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  1. Health Benefits of Pet Ownership for Older Adults

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Molly Cook, Sydney Busch

    Background: Over the last few decades, life expectancy has increased causing a significant rise and rising number of senior citizens. This has resulted in greater demand and spending in healthcare for this growing population, due to, the increase risk for health problems that are associated...

  2. Understanding Fear and Stranger-Directed Aggression in Companion Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Hannah Flint

    Stranger-directed aggression is both a public safety and animal welfare concern. The objectives of this thesis were to identify risk factors for stranger-directed aggression in dogs, to assess the effect of targeted owner training on the accuracy of ratings of fear in dogs, and to identify...

  3. Assessment of Vaccine-Induced Immunity Against Canine Visceral Leishmaniasis

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Javier Moreno

    Canine visceral leishmaniasis is an increasingly important public health problem. Dogs infected by Leishmania infantum are the main domestic reservoir of the parasite and play a key role in its transmission to humans. Recent findings have helped in the development of novel diagnostic...

  4. Population Structure Analysis of the Border Collie Dog Breed in Hungary

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Virág Ács, Árpád Bokor, István Nagy

    Pedigree data of the Border Collie dog breed were collected in Hungary to examine genetic diversity within the breed and its different lines. The database was based on available herd books dating from the development of the breed (in the late 1800s) to the present day. The constructed pedigree...

  5. Measuring Attachments Between Dogs and Their Owners

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Joanne Wilshaw

    This thesis details the development and testing of a new scale for measuring human attachment to dogs which allows for the measurement of weaker attachment levels as well as stronger ones (the CDA scale). The correlation between dog-owner’s scores on the CDA scale and their dog’s...

  6. Canine and Feline Parvoviruses Can Use Human or Feline Transferrin Receptors To Bind, Enter, and Infect Cells

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: John SL Parker, William J Murphy, Dai Wang, Stephen J O'Brien, Colin R Parrish

    Canine parvovirus (CPV) enters and infects cells by a dynamin-dependent, clathrin-mediated endocytic pathway, and viral capsids colocalize with transferrin in perinuclear vesicles of cells shortly after entry (J. S. L. Parker and C. R. Parrish, J. Virol. 74:1919–1930, 2000). Here we...

  7. The earliest domestic cat on the Silk Road

    | Contributor(s):: Haruda, A. F., Ventresca Miller, A. R., Paijmans, J. L. A., Barlow, A., Tazhekeyev, A., Bilalov, S., Hesse, Y., Preick, M., King, T., Thomas, R., Härke, H., Arzhantseva, I.

  8. Socio-Economic Factors in Companion Animal Relinquishment on the Sunshine Coast, Australia

    | Contributor(s):: Carter, J., Taylor, C. S.

  9. Association of Dog and Cat Ownership with Incident Frailty among Community-Dwelling Elderly Japanese

    | Contributor(s):: Taniguchi, Y., Seino, S., Nishi, M., Tomine, Y., Tanaka, I., Yokoyama, Y., Ikeuchi, T., Kitamura, A., Shinkai, S.

  10. Acquiring a Pet Dog: A Review of Factors Affecting the Decision-Making of Prospective Dog Owners

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Katrina E. Holland

    Given the prevalence of pet dogs in households throughout the world, decisions regarding dog acquisition affect many people each year. Across the stages of dog acquisition there is potential for practices that may promote or compromise canine welfare. For instance, prospective owners may not...

  11. Animals on Campus and in the Workplace

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ian Allen, Ruth Carlton-Appleton, Brett Lohoefener

    Animals on campus are becoming a hot button issue for students, faculty, and staff. Iowa State University staff members Brett Lohoefener (University Counsel), Ian Allen (Student Disability Resources), and Ruth Carlton-Appleton (University Human Resources) will present information on the...

  12. Quantifying Antimicrobial Use in Dutch Companion Animals

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Nonke E. M. Hopman, Marloes A. M. van Dijk, Els M. Broens, Jaap A. Wagenaar, Dick J. J. Heederik, Ingeborg M. van Geijlswijk

    Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is an increasing threat, both in human and in veterinary medicine. To reduce the selection and spread of AMR, antimicrobial use (AMU) should be optimized, also in companion animals. To be able to optimize AMU, a feasible method to quantify AMU and information on...

  13. The Views of the UK Public Towards Routine Neutering of Dogs and Cats

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Chanakarn Wongsaengchan, Dorothy E.F. McKeegan

    Despite being routinely recommended by veterinarians, neutering of dogs and cats has both positive and negative impacts on animal welfare and is ethically problematic. We examined attitudes of a sample of the UK public towards routine neutering of dogs and cats using a questionnaire....

  14. The Canine Frustration Questionnaire—Development of a New Psychometric Tool for Measuring Frustration in Domestic Dogs (Canis familiaris)

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kevin J. McPeake, Lisa M. Collins, Helen Zulch, Daniel S. Mills

    Introduction: Psychometric tools have been developed for the assessment of behavioral and affective traits in non-human animals. Frustration can be defined as an emotional reaction experienced after a given expectation is violated. Frustration is a negative emotional state and whilst it...

  15. A Case of Letting the Cat out of The Bag—Why Trap-Neuter-Return Is Not an Ethical Solution for Stray Cat (Felis catus) Management

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Heather M. Crawford, Michael C. Calver, Patricia A. Fleming

    Trap-Neuter-Return (TNR) programs, in which stray cats are captured, neutered and returned to the environment are advocated as a humane, ethical alternative to euthanasia. We review the TNR literature in light of current debate over whether or not there should be further TNR trials in...

  16. Ask a Catbrarian: Marketing Library Services Using a Cat

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Teagan Eastman, Jennifer Saulnier, Kati Richardson

    This case study aims to describe how employees at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign’s Undergraduate Library (UGL) utilized a cat mascot as part of a marketing campaign to promote awareness of library resources and services and to overcome undergraduate students’ library...

  17. Parallels in the interactive effect of highly sensitive personality and social factors on behaviour problems in dogs and humans

    | Contributor(s):: Bräm Dubé, M., Asher, L., Würbel, H., Riemer, S., Melotti, L.

  18. Bridging the Gap between Personality-Social Psychology and Human-Animal Interaction Research

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Anthony E. Coy, Christopher J. Holden

    Personality and social psychology are two of the broadest subfields within psychology. Social psychology extends into areas such as perception and cognition while providing more unique contributions in specific domains such as close relationships and aggression. Personality cuts across all areas...

  19. Human Helping of Animals: What Motivates It?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lauren E. Highfill, Mark H. Davis

    While considerable research has been carried out to understand helping offered to other humans, relatively little research has focused specifically on the motivations underlying helping for animals. It is possible that the social psychological helping literature may help shed light on the...

  20. No pets allowed: Landlord attitudes towards pets in a small Canadian city

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Carla Krachun, †McLennon J. G. Wilson, Joshua Hoddinott

    Pet ownership is associated with greater mental and physical well-being, but it can also make some aspects of life more difficult. For example, many landlords have a 'no-pets' policy, which is especially problematic in areas where rental units are already in short supply. We examined...