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  1. A review of the welfare consequences of surgical castration in piglets and the evaluation of non-surgical methods

    Contributor(s):: Prunier, A., Bonneau, M., Borell, E. H. von, Cinotti, S., Gunn, M., Fredriksen, B., Giersing, M., Morton, D. B., Tuyttens, F. A. M., Velarde, A.

  2. Consumer attitudes towards alternatives to piglet castration without pain relief in organic farming: qualitative results from Germany

    Contributor(s):: Heid, A., Hamm, U.

  3. Assessment of acute pain experienced by piglets from ear tagging, ear notching and intraperitoneal injectable transponders

    Contributor(s):: Leslie, E., Hernandez-Jover, M., Newman, R., Holyoake, P.

    Suckling piglets are routinely identified to assist with their day-to-day management. A total of 120 suckling piglets were used to determine and compare the short-term pain responses to a number of identification methodologies, including: ear notching, ear tagging and intraperitoneal injection...

  4. Behavioural responses of juvenile steller sea lions to abdominal surgery: developing an assessment of post-operative pain

    Contributor(s):: Walker, K. A., Horning, M., Mellish, J. A. E., Weary, D. M.

    Marking and tracking of marine mammals is required to gain a better understanding of life history traits; however, some marking procedures used are likely painful. Recent technological advances include intra-abdominally implanted archival telemetry devices for the life-long monitoring of...

  5. Effects of an oral dose of acetyl salicylate at tail docking on the behaviour of lambs aged three to six weeks

    Contributor(s):: Pollard, J. C., Roos, V., Littlejohn, R. P.

    To investigate a practical method of providing analgesia for docking of lambs' tails, the effectiveness of an oral dose of aspirin (acetyl salicylate) in reducing discomfort behaviour immediately following application of elastrator rings, was evaluated. The study, conducted in New Zealand,...

  6. Behavior after ovariohysterectomy in the dog: what's normal?

    Contributor(s):: Hardie, E. M., Hansen, B. D., Carroll, G. S.

    Twenty dogs were anaesthetized, but did not undergo surgery (control group). 22 dogs underwent laparotomy and ovariohysterectomy (surgery group). Dogs in the control and surgery groups were further assigned on a random basis to either oxymorphone or placebo groups (group O or P). Dogs in group O...

  7. Effects of mulesing and alternative procedures to mulesing on the behaviour and physiology of lambs

    Contributor(s):: Hemsworth, P. H., Barnett, J. L., Karlen, G. M., Fisher, A. D., Butler, K. L., Arnold, N. A.

    Mulesing involves the surgical removal of skin adjacent to the perineum and tail without anaesthesia or analgesia in lambs. This procedure was developed to reduce the risk of flystrike (cutaneous myiasis) around the perineum. Alternative interventions to mulesing have historically been...

  8. Physiological measurements after ovariohysterectomy in dogs: what's normal?

    Contributor(s):: Hansen, B. D., Hardie, E. M., Carroll, G. S.

    Twenty-two pet dogs presented to the North Carolina State University Veterinary Teaching Hospital for elective ovariohysterectomy were treated with oxymorphone 2.5 mg/msuperscript 2 (Surgery-O group, 11 dogs) or placebo (Surgery-P group, 11 dogs) immediately before the induction of anaesthesia...

  9. Voluntary ingestion of buprenorphine in mice

    Contributor(s):: Jacobsen, K. R., Kalliokoski, O., Hau, J., Abelson, K. S. P.

    Buprenorphine is a widely used analgesic for laboratory rodents. Administration of the drug in a desirable food item for voluntary ingestion is an attractive way to administer the drug non-invasively. However, it is vital that the animals ingest the buprenorphine-food-item mix as desired. The...

  10. Pain control in small-animal patients

    Contributor(s):: Sawyer, D. C.

  11. Training in behaviour-based post-operative pain scoring in rats - an evaluation based on improved recognition of analgesic requirements

    Contributor(s):: Roughan, J. V., Flecknell, P. A.

    The objective of the study was to evaluate whether an objective technique based on quantitative behaviour analysis represents a methodological improvement upon a simple subjective approach for assessing post-operative pain in rats. Data were collected during three Phases from 332...

  12. Pain and anxiety behaviors of dogs during intravenous catheterization after premedication with placebo, acepromazine or oxymorphone

    Contributor(s):: Light, G. S., Hardie, E. M., Young, M. S., Hellyer, P. W., Brownie, C., Hansen, B. D.

    Thirteen dog behaviours (struggling, rigid shivering, wide-eyed facial expression, vocalization, biting, limb withdrawal, orientating, breath holding, panting, hiding, salivation and activity requiring muzzling) were given a scale from 0 (absent) to 4 (present to a great extent) by teams of 3...

  13. A first description of the physiological and behavioural responses to disbudding in goat kids

    Contributor(s):: Alvarez, L., Gutierrez, J.

    In order to determine the stress response to disbudding, physiological and behavioural response was investigated in disbudded kids and compared with a control group. Disbudded kids (n=14), were disbudded by thermal cauterisation, and control kids (n=15) received the same management without being...

  14. A preliminary study of behaviour-based indicators of pain in cats

    Contributor(s):: Waran, N., Best, L., Williams, V., Salinsky, J., Dale, A., Clarke, N.

    The aim of this preliminary study was to identify key behavioural indicators of pain in cats. The behaviour of cats before and after ovariohysterectomy was analysed using a detailed behavioural ethogram. A comparison of behaviours between cats given pre-operative analgesia only and cats given...

  15. Assessing pain in animals

    Contributor(s):: Rutherford, K. M. D.

  16. Development of the short-form Glasgow Composite Measure Pain Scale (CMPS-SF) and derivation of an analgesic intervention score

    Contributor(s):: Reid, J., Nolan, A. M., Hughes, J. M. L., Lascelles, D., Pawson, P., Scott, E. M.

    The Glasgow Composite Measure Pain Scale (CMPS) for dogs suffering acute pain, developed using psychometric methodology, measures pain to a level of precision suitable for clinical trials. However, for routine clinical use, where the emphasis is on speed, ease of use, and guidance for analgesia...

  17. Potential behavioural indicators of post-operative pain in male laboratory rabbits following abdominal surgery

    Contributor(s):: Farnworth, M. J., Walker, J. K., Schweizer, K. A., Chuang, C. L., Guild, S. J., Barrett, C. J., Leach, M. C., Waran, N. K.

    This study aimed to identify behaviours that could be used to assess post-operative pain and analgesic efficacy in male rabbits. In consideration of the 'Three Rs', behavioural data were collected on seven male New Zealand White rabbits in an ethically approved experiment requiring abdominal...