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All Categories (1-20 of 56)

  1. Current opinion on maximizing veterinary profession growth and contributions

    Contributor(s):: Nimmanapalli, R., Donapaty, S. R.

    Veterinary profession sphere overlaps three major biology arenas namely agriculture, basic sciences, and human medicine. Thus, so far the investments in veterinary field are not proportional to the scope of their responsibilities. Rededication and rejuvenation can help veterinary profession to...

  2. The Cayman Turtle Farm: why we can't have our green turtle and eat it too

    Contributor(s):: D'Cruze, N., Alcock, R., Donnelly, M.

    The Cayman Turtle Farm (CTF) is the only facility in the world that commercially produces green sea turtles ( Chelonia mydas) for human consumption. The CTF has operated at a significant financial loss for much of its 45 years history and is maintained by substantial Cayman Island Government...

  3. Identifying sustainability issues for soymeal and beef production chains

    Contributor(s):: Kamali, F. P., Meuwissen, M. P. M., Boer, I. J. M. de, Stolz, H., Jahrl, I., Garibay, S. V., Jacobsen, R., Driesen, T., Oude Lansink, A. G. J. M.

    The expansion of livestock production throughout the world has led to increased demand for high protein animal feed. This expansion has created economic benefits for livestock farmers and other actors in the chain, but also resulted in environmental and social side effects. This study aims to...

  4. An epidemiological approach to welfare research in zoos: the Elephant Welfare Project

    Contributor(s):: Carlstead, K., Mench, J. A., Meehan, C., Brown, J. L.

    Multi-institutional studies of welfare have proven to be valuable in zoos but are hampered by limited sample sizes and difficulty in evaluating more than just a few welfare indicators. To more clearly understand how interactions of husbandry factors influence the interrelationships among welfare...

  5. Environmental duty of care: from ethical principle towards a code of practice for the grazing industry in Queensland (Australia)

    Contributor(s):: Greiner, R.

    Among the options of government for reducing negative environmental externalities from agriculture is the institution of a polluter statutory liability. An environmental duty of care imposes a statutory liability on agents who interact with the environment to avoid causing environmental harm....

  6. Industrial farm animal production: a comprehensive moral critique

    Contributor(s):: Rossi, J., Garner, S. A.

    Over the past century, animal agriculture in the United States has transformed from a system of small, family farms to a largely industrialized model-often known as 'industrial farm animal production' (IFAP). This model has successfully produced a large supply of cheap meat, eggs and dairy...

  7. Dermatitis prompted by a collar employed in radio-telemetry monitoring

    Contributor(s):: Ferreira, G. A., Pinto, M. L., Nakano-Oliveira, E., Genaro, G.

  8. Schoolchildren and one of the most unpopular animals: are they ready to protect snakes?

    Contributor(s):: Ballouard, J. M., Ajtic, R., Balint, H., Brito, J. C., Crnobrnja-Isailovic, J., Desmonts, D., ElMouden, E., Erdogan, M., Feriche, M., Pleguezuelos, J. M., Prokop, P., Sanchez, A., Santos, X., Slimani, T., Tomovic, L., Usak, M., Zuffi, M., Bonnet, X.

  9. Animal welfare: a complex international public policy issue: economic, policy, societal, cultural and other drivers and constraints. a 20-year international perspective

    Contributor(s):: Bayvel, A. C. D., Diesch, T. J., Cross, N.

  10. Refinement of the use of non-human primates in scientific research. Part III: refinement of procedures

    Contributor(s):: Rennie, A. E., Buchanan-Smith, H. M.

  11. The human-canine environment: a risk factor for non-play bites?

    Contributor(s):: Messam, L. L. M., Kass, P. H., Chomel, B. B., Hart, L. A.

    Few dog bite risk factor studies have been conducted. This veterinary clinic-based retrospective cohort study was aimed at identifying human-canine environmental risk factors for non-play bites in Kingston, Jamaica (660) and San Francisco (SF), USA (452). Data were analysed using modified Poisson...

  12. A review of WTO and environmental issues

    Contributor(s):: Stonehouse, D. P.

    Multiple negotiating rounds of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) and World Trade Organization (WTO) since 1947 have conferred economic benefits through liberalized international trade. A growing body of evidence also points to linkages between liberalized trade and damage to the...

  13. Agricultural development and associated environmental and ethical issues in South Asia

    Contributor(s):: Khan, M. A., Shah, S. A. A.

    South Asia is one of the most densely populated regions of the world, where despite a slow growth, agriculture remains the backbone of rural economy as it employs one half to over 90 percent of the labor force. Both extensive and intensive policy measures for agriculture development to feed the...

  14. Assessment of GM crops in commercial agriculture

    Contributor(s):: Clark, E. A., Lehman, H.

    The calibre of the recent discourse regarding genetically modified organisms (GMOs) has suffered from a lack of consensus on terminology, from the scarcity of evidence upon which to assess risk to health and to the environment, and from value differences between proponents and opponents of GMOs....

  15. Can export-oriented aquaculture in developing countries be sustainable and promote sustainable development? The shrimp case

    Contributor(s):: Rivera-Ferre, M. G.

    Industrial shrimp farming has been promoted by international development and financial institutions in coastal indebted poor countries as a way to obtain foreign exchange earnings, reimburse external debt, and promote development. The promotion of the shrimp industry is a clear example of a more...

  16. Constrained choice and ethical dilemmas in land management: environmental quality and food safety in California agriculture

    Contributor(s):: Stuart, D.

    As environmental and conservation efforts increasingly turn towards agricultural landscapes, it is important to understand how land management decisions are made by agricultural producers. While previous studies have explored producer decision-making, many fail to recognize the importance of...

  17. Critical impact assessment of organic agriculture

    Contributor(s):: Xie, Biao, Wang, XiaoRong, Ding, ZhuHong, Yang, YaPing

    Based on its production guideline, organic agriculture has set for itself the goals of minimizing all forms of pollution and maintaining sustainability of the farming system. By striving for these goals, organic farming meets the demands of an increasing number of consumers who are critical of...

  18. Environmental care in agriculture: a social perspective

    Contributor(s):: Salazar-Ordonez, M., Sayadi, S.

    At its beginning, the European Union's Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) did not include measures to guide farmers in preserving ecosystems. At the same time, the social context on the 1960s and 1970s did not encourage environmental care to become a priority. Since the 1980s, new social concern...

  19. Environmental ethics beyond principle? The case for a pragmatic contextualism

    Contributor(s):: Minteer, B. A., Corley, E. A., Manning, R. E.

    Many non-anthropocentric environmental ethicists subscribe to a "principle-ist" approach to moral argument, whereby specific natural resource and environmental policy judgments are deduced from the prior articulation of a general moral principle. More often than not, this principle is one...

  20. Environmental implications of the erosion of cultural taboo practices in Awka-South local government area of Anambra State, Nigeria: 1. Forests, trees, and water resource preservation

    Contributor(s):: Anoliefo, G. O., Isikhuemhen, O. S., Ochije, N. R.

    Cultural taboos and their sanctions have helped to check abuse of the environment at least among the local people. The disregard for these traditional checks and balances especially among Christians has adversely affected their enforcement at this time. The environment and culture preservation in...