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Tags: pastures + Cattle

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  1. Assessing dairy cow welfare at the beginning and end of the indoor period using the Welfare Quality (R) protocol

    Contributor(s):: de Graaf, S., Ampe, B., Tuyttens, F. A. M.

  2. Preference of beef cattle for feedlot or pasture environments

    Contributor(s):: Lee, Caroline, Fisher, Andrew D., Colditz, Ian G., Lea, Jim M., Ferguson, Drewe M.

    Intensive feedlot finishing is perceived to affect welfare because cattle cannot perform normal behaviours evident in pasture environments. The objective of this study was to determine cattle preference for spending time at pasture (5ha) or in a feedlot (25×10m) under pastures with differing feed...

  3. Winter housing conditions of cows of the Hérens breed do not influence fighting but modulate spacing behaviour on alpine pastures

    Contributor(s):: Castro, Isabelle M. L., Gygax, Lorenz, Wechsler, Beat, Hauser, Rudolf

    Cows of the Hérens breed are typically kept in small herds and three types of winter housing conditions feature in practical application: tie-barns with minimal winter outdoor exercise, this being taken singly or in pairs (“minimal exercise”), tie-barns with daily exercise as a complete herd...

  4. Effect of feed allowance at pasture on the lying behaviour of dairy cows

    Contributor(s):: O’Driscoll, Keelin, Lewis, Eva, Kennedy, Emer

    In temperate climates where cows are primarily managed at pasture shortages of grass could result in nutritional deficits for the cow and may have a variety of behavioural consequences. Lying behaviour is one of the most researched aspects of dairy cow behaviour, and can provide insights into cow...

  5. The behaviour of housed dairy cattle with and without pasture access: A review

    Contributor(s):: Charlton, Gemma L., Rutter, S. Mark

    With more dairy cows being housed indoors, for at least part of the year, it is important to understand how housing impacts on ‘normal behaviour’ and the implications for cow welfare. For cows on pasture, nutritional requirements and climatic conditions are the major concerns, whilst indoor...

  6. Daytime summer access to pasture vs. free-stall barn in dairy cows with year-long outdoor experience: A case study

    Contributor(s):: Shepley, Elise, Bergeron, Reneé, Vasseur, Elsa

    With its documented health and behavioural benefits, one would expect dairy cows to have near unconditional preference for pasture. However, dairy cow preference is multifaceted with numerous factors contributing to the choices and or actions of the cow. Experience is one such factor that may...

  7. Behavioural response of pure Ankole and crossbred (Ankole×Holstein) cows to seasonal pasture variations in south-western Uganda

    Contributor(s):: Idibu, Joachine, Kabi, Fred, Mpairwe, Denis

    This study evaluated the effects of season and pasture species on variations in sward composition, pasture quantity (plant-height and biomass) and quality [crude protein (CP), neutral detergent fibre (NDF) and in vitro organic matter digestibility (IVOMD)]. Behavioural responses of a group of 10...

  8. The effect of free-stall versus strawyard housing and access to pasture on dairy cow locomotor activity and time budget

    Contributor(s):: Shepley, Elise, Lensink, Joop, Leruste, Hélène, Vasseur, Elsa

    Dairy housing systems can have major implications on how freely cows move within their environment and how fully they can express their behavioral repertoire, impacting overall welfare. To ensure housing systems are meeting the needs of the dairy cow, more information is needed on the best method...

  9. Do dairy cattle use a woodchip bedded area to rest on when managed on pasture in summer?

    Contributor(s):: Schütz, Karin E., Huddart, Frances J., Cave, Vanessa M.

    Previous studies have demonstrated that dairy cattle prefer pasture over indoor conditions especially at nighttime, which suggests they perceive pasture as an attractive place to rest. Indeed, cows avoid and spend less time lying on hard surfaces, such as concrete or mattresses, compared to...

  10. Behavioural and physiological responses to pest flies in pastured dairy cows treated with a natural repellent

    Contributor(s):: Woolley, Carrie E., Lachance, Simon, DeVries, Trevor J., Bergeron, Renée

    The effects of reducing fly attack intensity, using an essential oil fly repellent, on fly avoidance behaviour, grazing, milk production and stress was evaluated. Twenty Holstein dairy cows on pasture were divided into two groups of 10, which were alternatively treated with the repellent, or left...

  11. A Case Study of Behaviour and Performance of Confined or Pastured Cows During the Dry Period

    Contributor(s):: Randi A. Black, Peter D. Krawczel

    The objectives of this study were to determine the effect of the dry cow management system (pasture or confined) on: (1) lying behaviour and activity; (2) feeding and heat stress behaviours; (3) intramammary infections, postpartum. Non-lactating Holstein cows were assigned to either deep-bedded,...

  12. Silvopastoral systems for sustainable animal production and the role of animal welfare

    Contributor(s):: Broom, D.

  13. Behavioural response of pure Ankole and crossbred (Ankole * Holstein) cows to seasonal pasture variations in south-western Uganda

    Contributor(s):: Idibu, J., Kabi, F., Mpairwe, D.

    This study evaluated the effects of season and pasture species on variations in sward composition, pasture quantity (plant-height and biomass) and quality [crude protein (CP), neutral detergent fibre (NDF) and in vitro organic matter digestibility (IVOMD)]. Behavioural responses of a group of 10...

  14. Daily grazing time of dairy cows is recorded accurately using the Lifecorder Plus device

    Contributor(s):: Delagarde, R., Lamberton, P.

    Accurate estimation of daily grazing time and nycthemeral grazing pattern in ruminant nutrition research may result in a better understanding of sward-animal interactions and of the behavioural constraints affecting daily intake at pasture. Portable devices which automatically record grazing...

  15. Effect of feed allowance at pasture on lying behaviour and locomotory ability of dairy cows

    Contributor(s):: O'Driscoll, K., Lewis, E., Kennedy, E.

    In temperate climates where cows are primarily managed at pasture shortages of grass could result in nutritional deficits for the cow and thus pose a challenge to her welfare. This study investigated the effect of daily herbage allowance (DHA) on dairy cow lying behaviour, locomotory ability, and...

  16. Oral behaviors of beef steers in pen and pasture environments

    Contributor(s):: Ishiwata, T., Uetake, K., Kilgour, R. J., Eguchi, Y., Tanaka, T.

    This study observed the behavioral characteristics of 122 steers in eight pens and 1,136 steers at six pastures. Nonhuman animals kept in pens performed less nutritive oral behaviors and more nonnutritive oral behaviors than animals kept at pasture. Although these could not be described as...

  17. The human-animal interface of domestic livestock management and production and its relationship to brucellosis in the country of Georgia 2010: a rapid assessment analysis

    Contributor(s):: Havas, K. A., Ramishvili, M., Navdarashvili, A., Imnadze, P., Salman, M.

  18. Global Animal Partnership's 5-Step<sup>TM</sup> Animal Welfare Rating Standards: a welfare-labelling scheme that allows for continuous improvement

    Contributor(s):: Duncan, I. J. H., Park, M., Malleau, A. E.

  19. Activity bout criteria for grazing dairy cows

    Contributor(s):: Rook, A. J., Huckle, C. A.

    Data on the eating, ruminating and idling activity of grazing dairy cows recorded to a resolution of 1 min were used to study the choice of activity bout criteria and the implications of this choice. An inter-bout length of 5 min was found to be suitable for all 3 activity categories across a...

  20. An automatic system to record foraging behaviour in free-ranging ruminants

    Contributor(s):: Rutter, S. M., Champion, R. A., Penning, P. D.

    Precise measurements of grazing behaviour are required to develop an understanding of the factors affecting the foraging behaviour of free-ranging domestic ruminants. An automatic, microcomputer-based system for the digital recording of the jaw movements of free-ranging cattle and sheep is...