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The role of cultural norms in shaping attitudes towards amphibians in Cape Town, South Africa
Contributor(s):: Brom, P., Anderson, P., Channing, A., Underhill, L. G.
Urban ecosystems are increasingly viewed as an important component within strategies for wildlife conservation but are shaped as much by natural systems as they are by social and political processes. At the garden scale, attitudes and preferences govern design and maintenance choices including...
A Proposal for a Comprehensive Human-Animal Approach of Evaluation for Animal-Assisted Interventions
Contributor(s):: Lerner, H.
Background: An important field of human-animal interactions is animal-assisted interventions (AAIs), which refers to research on human-animal interactions in order to promote or facilitate health or education in humans. Very few studies among the rich literature on AAIs seem to include aspects of...
Improved Wellbeing for Both Caretakers and Users from A Zoo-Related Nature Based Intervention-A Study at Nordens Ark Zoo, Sweden
Contributor(s):: Sahlin, E., Johansson, B., Karlsson, P. O., Loberg, J., Niklasson, M., Grahn, P.
Nature-based interventions have been proposed to promote physical and mental health and give stress reduction. Little attention has been given to the potential of zoos for human health and wellbeing. A disadvantaged group in Sweden regarding access to nature are individuals with disabilities who...
Horse Paleogenomes and Human-Animal Interactions in Prehistory
Contributor(s):: Perry, G. H., Makarewicz, C. A.
A new analysis of paleogenomic data from 278 ancient horses (Fages et al. Cellhttp://doi.org/10.1016/j.cell.2019.03.049) finds that this animal - crucially important to many ancient and contemporary human societies for subsistence, transportation, conflict, and more - was domesticated in at least...
An evolutionary point of view of animal ethics
Contributor(s):: Criscuolo, François, Sueur, Cédric
The observation that animals may respond to the emotional states of conspecific or even heterospecific individuals is not new. After more than one century, the need to define what exactly non-human animals are able to feel and—from this starting point—rethink the legal status and place of animals...
Evolution of facial muscle anatomy in dogs
Contributor(s):: Kaminski, J., Waller, B. M., Diogo, R., Hartstone-Rose, A., Burrows, A. M.
Domestication shaped wolves into dogs and transformed both their behavior and their anatomy. Here we show that, in only 33,000 y, domestication transformed the facial muscle anatomy of dogs specifically for facial communication with humans. Based on dissections of dog and wolf heads, we show that...
Effectiveness of the dog therapy for patients with dementia - a systematic review
Contributor(s):: Klimova, B., Toman, J., Kuca, K.
BACKGROUND: Dementia represents a mental and economic burden for both patients and their caregivers. Therefore, the aim of this study is to explore the effectiveness of animal assisted therapy (AAT) with special focus on canis therapy among people with dementia, specifically Alzheimer's disease....
Companion Dog Foster Caregiver Program for Older Veterans at the VA Maryland Health Care System: A Feasibility Study
Contributor(s):: Ortmeyer, H. K., Robey, L. C.
Veterans experience mental health conditions at a disproportionate rate compared to their civilian counterparts, and approximately 60% of older veterans who receive their care through the United States Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) do not meet physical activity (PA) recommendations. We...
City of Beasts: How Animals Shaped Georgian London. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2019. xviii + 310pp. 34 figures. Bibliography. £25.00 hbk. £30.00 ebk
Contributor(s):: Taverner, Charlie
Farm animals populate the next two sections: the cows and pigs reared within the built-up area, and the cattle and sheep driven into the heart of the city to be slaughtered. A recurrent theme of the book is the way in which urban growth actually increased interactions between animals and humans...
Attachment security in companion dogs: adaptation of Ainsworth's strange situation and classification procedures to dogs and their human caregivers
Contributor(s):: Solomon, J., Beetz, A., Schoberl, I., Gee, N., Kotrschal, K.
This exploratory study describes the development of a classification system for dogs' attachment security to caregivers that adheres closely to Ainsworth's seminal methodology. Fifty-nine adult dogs and caregivers participated in a mildly threatening laboratory encounter with a stranger (TS) and...
Animal-Assisted Therapy in the Residential Treatment of Dual Pathology
Contributor(s):: Monfort Montolio, M., Sancho-Pelluz, J.
Animal-assisted therapy (AAT) is a complementary intervention of therapy that has shown positive results in the treatment of various pathologies. This study assesses the viability of the implementation and the effectiveness of an AAT program in patients diagnosed with substance abuse disorder and...
Animal-assisted therapy for dementia
Contributor(s):: Lai, N. M., Chang, S. M. W., Ng, S. S., Tan, S. L., Chaiyakunapruk, N., Stanaway, F.
BACKGROUND: Dementia is a chronic condition which progressively affects memory and other cognitive functions, social behaviour, and ability to carry out daily activities. To date, no treatment is clearly effective in preventing progression of the disease, and most treatments are symptomatic,...
Elephant in the room: animal assisted interventions
Contributor(s):: Ratschen, E., Sheldon, T. A.
2019Bmj367l62600959-813810.1136/bmj.l6260engDepartment of Health Sciences, University of York, York, UK firstname.lastname@example.org.Department of Health Sciences, University of York, York, UK.text
Animal-assisted therapy for patients in a minimally conscious state: A randomized two treatment multi-period crossover trial
Contributor(s):: Hediger, K., Petignat, M., Marti, R., Hund-Georgiadis, M.
Friends with malefit. The effects of keeping dogs and cats, sustaining animal-related injuries and Toxoplasma infection on health and quality of life
Contributor(s):: Flegr, J., Preiss, M.
Rejections in an non-purpose bred assistance dog population: Reasons, consequences and methods for screening
Contributor(s):: Bogaerts, E., Moons, C. P. H., Van Nieuwerburgh, F., Peelman, L., Saunders, J. H., Broeckx, B. J. G.
It's all about the sex, or is it? Humans, horses and temperament
Contributor(s):: Fenner, K., Caspar, G., Hyde, M., Henshall, C., Dhand, N., Probyn-Rapsey, F., Dashper, K., McLean, A., McGreevy, P.
A modest protective association between pet ownership and cardiovascular diseases: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Contributor(s):: Yeh, T. L., Lei, W. T., Liu, S. J., Chien, K. L.
Investigating risk factors that predict a dog's fear during veterinary consultations
Contributor(s):: Edwards, P. T., Hazel, S. J., Browne, M., Serpell, J. A., McArthur, M. L., Smith, B. P.
Depression and anxiety in pet owners after a diagnosis of cancer in their pets: a cross-sectional study in Japan
Contributor(s):: Nakano, Y., Matsushima, M., Nakamori, A., Hiroma, J., Matsuo, E., Wakabayashi, H., Yoshida, S., Ichikawa, H., Kaneko, M., Mutai, R., Sugiyama, Y., Yoshida, E., Kobayashi, T.