Effects of animal-assisted activity on self-reported feelings of pain in hospitalized children and adolescents
| Contributor(s):: Tatiane Ichitani, Maria Claudia Cunha
Animal-assisted intervention (AAI) is an approach recently introduced into the hospital environment to improve the quality of hospitalization and provide important benefits for patients with chronic diseases and long-term hospitalizations. This work aims to verify the effects of animal-assisted...
Animal welfare and its assossiations with farm size and stockmanship characteristics on European breeding-to-finishing pig farms
| Contributor(s):: Ruckli, A. K., Dippel, S., Helmerichs, J., Hubbard, C., Munsterhjelm, C., Vermeer, H., Leeb, C.
In-Person Caretaker Visits Disrupt Ongoing Discomfort Behavior in Hospitalized Equine Orthopedic Surgical Patients
| Contributor(s):: Catherine Torcivia, Sue McDonnell
Horses have evolved to show little indication of discomfort or disability when in the presence of potential predators, including humans. This natural characteristic complicates the recognition of pain in equine patients. It has been our clinical impression that, whenever a person is present,...
Improving the Recognition of Equine Affective States
| Contributor(s):: Catherine Bell, Suzanne Rogers, Julie Taylor, Debbie Busby
A key welfare problem for horses is that people commonly fail to recognise, and consequently neglect to resolve, equine behavioural signs of distress, worsening the welfare of the horse and potentially putting the safety of the handler at risk as a result. Members of equestrian Facebook groups...
Working with laboratory rodents in Spain: a survey on welfare and wellbeing
| Contributor(s):: Goni-Balentziaga, O., Ortega-Saez, I., Vila, S., Azkona, G.
BackgroundReplacement, reduction and refinement, the 3R principles, provide a framework to minimize the use and suffering of animals in science. In this context, we aimed to determine the actual perception that individuals working with laboratory rodents in biomedical research have on animal...
'All ears': a questionnaire of 1516 owner perceptions of the mental abilities of pet rabbits, subsequent resource provision, and the effect on welfare
| Contributor(s):: McMahon, S. A., Wigham, E.
Pet rabbit welfare is a hidden crisis: Inappropriately housed, fed, and not routinely provided healthcare—rabbits can often suffer painful conditions and shortened lifespans. This study provides novel understanding of owners’ perceptions of rabbits’ mental capabilities; how this...
Perceptions and attitudes towards mules in a group of soldiers
| Contributor(s):: Lagos, J., Rojas, M., Rodrigues, J. B., Tadich, T.
Working equids play an essential role in the livelihoods of millions of families around the world. The way people, especially their caretakers, perceive them affects attitudes towards them and consequently their welfare. This study aimed to understand the perceptions and attitudes of soldiers...
Canine-Assisted Therapy (CAT): A nurse-initiated program to reduce patients' perception of pain and anxiety at a critical access hospital
| Contributor(s):: Victoria McCue, Molly Vlach, Sherry Stathers, Clair Hefner, Theresa Worden, Julie Erickson
Background/Purpose: The use of animals to promote or improve human health and wellbeing has a long history. However, it is yet to be recognized and accepted as either a complementary therapy or integrated into mainstream healthcare. Even though studies have reported the benefits of...
The Effect of Weight Carried and Time Ridden on Back Pain in Horses Ridden During Horse Shows as Determined by Pressure Algometry
| Contributor(s):: Meghan Louise Mothershead
The objective of this study was to determine the effects of weight carried (rider + tack) on back pain in horses used in riding classes and a series of intercollegiate horse shows. Sixteen school horses (431-649 kg) were ridden consistently over a semester. Cross sectional images were used to...
Conceptual and methodological issues relating to pain assessment in mammals: The development and utilisation of pain facial expression scales
| Contributor(s):: McLennan, Krista M., Miller, Amy L., Dalla Costa, Emanuela, Stucke, Diana, Corke, Murray J., Broom, Donald M., Leach, Matthew C.
Tail Docking of Canine Puppies: Reassessment of the Tail's Role in Communication, the Acute Pain Caused by Docking and Interpretation of Behavioural Responses
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| Contributor(s):: David J Mellor
Laws, regulations and professional standards increasingly aim to ban or restrict non-therapeutic tail docking in canine puppies. These constraints have usually been justified by reference to loss of tail participation in communication between dogs, the acute pain presumed to be caused during...
Dell Kay Bertino
Investigation of the Effects of Service Dogs on Individuals Who Use Wheelchairs
| Contributor(s):: Amanda Marie Reinsfelder
With modern medicine and advances in technology, people are living longer and expecting a higher quality of life. Individuals may not be receiving the ideal assistive devices because they are not sure where to obtain the proper equipment, or what is available. An increased flow of informational...
Changing human-animal relationships in sport: an analysis of the UK and Australian horse racing whips debates
| Contributor(s):: Graham, R., McManus, P.
Changing social values and new technologies have contributed to increasing media attention and debate about the acceptable use of animals in sport. This paper focuses on the use of the whip in thoroughbred horse racing. Those who defend its use argue it is a necessary tool needed for safety,...
Contribuição para o reconhecimento da dor oncológica em cães : possíveis indicadores de qualidade de vida e bem-estar
| Contributor(s):: Catarina Sofia Ferreira Duarte
A avaliação da dor nos animais de companhia é complexa e desafiante, existindo poucos estudos relativos à dor oncológica. O objectivo deste estudo consistiu pois na investigação de possíveis indicadores da qualidade de vida e bem-estar em...
Using the Horse Grimace Scale (HGS) to Assess Pain Associated with Acute Laminitis in Horses (Equus caballus)
| Contributor(s):: Emanuela Dalla Costa, Diana Stucke, Francesca Dai, Michela Minero, Matthew C. Leach, Dirk Lebelt
Acute laminitis is a common equine disease characterized by intense foot pain, both acutely and chronically. The Obel grading system is the most widely accepted method for describing the severity of laminitis by equine practitioners, however this method requires movement (walk and trot) of the...
The ethics of ear cropping
| Contributor(s):: Jennifer O'Rourke
Detecting horses' sickness: in search of visible signs
| Contributor(s):: Hausberger, M., Fureix, C., Lesimple, C.
Assessing sickness in animals, by which we refer to non-specific states involving both physical discomfort and negative emotional states, is a real challenge. In this review, we demonstrate the need for clear and simple indicators of sickness in horses, a species in which suffering is largely...
Assessment of aversion and unconsciousness during exposure to carbon dioxide at high concentration in lambs
| Contributor(s):: Rodriguez, P., Dalmau, A., Manteca, X., Litvan, H., Jensen, E. W., Velarde, A.
The most widely used stunning method in sheep is electrical. However, in lambs, this method leads to rupture of the blood vessels, provoking ecchymoses. In pigs ( Sus scrofa), the use of CO 2-stunning systems has increased in popularity due to positive effects on meat quality and animal welfare...
Making the case for developing alternative lameness scoring systems for dairy goats
| Contributor(s):: Vieira, A., Oliveira, M. D., Nunes, T., Stilwell, G.
Lameness is a behavioural indicator of pain that negatively affects dairy ruminants' health and welfare. Lameness is generally assessed by subjective methods, based on the observation of the animal's behaviour, using numerical rating scales (NRSs) - the most common scoring system - and...