The HABRI Central Team continues to monitor emerging research and information about the COVID-19 pandemic. Visit our collection of resources, https://habricentral.org/features/covid-19
Analysis of dog adoption success and failure using surveys with vignettes
Contributor(s):: Hill, S. E., Murphy, N. C.
Adoption success of dogs who serve as companion animals was analyzed via surveys with vignettes. The researchers administered surveys with vignettes to animal shelter employees, veterinarians, and other animal-care professionals in Eastern North Carolina. Logistic and linear regression analyses...
Shelter-specific occupational stress among employees in animal shelters
Contributor(s):: Schneider, M., Roberts, J.
In the past 10 years a small number of articles have examined the personal and organizational costs associated with euthanasia-related strain among employees in animal shelters. However, there is very little research focusing on a wider range of potential stressors especially without a...
Kangaroo harvesters and the euthanasia of orphaned young-at-foot: applying the theory of planned behaviour to an animal welfare issue
Contributor(s):: Sharp, T. M., McLeod, S. R.
When female kangaroos are shot during commercial harvesting, it is a requirement that dependent young-at-foot are euthanased. However, there are anecdotal reports that harvesters either cannot euthanase young-at-foot (eg they do not see them or they flee) or will not (eg they do not think it is...
Are emotionally attached companion animal caregivers conscientious and neurotic? factors that affect the human-companion animal relationship
Contributor(s):: Reevy, G. M., Delgado, M. M.
Few studies have examined how personality traits may be related to the amounts and types of attachments humans have toward companion animals (pets). In this study, 1,098 companion animal guardians (owners) completed a survey that included the Big Five Inventory, the Lexington Attachment to Pets...
Reaching down and finding humanity: military personnel's experiences of adopting dogs while on deployment
Contributor(s):: Taylor, M. F., Pooley, J. A., Edwards, M.
It is conservatively estimated that 12% of all American soldiers who served in the Iraq and Afghanistan fields of engagement have returned home with psychological problems. Research that investigates the psychological underpinnings of these problems is pertinent to meeting the mental health needs...
Behavioral management at the Phoenix Zoo: new strategies and perspectives
Contributor(s):: Tresz, H.
It all started with a seemingly simple decision to re-evaluate and document the Phoenix Zoo's behavioral management protocol. The purpose of this project was to present proactive standards for the care and psychological well-being of our living collection, while meeting or exceeding the...
Employee reactions and adjustment to euthanasia-related work: identifying turning-point events through retrospective narratives
Contributor(s):: Reeve, C. L., Spitzmuller, C., Rogelberg, S. G., Walker, A., Schultz, L., Clark, O.
This study used a retrospective narrative procedure to examine the critical events that influence reactions and adjustment to euthanasia-related work of 35 employees who have stayed in the animal care and welfare field for at least 2 years. Data were collected at the 2002 Animal Care Expo held in...
Investigating some of the factors that influence "consumer" choice when adopting a shelter dog in the United Kingdom
Contributor(s):: Siettou, C., Fraser, I. M., Fraser, R. W.
This study examined which characteristics of dogs available at a large rehoming organization in the United Kingdom influenced prospective adopters' choices. The revealed preference data used to model "consumer" choice were from the Dogs Trust rehoming web pages. The analysis of the probability of...
What shelters can do about euthanasia-related stress: an examination of recommendations from those on the front line
Contributor(s):: Rogelberg, S. G., Digiacomo, N., Reeve, C. L., Spitzmuller, C., Clark, O. L., Teeter, L., Walker, A. G., Carter, N. T., Starling, P. G.
Shelter employees with euthanasia responsibilities are an at-risk population for a variety of psychological and emotional ailments. This study surveyed 305 employees from 62 shelters throughout the United States to gather first-hand perspectives on what should be done to assist shelter workers in...
Animal-assisted interventions in children's hospitals: a critical review of the literature
Contributor(s):: Chur-Hansen, A., McArthur, M., Winefield, H., Hanieh, E., Hazel, S.
There is a perception in the scientific and general communities that hospitalized children benefit from visits by animals. Animal-assisted interventions (AAI), including animal-assisted therapy and animal-assisted activities, usually involving dogs, are thus employed in pediatric hospitals....
Behaviour of laboratory mice is altered by light pollution within the housing environment
Contributor(s):: Bedrosian, T. A., Vaughn, C. A., Weil, Z. M., Nelson, R. J.
A survey of the attitudes of stakeholders in the zoo industry towards the husbandry requirements of captive Great Apes
Contributor(s):: Fernie, A. C., Tribe, A., Murray, P. J., Lisle, A., Phillips, C. J. C.
Auditing animal welfare and making practical improvements in beef-, pork- and sheep-slaughter plants
Contributor(s):: Grandin, T.
Identifying reasons for stun failures in slaughterhouses for cattle and pigs: a field study
Contributor(s):: Wenzlawowicz, M. von, Holleben, K. von, Eser, E.
Plasma cortisol and noradrenalin concentrations in pigs: automated sampling of freely moving pigs housed in the PigTurnReg. versus manually sampled and restrained pigs
Contributor(s):: Marchant-Forde, J. N., Matthews, D. L., Poletto, R., McCain, R. R., Mann, D. D., DeGraw, R. T., Hampsch, J. M., Peters, S., Knipp, G. T., Kissinger, C. B.
The welfare of low-volume farm animals during transport and at slaughter: a review of current knowledge and recommendations for future research
Contributor(s):: Bornett-Gauci, H. L. I., Martin, J. E., Arney, D. R.
Impact of euthanasia rates, euthanasia practices, and human resource practices on employee turnover in animal shelters
Contributor(s):: Rogelberg, S. G., Reeve, C. L., Spitzmuller, C., DiGiacomo, N., Clark, O. L., Teeter, L., Walker, A. G., Starling, P. G., Carter, N. T.
The effects of personality of keepers and tigers ( Panthera tigris tigris ) on their behaviour in an interactive zoo exhibit
Contributor(s):: Phillips, C., Peck, D.
Personalities can be determined for individual animals from their distinctive patterns of behaviour, providing that they are consistent across time and situations. Although there have been no previous studies of the role of personality in keeper:tiger interactions in zoos/wildlife parks, previous...
Stunning and killing of edible crabs ( Cancer pagurus )
Contributor(s):: Roth, B., Oines, S.
The stunning and killing efficiency of ice, superchilling (N2 gas), freezing (-37 degrees C), gradual heating (40 degrees C), boiling, piercing of ganglia, salt baths (NaCl and KCl), gas (CO2) and electricity (50 Hz AC) on edible crabs was studied. Results showed that electricity was the most...