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  1. Can the Visits of Dogs (Canis lupus familiaris) Influence the Mental Health (Anxiety and Depression) of Male Aging Patients Institutionalized with Dementia in Health Care Units? A Pilot Study of Madeira Island, Portugal

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: S. Vasconcelos, J. Azevedo, C. Casanova, H. Jardim, D. Neto, S. Jardim, C. Viegas

    Despite the fact that in the last decades, several mental health studies have shown that companion animals contribute to psychological and social well- being in humans (e.g., positive impacts have been observed in the elderly medicated for chronic diseases such as anxiety, dementia, and...

  2. Assessing Risks to Wildlife from Free-Roaming Hybrid Cats: The Proposed Introduction of Pet Savannah Cats to Australia as a Case Study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Christopher R. Dickman, Sarah M. Legge, John C. Z. Woinarski

    Hybrid cats—created by crossing different species within the family Felidae—are popular pets, but they could potentially threaten native species if they escape and establish free-roaming populations. To forestall this possibility, the Australian government imposed a specific ban on...

  3. Weber's Law and the Scalar Property of Timing: A Test of Canine Timing

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jessica H. Cliff, Surrey M. K. Jackson, James S. McEwan, Lewis A. Bizo

    Domestic dogs completed a temporal bisection procedure that required a response to one lever following a light stimulus of short duration and to another lever following a light stimulus of a longer duration. The short and long durations across the four conditions were (0.5–2.0 s,...

  4. Invisible Paw Prints

    Full-text: Available

    Invisible Paw Prints, Inc., is an organization led by compassionate volunteers who use their canine companions to provide heartwarming visits in support of local community organizations.  

  5. Developing and Assessing the Validity of a Scale to Assess Pet Dog Quality of Life: Lincoln P-QoL

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sophie S. Hall, Beverley J. Brown, Daniel S. Mills

    There has been little investment in exploring the impact of the child-dog relationship on the dog. Since child-dog interactions can pose potentially serious threats to a dog’s physical and psychological health, as well as the wider satisfaction of the owner with their dog, we describe...

  6. The Impact of Animals with Struggling Readers

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jennifer Heyer

    The purpose of this thesis was to evaluate the impact that dogs have with students that struggle with reading. Several programs have been implemented where students spend time reading books to dogs. During these reading sessions, students tend to be more relaxed and confident with their...

  7. Revisiting a Previously Validated Temperament Test in Shelter Dogs, Including an Examination of the Use of Fake Model Dogs to Assess Conspecific Sociability

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Shanis Barnard, Danielle Kennedy, Reuben Watson, Paola Valsecchi, Gareth Arnott

    This study assessed the feasibility and reproducibility of a previously validated temperament test (TT) for shelter dogs. The test was developed to measure dog behaviour in the kennel, and traits of sociability towards people and other dogs, docility to leash, playfulness, cognitive skills, and...

  8. The Effect of Tree Width on Thoracolumbar and Limb Kinematics, Saddle Pressure Distribution, and Thoracolumbar Dimensions in Sports Horses in Trot and Canter

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Russell MacKechnie-Guire, Erik MacKechnie-Guire, Vanessa Fairfax, Diana Fisher, Mark Fisher, Thilo Pfau

    This study evaluated the effect of saddle tree width on thoracolumbar and limb kinematics, saddle pressure distribution, and thoracolumbar epaxial musculature dimensions. Correctly fitted saddles were fitted by a Society of Master Saddler Qualified Saddle Fitter in fourteen sports horses (mean...

  9. Sex differences in the herding styles of working sheepdogs and their handlers

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Erin Kydd, Paul McGreevy

    Working sheepdog trials test the attributes of dogs as well as the dogmanship and stockmanship skills of handlers. They generally include standard elements such as outrun, lift, fetch, drive, shed, pen and single to test all facets of the work that dogs perform on a farm. While both male and...

  10. The Welfare of Pig-Hunting Dogs in Australia

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Bronwyn Orr, Richard Malik, Jacqui Norris, Mark Westman

    Hunting feral pigs using dogs is a popular recreational activity in Australia. Dogs are used to flush, chase, bail, and hold feral pigs, and their use for these activities is legal in some states and territories and illegal in others. However, there is little knowledge about the health and...

  11. The Effect of Animal-Assisted Therapy on Nursing Student Anxiety

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Della Anderson

    College students have high levels of stress, anxiety, and loneliness (Stewart , Dispenza, Parker, Chang, & Cunnien, 2014). College campus counselors strive to combat this stress and meet student needs through creative solutions (Stewart et al., 2014). Nursing student stress has a major...

  12. Achieving change through horses: Peter van Dommele at TEDxBilbao

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Peter van Dommele

  13. Do we understand what it means for dogs to experience emotion?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lasana T. Harris

    Psychologists who study humans struggle to agree on a definition of emotion, falling primarily into two camps. Though recent neuroscience advances are beginning to settle this ancient debate, it cannot solve the private-language problem at the heart of inferences about social cognition. This...

  14. Increased Flight Initiation Distance (FID) in Golden Marmots (Marmota caudata aurea) Responding to Domestic Dogs in A Landscape of Human Disturbance

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Muhammad Zaman, Bryony A. Tolhurst, Mengyan Zhu, Guangshun Jiang

    Humans and dogs initiate measurable escape responses in wild animals including flight initiation distance (FID), with potentially negative consequences. Golden marmots are important prey for endangered carnivores and are subject to human persecution including via marmot baiting with dogs. We...

  15. Effects of human-animal interactions on affect and cognition

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Elise Thayer, Jeffrey Stevens

    Human-animal interaction has clear positive effects on people’s affect and stress. But less is known about how animal interactions influence cognition. We draw parallels between animal interactions and exposure to natural environments, a research area that shows clear improvements in...

  16. Intestinal parasites and risk factors in dogs and cats from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

    | Contributor(s):: Arruda, I. F., Ramos, R. C. F., Barbosa, A. da S., Abboud, L. C. de S., Reis, I. C. dos, Millar, P. R., Amendoeira, M. R. R.

  17. Assistance, service, emotional support, and therapy dogs

    | Contributor(s):: McMichael, M. A., Singletary, M.

  18. Skin diseases of different etiology in dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Stolbova, O. A.

  19. The earliest domestic cat on the Silk Road

    | Contributor(s):: Haruda, A. F., Miller, A. R. V., Paijmans, J. L. A., Barlow, A., Tazhekeyev, A., Bilalov, S., Hesse, Y., Preick, M., King, T., Thomas, R., Harke, H., Arzhantseva, I.

  20. Equestrian activities in Romania: the vaulting discipline

    | Contributor(s):: Bochis, F.