The Canine Frustration Questionnaire—Development of a New Psychometric Tool for Measuring Frustration in Domestic Dogs (Canis familiaris)
Contributor(s):: Kevin J. McPeake, Lisa M. Collins, Helen Zulch, Daniel S. Mills
Introduction: Psychometric tools have been developed for the assessment of behavioral and affective traits in non-human animals. Frustration can be defined as an emotional reaction experienced after a given expectation is violated. Frustration is a negative emotional state and whilst it...
Impact of adaptive devices on horses, assisting persons, and riders with cerebral palsy in a therapeutic riding program
Contributor(s):: Lana Kaiser, Mathew J. Edick, Katherine Smith Buckler, Camie Heleski, Sherman Gorbis, Bonnie DePue, Liz Lewis, LeeAnn J. Kaiser
Hypothesis: The goal of this study was to evaluate the impact of three different adaptive devices used to facilitate therapeutic horseback riding for riders with cerebral palsy (CP), the horses, and the assisting persons. The study hypothesis was that there is no difference in clinical benefit to...
Testing ultra-wideband technology as a method of tracking fast-growing broilers under commercial conditions
Contributor(s):: Baxter, Mary, O’Connell, Niamh E.
Ultra-wideband (UWB) is an indoor positioning technology that has several advantages over current methods of tracking indoor reared broiler chickens, including providing long-term data on movement patterns without the effect of observer presence. More information is needed on the accuracy of this...
Owner perception of problem behaviours in dogs aged 6 and 9-months
Contributor(s):: Lord, Michelle S., Casey, Rachel A., Kinsman, Rachel H., Tasker, Séverine, Knowles, Toby G., Da Costa, Rosa E. P., Woodward, Joshua L., Murray, Jane K.
Problem behaviours may lead to compromised welfare, risk of relinquishment and euthanasia for dogs, as well as distress and safety issues for owners. This study used data provided by 1111 UK and Republic of Ireland participants in the ‘Generation Pup’ longitudinal study of canine health and...
A One Health message about bats increases intentions to follow public health guidance on bat rabies
| Contributor(s):: Hang Lu, Katherine A. McComas, Danielle E. Buttke, Sungjong Roh, Margaret A. Wild
Since 1960, bat rabies variants have become the greatest source of human rabies deaths in the United States. Improving rabies awareness and preventing human exposure to rabid bats remains a national public health priority today. Concurrently, conservation of bats and the ecosystem benefits they...
Impact of Wind Energy on Bats: a Summary of our Current Knowledge
| Contributor(s):: Cris D. Hein, Michael R. Schirmacher
Since 2003, when it was discovered that large numbers of bats were being killed at wind turbines in the eastern United States, our understanding of the impact of wind energy development on bats has increased and consistent patterns of fatality, including seasonality and species composition have...
Associations between Domestic-Dog Morphology and Behaviour Scores in the Dog Mentality Assessment
| Contributor(s):: Holly R. Stone, Paul D. McGreevy, Melissa J. Starling, Bjorn Forkman
The domestic dog shows a wide range of morphologies, that humans have selected for in the process of creating unique breeds. Recent studies have revealed correlations between changes in morphology and behaviour as reported by owners. For example, as height and weight decrease, many undesirable...
The influence of human interaction on guinea pigs: Behavioral and thermographic changes during animal-assisted therapy
| Contributor(s):: Wirth, S., Gebhardt-Henrich, S. G., Riemer, S., Hattendorf, J., Zinsstag, J., Hediger, K.
The Concerns, Difficulties, and Stressors of Caring for Pets during COVID-19: Results from a Large Survey of U.S. Pet Owners
| Contributor(s):: Applebaum, J. W., Tomlinson, C. A., Matijczak, A., McDonald, S. E., Zsembik, B. A.
Ocitocina sérica e comportamento afetivo de cães na interação com crianças e adultos
| Contributor(s):: Luelyn Jockyman
A ocitocina tem sido usada como parâmetro para medir os laços sociais em animais. Recentemente foi demonstrado que a concentração de ocitocina aumenta em cães e donos quando interagem positivamente e, possivelmente, que na interação com...
The Need for a Convergence of Agricultural/Laboratory and Zoo-based Approaches to Animal Welfare
| Contributor(s):: Ward, Samantha J., Hosey, Geoff
Advances in animal welfare science have led to a high number of studies published for farm, laboratory and zoo animals, with a huge breadth of innovative topic areas and methodologies. This paper investigates the different approaches used to undertake welfare research in farm, laboratory and zoo...
Veterinary Behavior: Assessment of Veterinarians' Training, Experience, and Comfort Level with Cases
| Contributor(s):: Kogan, L. R., Hellyer, P. W., Rishniw, M., Schoenfeld-Tacher, R.
The effects of a choice test between food rewards and human interaction in a herd of domestic horses of varying breeds and experiences
| Contributor(s):: Kieson, Emily, Felix, Crystal, Webb, Summer, Abramson, Charles I.
Humans use food rewards as positive reinforcement for training horses, but there is little evidence to show that human interaction (scratching or patting) has reward value or if domestic horses perceive human touch as social bonding. Most equine training is based on negative reinforcement, but...
Use of a habituation-dishabituation paradigm to assess gilt olfaction and sensitivity to the boar pheromone
| Contributor(s):: Aviles-Rosa, Edgar O., McGlone, John J., Hall, Nathaniel J.
Olfactory stimuli have been used to reduce stress in weaning pigs and induce sexual behavior in sows. Despite the importance of olfaction in pig production and behavior, there is no simple method to assess pig olfaction. Thus, the objectives of this study were: (1) to evaluate the use of an...
Maize silage as enrichment material improves the welfare of growing-finishing pigs in environmentally-friendly pens
| Contributor(s):: Ocepek, Marko, Goold, Conor M., Busančić, Mirjana, Aarnink, André J. A.
Provision of enrichment in welfare- and environmentally-friendly pig pens is important for sustainable pig production. The primary aim of the present experiment was to investigate the effects of maize silage as a singular enrichment compared to a combination of maize silage and chopped straw on...
Prevailing Clusters of Canine Behavioural Traits in Historical US Demand for Dog Breeds (1926–2005)
| Contributor(s):: Bethany Wilson, James Serpell, Harold Herzog, Paul McGreevy
Drawing on American Kennel Club (AKC) puppy registration numbers for approximately 82 varieties of pedigree dogs between 1926 and 2005, the current article analyses behavioural reports on 32,005 dogs of these varieties reported through the Canine Behavioural Assessment and Research...
Effects of Environmental Enrichment on Behavior in a Domestic Goat Herd
| Contributor(s):: Stephanie Peramas
Animal welfare is one of the most important parts of animal management. Apart from other measures of good animal welfare, like being in good health, animal behavior can be indicative of the animal’s internal state and is often one of the first signs of improper welfare. Stereotypies, or...
The Effect of Extensive Human Presence at an Early Age on Stress Responses and Reactivity of Juvenile Ostriches towards Humans
| Contributor(s):: Pfunzo T. Muvhali, Maud Bonato, Anel Engelbrecht, Irek A. Malecki, Denise Hough, Jane E. Robinson, Neil P. Evans, Schalk W. P. Cloete
The effect of extensive human presence and regular gentle handling performed at an early age (0–3 months old) on stress responses and reactivity of juvenile ostriches towards humans was investigated. A total of 416 ostrich chicks over two years were exposed to one of three treatments for...