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  1. Current opinion on maximizing veterinary profession growth and contributions

    Contributor(s):: Nimmanapalli, R., Donapaty, S. R.

    Veterinary profession sphere overlaps three major biology arenas namely agriculture, basic sciences, and human medicine. Thus, so far the investments in veterinary field are not proportional to the scope of their responsibilities. Rededication and rejuvenation can help veterinary profession to...

  2. Identifying sustainability issues for soymeal and beef production chains

    Contributor(s):: Kamali, F. P., Meuwissen, M. P. M., Boer, I. J. M. de, Stolz, H., Jahrl, I., Garibay, S. V., Jacobsen, R., Driesen, T., Oude Lansink, A. G. J. M.

    The expansion of livestock production throughout the world has led to increased demand for high protein animal feed. This expansion has created economic benefits for livestock farmers and other actors in the chain, but also resulted in environmental and social side effects. This study aims to...

  3. Hunting restraint by Creoles at the Community Baboon Sanctuary, Belize: a preliminary survey

    Contributor(s):: Jones, C. B., Young, J.

    This study surveyed 33 male hunters between the ages of 17 and 54 years at the Community Baboon Sanctuary (CBS), Belize, to evaluate attitudes and behaviours in relation to hunting black howler monkeys (Alouatta pigra). The study defined hunting restraint as a learned predisposition not to hunt 1...

  4. Environmental duty of care: from ethical principle towards a code of practice for the grazing industry in Queensland (Australia)

    Contributor(s):: Greiner, R.

    Among the options of government for reducing negative environmental externalities from agriculture is the institution of a polluter statutory liability. An environmental duty of care imposes a statutory liability on agents who interact with the environment to avoid causing environmental harm....

  5. Industrial farm animal production: a comprehensive moral critique

    Contributor(s):: Rossi, J., Garner, S. A.

    Over the past century, animal agriculture in the United States has transformed from a system of small, family farms to a largely industrialized model-often known as 'industrial farm animal production' (IFAP). This model has successfully produced a large supply of cheap meat, eggs and dairy...

  6. Schoolchildren and one of the most unpopular animals: are they ready to protect snakes?

    Contributor(s):: Ballouard, J. M., Ajtic, R., Balint, H., Brito, J. C., Crnobrnja-Isailovic, J., Desmonts, D., ElMouden, E., Erdogan, M., Feriche, M., Pleguezuelos, J. M., Prokop, P., Sanchez, A., Santos, X., Slimani, T., Tomovic, L., Usak, M., Zuffi, M., Bonnet, X.

  7. Animal welfare: a complex international public policy issue: economic, policy, societal, cultural and other drivers and constraints. a 20-year international perspective

    Contributor(s):: Bayvel, A. C. D., Diesch, T. J., Cross, N.

  8. Ethical issues in mitigation of climate change: the option of reduced meat production and consumption

    Contributor(s):: Nordgren, A.

  9. Nigeria's response to the impacts of climate change: developing resilient and ethical Adaptation options

    Contributor(s):: Onyekuru, N. A., Marchant, R.

  10. Refinement of the use of non-human primates in scientific research. Part III: refinement of procedures

    Contributor(s):: Rennie, A. E., Buchanan-Smith, H. M.

  11. Agricultural development and associated environmental and ethical issues in South Asia

    Contributor(s):: Khan, M. A., Shah, S. A. A.

    South Asia is one of the most densely populated regions of the world, where despite a slow growth, agriculture remains the backbone of rural economy as it employs one half to over 90 percent of the labor force. Both extensive and intensive policy measures for agriculture development to feed the...

  12. Agriculture in the Slovenian transitional economy: the preservation of genetic diversity of plants and ethical consequences

    Contributor(s):: Ivancic, A., Turk, J., Rozman, C., Sisko, M.

    Slovene agriculture is going through drastic changes. Most of the land is still owned by small farmers. The production is oriented to the market and is based on modern Western technology. It is associated with increasing pollution and is becoming a serious threat to biodiversity. Many of the wild...

  13. Class: an essential aspect of watershed planning

    Contributor(s):: Adams, J.

    A study of a watershed planning process in the Cache River Watershed in southern Illinois (USA) revealed that class divisions, based on property ownership, underlay key conflicts over land use and decision-making relevant to resource use. A class analysis of the region indicates that the planning...

  14. Constrained choice and ethical dilemmas in land management: environmental quality and food safety in California agriculture

    Contributor(s):: Stuart, D.

    As environmental and conservation efforts increasingly turn towards agricultural landscapes, it is important to understand how land management decisions are made by agricultural producers. While previous studies have explored producer decision-making, many fail to recognize the importance of...

  15. Environmental care in agriculture: a social perspective

    Contributor(s):: Salazar-Ordonez, M., Sayadi, S.

    At its beginning, the European Union's Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) did not include measures to guide farmers in preserving ecosystems. At the same time, the social context on the 1960s and 1970s did not encourage environmental care to become a priority. Since the 1980s, new social concern...

  16. Environmental ethics beyond principle? The case for a pragmatic contextualism

    Contributor(s):: Minteer, B. A., Corley, E. A., Manning, R. E.

    Many non-anthropocentric environmental ethicists subscribe to a "principle-ist" approach to moral argument, whereby specific natural resource and environmental policy judgments are deduced from the prior articulation of a general moral principle. More often than not, this principle is one...

  17. Environmental implications of the erosion of cultural taboo practices in Awka-South local government area of Anambra State, Nigeria: 1. Forests, trees, and water resource preservation

    Contributor(s):: Anoliefo, G. O., Isikhuemhen, O. S., Ochije, N. R.

    Cultural taboos and their sanctions have helped to check abuse of the environment at least among the local people. The disregard for these traditional checks and balances especially among Christians has adversely affected their enforcement at this time. The environment and culture preservation in...

  18. Ethical opportunities in global agriculture, fisheries, and forestry: the role for FAO

    Contributor(s):: Macer, D. R. J., Bhardwaj, M., Maekawa, F., Niimura, Y.

    A broad range of ethical issues in agriculture, fisheries, and forestry were identified by analysis of the literature and by interviews with Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) staff. Issues include: sharing access to and preserving natural resources; introduction of new technology;...

  19. Ethics of sustainable development - a study of Swedish regulations for genetically modified organisms

    Contributor(s):: Karlsson, M.

    In spite of stricter provisions in the new EU directive on deliberate release of genetically modified organisms (GMOs), critics still advocate a moratorium on permits for cultivation of GMOs. However, in an attempt to meet concerns raised by the public, the directive explicitly gives Member...

  20. Evolution of the stewardship idea in American country life

    Contributor(s):: Wunderlich, G.

    This paper describes development of the idea of stewardship in the US country life. Theological and secular concepts of stewardship evolved markedly in the 20th century. During this period of evolution, the American Country Life Association through its church, academic, farm organization, and...