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  1. Long-term hyperalgesia and traumatic neuroma formation in tail-docked lambs

    Contributor(s):: Larrondo, C., Bustamante, H., Paredes, E., Gallo, C.

  2. Use of spontaneous behaviour measures to assess pain in laboratory rats and mice: How are we progressing?

    Contributor(s):: Whittaker, Alexandra L., Howarth, Gordon S.

    The understanding and recognition of pain in laboratory rats and mice has advanced considerably in recent times. However, there is evidence that despite these advances, analgesics are still relatively underutilised in these species. One possible contributing influence to this is the difficulty in...

  3. Bundling Interventions to Enhance Pain Care Quality (BITE Pain) in Medical Surgical Patients

    Contributor(s):: Rice, K. L., Castex, J., Redmond, M., Burton, J., Guo, J. W., Beck, S. L.

  4. A Reference Source for the Recognition & Alleviation of Pain & Distress in Animals

    Contributor(s):: Richard L. Crawford

    The Animal Welfare Information Center was established under the 1985 amendments to the Animal Welfare Act (Sect. 13(e)) and is required to provide specific information to the research community. One of these requirements deals with providing information which would minimize pain and distress to...

  5. Respiratory Tract Illnesses During the First Year of Life: Effect of Dog and Cat Contacts

    Contributor(s):: Eija Bergroth MD, Sami Remes MD PhD, Juha Pekkanen MD PhD, Timo Kauppila MSc, Gisela Büchele PhD, Leea Keski-Nisula MD PhD

    OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of dog and cat contacts on the frequency of respiratory symptoms and infections during the first year of life.METHODS: In this birth cohort study, 397 children were followed up from pregnancy onward, and the frequency of respiratory symptoms and infections...

  6. Reduction in mucosal barrier markers with soy protein diet but not Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG in DSS-treated mice

    Contributor(s):: Huanyi Jiang, Ruth S. MacDonald (adviser)

    Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a common ailment affecting people of all ages. Even though the pathogenesis of IBD has not been fully elucidated, there is evidence that it involves interactions between genetic susceptibility, aberrant activation of the immune system, and the environment....

  7. The Human-Animal Bond Initiative

    Animals have served humans in a number of roles over time, most notably the role of companion and protector. Anyone who comes home after a hard day and is cheerfully greeted by an animal understands the power of the human-animal bond. Additionally, service animals that act as the eyes and ears of...

  8. Assessment of acute pain experienced by piglets from ear tagging, ear notching and intraperitoneal injectable transponders

    | Contributor(s):: Leslie, E., Hernandez-Jover, M., Newman, R., Holyoake, P.

    Suckling piglets are routinely identified to assist with their day-to-day management. A total of 120 suckling piglets were used to determine and compare the short-term pain responses to a number of identification methodologies, including: ear notching, ear tagging and intraperitoneal injection...

  9. Validation of a method for assessment of an acute pain in lambs

    | Contributor(s):: Molony, V., Kent, J. E., McKendrick, I. J.

    Acute pain following different methods of rubber ring castration and tail docking (CTD) was assessed using behavioural and physiological methods. Validity was determined by showing how accurately lambs were allocated, to their appropriate treatment groups. Six groups of seven lambs, 5-6 days old,...

  10. Animal pain

    | Contributor(s):: Rollin, Bernard E.

  11. The art of handling acute illness and injury

    | Contributor(s):: Milani, M.

  12. Non-accidental injury in companion animals in the Republic of Ireland

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kristina McGuinness, Boyd R. Jones, Mary Allen

    Non-accidental injury (NAI), animal abuse and “battered pet” syndrome are terms used to identify “the intentional harm of an animal”. The terms include, but are not limited to, wilful neglect, inflicting injury, pain or distress, or malicious killing of an animal. Three categories of abuse are...

  13. Human direct actions may alter animal welfare, a study on horses (Equus caballus)

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Clémence Lesimple, Carole Fureix, Hervéy Menguy, Martine Hausberger

    Background Back pain is the cause of bad welfare in humans and animals. Although vertebral problems are regularly reported on riding horses, these problems are not always identified nor noticed enough to prevent these horses to be used for work. Methodology/Principal Findings Nineteen horses from...

  14. Fireworks and animals

    Full-text: Available

    Every year thousands of animals will suffer as a result of fireworks being letoff. Blue Cross animal hospitals across the country see a marked rise in petsrequiring medication during such stressful times, and many animals arebrought into Blue Cross adoption centres having run away from...

  15. Assessment of acute and chronic pain after different methods of castration of calves

    | Contributor(s):: Molony, V., Kent, J. E., Robertson, I. S.

    Four groups of Ayrshire calves were castrated at 1 week of age by surgery, crushing (using a Burdizzo), rubber ring, or a combination of the Burdizzo and rubber ring methods. Responses of castrated calves were compared with those of a control group of calves which were not castrated. Plasma...

  16. Assessing pain in animals - putting research into practice

    | Contributor(s):: Flecknell, P. A., Roughan, J. V.

    Our ability to assess pain in animals in clinical situations is slowly developing, but remains very limited. In order to develop appropriate pain scoring schemes, numerous practical problems need to be overcome. In addition, we need to appraise realistically our current poor state of knowledge....

  17. Differences in the acute pain responses of two breeds of lamb following castration and tail docking with the rubber ring method

    | Contributor(s):: Archer, N., Johnston, A. M., Khalid, M.

    Charolais x and Suffolk x Mule lambs of less than one week of age were castrated and tail docked using a standard rubber ring technique. After these procedures, their behaviour was monitored for 1 h. Their respiration rates and scrotal sac measurements were also recorded. Both breeds of lamb...