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  1. Assessing ridden horse behavior: professional judgment and physiological measures

    Contributor(s):: Hall, C., Kay, R., Yarnell, K.

    The assessment of ridden horse behavior by 12 equestrian professionals (riding instructors n=4, riders n=4, veterinarians n=4) was compared with observed behavior and physiological measures (salivary cortisol and eye temperature). Horses (n=10) were ridden at walk, trot, and canter in a...

  2. Assessment of ridden horse behavior

    Contributor(s):: Hall, C., Huws, N., White, C., Taylor, E., Owen, H., McGreevy, P.

    Assessments of the behavior of ridden horses form the basis of performance evaluation. The purpose of any performance being evaluated will determine the factors considered important, factors indicative of "poor" performance, and what makes a successful equine athlete. Currently, there is no...

  3. Perception of dogs' stress by their owners

    Contributor(s):: Mariti, C., Gazzano, A., Moore, J. L., Baragli, P., Chelli, L., Sighieri, C.

    Questionnaires potentially have a broad applicability in measuring stress levels in dogs, as owners know their dogs' behavior and personality better than anyone else. The aim of this research was to evaluate how owners perceive stress in their dogs through understanding of displayed behaviors....

  4. Motor and sensory laterality in thoroughbred horses

    | Contributor(s):: McGreevy, P. D., Rogers, L. J.

    We investigated lateralisation in horses because it is likely to be important in training and athletic performance. Thoroughbred horses (n=106) were observed every 60 s for 2 h, when they were at pasture, and the position of the forelimbs in relation to one another was recorded. There was a...

  5. The effect of nose rings on the exploratory behaviour of outdoor gilts exposed to different tests

    | Contributor(s):: Studnitz, M., Jensen, K. H., Jorgensen, E.

    Rooting behaviour appears to be an important part of the behavioural repertoire in pigs. It is suggested that it is in fact a behavioural need. The present study investigated whether nose-ringed gilts, which are unable to root, can satisfactorily substitute rooting with other exploratory...

  6. Alternatives to nose-ringing in outdoor sows. 1. The provision of a sacrificial rooting area

    | Contributor(s):: Bornett, H. L. I., Edge, H. L., Edwards, S. A.

    The nose-ringing of outdoor pigs (Sus scrofa) is commonly practised in many countries as a means to inhibit rooting and reduce pasture damage and soil erosion. This practice has been questioned on ethical grounds and alternatives are being sought. Sixteen multiparous pregnant sows were housed in...

  7. Conditioned aversion in sheep induced by Baccharis coridifolia

    | Contributor(s):: Almeida, M. B. de, Schild, A. L., Brasil, N. D. A., Quevedo, P. de S., Fiss, L., Pfister, J. A., Riet-Correa, F.

    In Southern Brazil, Uruguay, Argentina, and Paraguay, the invasive weed Baccharis coridifolia often poisons naive animals. Farmers prevent B. coridifolia poisoning using several unconventional methods to reduce ingestion: (1) burning plant material under an animals' nose, and having the...

  8. Social interactions of unfamiliar horses during paired encounters: effect of pre-exposure on aggression level and so risk of injury

    | Contributor(s):: Hartmann, E., Christensen, J. W., Keeling, L. J.

    Group housing of horses is not widely applied in practice despite the welfare advantages of keeping animals socially rather than individually. In particular, concerns have been raised about the possible increased risk of injury and how to introduce a new horse into an established group. This...

  9. Ever been close to a nosey pig?

    | Contributor(s):: Putten, G. van

  10. Vomeronasal organ and the accessory olfactory system

    | Contributor(s):: Whitten, W. K.

  11. RICHPIG: a semantic model to assess enrichment materials for pigs

    | Contributor(s):: Bracke, M. B. M.

    A computer-based model was constructed to assess enrichment materials (EMats) for intensively-farmed weaned, growing and fattening pigs on a scale from 0 to 10. This model, called RICHPIG, was constructed in order to support the further implementation of EC Directive 2001/93/EC, which states that...

  12. The effect of nose ringing on exploratory behaviour in gilts

    | Contributor(s):: Studnitz, M., Jensen, K. H., Jorgensen, E., Jensen, K. K.

    Outdoor sows with nose rings can perform most of their natural behavioural activities except rooting. The prevention of rooting through surgical intervention (nose ringing) may be detrimental to welfare, although the behavioural and welfare consequences of rooting deprivation are not well...

  13. The use of nose-rings in pigs: consequences for rooting, other functional activities, and welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Horrell, R. I., A'Ness, P. J., Edwards, S. A., Eddison, J. C.

    30 pregnant sows were assigned to one of groups: unringed controls (UR); sows ringed with 3 wire 'clip' rings through the snout rim (CR); or sows with 1 rigid 'bull' ring (BR). They were observed on grass for 7 h daily at intervals over 6 months. Ringing almost totally abolished penetration of...