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  1. The Effects of Reward-Based Training on the Behavioral Assessment of the Domestic Dog

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Shelby Vandergraff

    Contrary to popular belief, pet overpopulation is caused more by owners failing to keep their dog than with accidental or intentional breeding (Moulton et al., 1991). Factors related to relinquishment have been researched, and concluded that behavioral problems are the most reoccurring reasons...

  2. A Comparison of Chimpanzee (Pan Troglodytes) Responses to Caregiver Use of Positive Reinforcement Training (PRT) and Species-Specific Behaviors (SSB)

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Whitney D. Emge

    The present study compared the effects of positive reinforcement training (PRT) and unstructured interactions (UI) on chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) behavior. In the PRT condition, a caregiver interacted with a chimpanzee to condition behaviors for 10 min. In the UI condition, a caregiver...

  3. Expression of Behavioural Traits in Goldendoodles and Labradoodles

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Victoria L. Shouldice, A. Michelle Edwards, James A. Serpell, Lee Niel, J. Andrew B. Robinson

    As crossbred dogs gain in popularity, how they express inherited behaviour traits in comparison to their purebred constituent breeds is of interest. We investigated behaviours exhibited by crossbred dogs by focusing on the popular Goldendoodle and Labradoodle crossbreds and comparing them to...

  4. Only When It Feels Good: Specific Cat Vocalizations Other Than Meowing

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jaciana Luzia Fermo, Maria Alice Schnaider, Adelaide Hercília Pescatori Silva, Carla Forte Maiolino Molento

    Our objective was to identify and characterize the types of vocalization other than meowing (VOM) in two contexts, a pleasant and an aversive situation, and to study the effect of the sex of the animal. A total of 74 cats (32 tom cats and 42 queens) living in the city of Curitiba, Brazil,...

  5. Stabilitet i atferd og emosjoner hos hund fra 3 måneder og frem til 15 måneders alder

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Charlotte S. Mikkelsen, Anne Marit Rød, Katrine H. Støkken

    Del 1: Hunden blir ofte sett på som menneskets beste venn. For å få en bedre forståelse av hundens atferd, har vi sett nærmere på: hundens domestisering, hva atferd er, samt atferdsutvikling og atferdsproblemer. Domestiseringen er en viktig del av hundens...

  6. Exploring women's oxytocin responses to interactions with their pet cats

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Johnson, E. A., Portillo, A., Bennett, N. E., Gray, P. B.

    BACKGROUND: Extensive research has evaluated the involvement of the neuropeptide oxytocin (OT) in human social behaviors, including parent-infant relationships. Studies have investigated OT's connection to human attachment to nonhuman animals, with the majority of the literature focusing on...

  7. Review: From human-animal relation practice research to the development of the livestock farmer's activity: an ergonomics-applied ethology interaction

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Beaujouan, J., Cromer, D., Boivin, X.

    Animal husbandry and working conditions for livestock farmers have changed significantly in recent years as agriculture has been exposed to economic as well as health, environmental and ethical challenges. The idea of interdependent welfare between humans and animals is more relevant now than...

  8. Repeated separations between a future guide dog and its foster family modify stress-related indicators and affect dog's focus

    | Contributor(s):: Menuge, F., Marcet-Rius, M., Chabaud, C., Teruel, E., Berthelot, C., Kalonji, G., Bienboire-Frosini, C., Mendonca, T., Lascar, E., Pageat, P.

  9. Does enclosure size influence the behaviour & welfare of captive snakes (Pantherophis guttatus)?

    | Contributor(s):: Hoehfurtner, Tatjana, Wilkinson, Anna, Walker, Matthew, Burman, Oliver H P.

  10. A rein tension signal can be reduced by half in a single training session

    | Contributor(s):: Eisersiö, Marie, Yngvesson, Jenny, Byström, Anna, Baragli, Paolo, Egenvall, Agneta

  11. Pets in society

    | Contributor(s):: Dean, R. W.

  12. 'stray appetites': a socio-ecological analysis of free-ranging dogs living alongside human communities in Bangalore, India

    | Contributor(s):: Bhalla, S. J., Kemmers, R., Vasques, A., Vanak, A. T.

  13. Interdisciplinary research to advance animal welfare science: an introduction

    | Contributor(s):: Camerlink, I.

  14. Serum Cortisol Concentrations and Behavior Assessment as Tools for Evaluating Stress in Horses Used in Therapeutic or University Riding Programs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Shikun Chen

    Stress is known to have a negative impact on the health and well-being of animals. Physiological and behavioral changes offer objective and easy to use methods of evaluating stress in horses. However, there are limited studies showing a relationship between changes in stress-related behavior...

  15. Potential Risk Factors for Aggression and Playfulness in Cats: Examination of a Pooling Fallacy Using Fe-BARQ as an Example

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Noema Gajdoš Kmecová, Barbara Petková, Jana Kottferová, Rachel Sarah Wannell, Daniel Simon Mills

    Using a popular method of behaviour evaluation which rates the intensity of behaviour in different contexts, we demonstrate how pooling item scores relating to a given construct can reveal different potential risk factors for the dependent variable depending on how the total score is...

  16. Evaluating Cognitive and Behavioral Outcomes in Conjunction with the Secure Base Effect for Dogs in Shelter and Foster Environments

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lauren E. Thielke, Monique A. R. Udell

    Although it is widely accepted that dogs and humans form attachment relationships, characterizing attachment styles in dogs has only recently received attention in the literature. Previous research has shown that pet dogs display patterns of behavior in an attachment test that can be classified...

  17. Why the "Visitor Effect" Is Complicated. Unraveling Individual Animal, Visitor Number, and Climatic Influences on Behavior, Space Use and Interactions With Keepers—A Case Study on Captive Hornbills

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Paul E. Rose, Jake S. Scales, James E. Brereton

    A “visitor effect” on zoo-housed species has been documented since the 1970s, with research focused on mammals (specifically primates). To broaden our understanding of the “visitor effect” in a non-mammal, we conducted a case study on a pair of hornbills, recording...

  18. Sex differences in the herding styles of working sheepdogs and their handlers

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Erin Kydd, Paul McGreevy

    Working sheepdog trials test the attributes of dogs as well as the dogmanship and stockmanship skills of handlers. They generally include standard elements such as outrun, lift, fetch, drive, shed, pen and single to test all facets of the work that dogs perform on a farm. While both male and...

  19. The Perceived Impact of The First UK COVID-19 Lockdown on Companion Animal Welfare and Behaviour: A Mixed-Method Study of Associations with Owner Mental Health

    | Contributor(s):: Shoesmith, Emily, Santos de Assis, Luciana, Shahab, Lion, Ratschen, Elena, Toner, Paul, Kale, Dimitra, Reeve, Catherine, Mills, Daniel S.

  20. Inexperienced but still interested – Indoor-only cats are more inclined for predatory play than cats with outdoor access

    | Contributor(s):: Shajid Pyari, Muhzina, Uccheddu, Stefania, Lenkei, Rita, Pongrácz, Péter