extensive sheep farms

    Contributor(s):: Stott, A. W., Ahmadi, B. V., Dwyer, C. M., Kupiec, B., Morgan-Davies, C., Milne, C. E., Ringrose, S., Goddard, P., Phillips, K., Waterhouse, A.

  6. Nigeria's response to the impacts of climate change: developing resilient and ethical Adaptation options

    Contributor(s):: Onyekuru, N. A., Marchant, R.

  7. The human-canine environment: a risk factor for non-play bites?

    Contributor(s):: Messam, L. L. M., Kass, P. H., Chomel, B. B., Hart, L. A.

    Few dog bite risk factor studies have been conducted. This veterinary clinic-based retrospective cohort study was aimed at identifying human-canine environmental risk factors for non-play bites in Kingston, Jamaica (660) and San Francisco (SF), USA (452). Data were analysed using modified Poisson...

  8. Farmers' perceptions of livestock, agriculture, and natural resources in the rural Ethiopian highlands

    Contributor(s):: Tschopp, R., Aseffa, A., Schelling, E., Zinsstag, J.

    Increasing human and livestock populations in Ethiopia are leading to a growing demand for food and feed. Cereal cropping is highly prioritized at the cost of the livestock subsector and the environment. Grazing land is decreasing, leading to overstocking and overgrazing of pastures, thus fueling...

  9. Agriculture in the Slovenian transitional economy: the preservation of genetic diversity of plants and ethical consequences

    Contributor(s):: Ivancic, A., Turk, J., Rozman, C., Sisko, M.

    Slovene agriculture is going through drastic changes. Most of the land is still owned by small farmers. The production is oriented to the market and is based on modern Western technology. It is associated with increasing pollution and is becoming a serious threat to biodiversity. Many of the wild...

  10. Assessment of GM crops in commercial agriculture

    Contributor(s):: Clark, E. A., Lehman, H.

    The calibre of the recent discourse regarding genetically modified organisms (GMOs) has suffered from a lack of consensus on terminology, from the scarcity of evidence upon which to assess risk to health and to the environment, and from value differences between proponents and opponents of GMOs....

  11. Can export-oriented aquaculture in developing countries be sustainable and promote sustainable development? The shrimp case

    Contributor(s):: Rivera-Ferre, M. G.

    Industrial shrimp farming has been promoted by international development and financial institutions in coastal indebted poor countries as a way to obtain foreign exchange earnings, reimburse external debt, and promote development. The promotion of the shrimp industry is a clear example of a more...

  12. Class: an essential aspect of watershed planning

    Contributor(s):: Adams, J.

    A study of a watershed planning process in the Cache River Watershed in southern Illinois (USA) revealed that class divisions, based on property ownership, underlay key conflicts over land use and decision-making relevant to resource use. A class analysis of the region indicates that the planning...

  13. Constrained choice and ethical dilemmas in land management: environmental quality and food safety in California agriculture

    Contributor(s):: Stuart, D.

    As environmental and conservation efforts increasingly turn towards agricultural landscapes, it is important to understand how land management decisions are made by agricultural producers. While previous studies have explored producer decision-making, many fail to recognize the importance of...

  14. Environmental care in agriculture: a social perspective

    Contributor(s):: Salazar-Ordonez, M., Sayadi, S.

    At its beginning, the European Union's Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) did not include measures to guide farmers in preserving ecosystems. At the same time, the social context on the 1960s and 1970s did not encourage environmental care to become a priority. Since the 1980s, new social concern...

  15. Environmental ethics beyond principle? The case for a pragmatic contextualism

    Contributor(s):: Minteer, B. A., Corley, E. A., Manning, R. E.

    Many non-anthropocentric environmental ethicists subscribe to a "principle-ist" approach to moral argument, whereby specific natural resource and environmental policy judgments are deduced from the prior articulation of a general moral principle. More often than not, this principle is one...

  16. Environmental implications of the erosion of cultural taboo practices in Awka-South local government area of Anambra State, Nigeria: 1. Forests, trees, and water resource preservation

    Contributor(s):: Anoliefo, G. O., Isikhuemhen, O. S., Ochije, N. R.

    Cultural taboos and their sanctions have helped to check abuse of the environment at least among the local people. The disregard for these traditional checks and balances especially among Christians has adversely affected their enforcement at this time. The environment and culture preservation in...

  17. Environmental risks of pesticides versus genetic engineering for agricultural pest control

    Contributor(s):: Paoletti, M. G., Pimentel, D.

    This paper discusses the environmental risks of pesticides as compared to the risks associated with the application of genetic engineering and biotechnology in agricultural pest, plant pathogen and weed control. It is suggested that in terms of environmental and public health impacts, pesticides...

  18. Ethics of sustainable development - a study of Swedish regulations for genetically modified organisms

    Contributor(s):: Karlsson, M.

    In spite of stricter provisions in the new EU directive on deliberate release of genetically modified organisms (GMOs), critics still advocate a moratorium on permits for cultivation of GMOs. However, in an attempt to meet concerns raised by the public, the directive explicitly gives Member...

  19. Ethological farm programs and the "market" for animal welfare

    Contributor(s):: Mann, S.

    Ethological farm programmes as they exist in Switzerland (namely, programmes paying farmers for controlled pasturage or for keeping animals in animal-friendly housing) are compared with environmental farm programmes in respect of demand and supply. Because animal welfare is not a public good but...

  20. Evolution of the stewardship idea in American country life

    Contributor(s):: Wunderlich, G.

    This paper describes development of the idea of stewardship in the US country life. Theological and secular concepts of stewardship evolved markedly in the 20th century. During this period of evolution, the American Country Life Association through its church, academic, farm organization, and...