WHO REALLY NEEDS HELP? THE ANIMALS?
Contributor(s):: Erasmo de Oliveira
In 2004, a tsunami killed one hundred thousand people in eight Asian countries. Hours before the giant wave reached the continent, ALL animals, without exception, spontaneously sought shelter in lands far from the coast and were saved ...Living with pets only brings benefits to the Human...
Anna Clark Anna Clark
Branding Practices on Four Dairies in Kantale, Sri Lanka
| Contributor(s):: Sarah J. J. Adcock, Cassandra B. Tucker, Gayani Weerasinghe, Eranda Rajapaksha
Hot-iron branding is illegal in Sri Lanka, but is still commonly used to identify dairy herds in extensive farming systems, which are primarily located in the country’s Dry Zone. Despite the negative welfare implications of this practice, there is no written documentation of branding in...
Serving Pets in Poverty: A New Frontier for the Animal Welfare Movement
| Contributor(s):: Amanda Arrington, Michael Markarian
On God and Dogs: A Christian Theology of Compassion for Animals [review] / Stephen H. Webb.
| Contributor(s):: Brian W. Hopper
Free Mate Choice Enhances Conservation Breeding in the Endangered Giant Panda
| Contributor(s):: Meghan S. Martin-Wintle, David Shepherdson, Guiquan Zhang, Hemin Zhang, Desheng Li, Xiaoping Zhou, Rengui Li, Ronald R. Swaisgood
Conservation breeding programmes have become an increasingly important tool to save endangered species, yet despite the allocation of significant resources, efforts to create self-sustaining populations have met with limited success. The iconic giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) embodies the...
A One Health Research Framework for Animal-Assisted Interventions
| Contributor(s):: Karin Hediger, Andrea Meisser, Jakob Zinsstag
Background: The integration of animals into healthcare, referred to as animal-assisted intervention, is a rapidly growing research field and was previously related to One Health. However, the assessment of synergistic effects of animal-assisted interventions (AAI) has been poorly addressed to...
Brexit and Animal Protection: Legal and Political Context and a Framework to Assess Impacts on Animal Welfare
| Contributor(s):: Steven P. McCulloch
The British people voted to leave the European Union (EU) in a 2016 referendum. The United Kingdom (UK) has been a member of the EU since the Maastricht Treaty was signed in 1993 and before that a member of the European Communities (EC) since 1973. EU animal health and welfare regulations and...
Efforts to Ban the Routine Tail Docking of Pigs and to Give Pigs Enrichment Materials via EU Law: Where Do We Stand a Quarter of a Century on?
| Contributor(s):: Elena Nalon, Nancy De Briyne
In its role as guardian of the Treaties, the European Commission must ensure that Member States enforce EU law within their territories. If adequate enforcement is found to be wanting, the Commission also has the power to take infringement procedures as a corrective measure. The case of...
Saving lives by taking a one health approach : connecting human, animal, and environmental health
| Contributor(s):: National Center for Emerging Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (U.S.). One Health Office
More than half of all infections that people can get can be spread by animals. Diseases like rabies, Salmonella, and West Nile virus infections are examples of zoonotic diseases (or zoonoses)—diseases that can be shared between animals and people. Every year, tens of thousands of...
Lameness in Sheltered Cows and Its Association with Cow and Shelter Attributes
| Contributor(s):: Arvind Sharma, Clive J. C. Phillips
The sheltering of old, unproductive and abandoned cows in traditional cow shelters, known as gaushalas, has been practiced in India since ancient times. Cows are kept in these shelters until they die of natural causes. The welfare of the cows in these shelters was assessed through a...
Aplicabilidad del protocolo Welfare Quality® para medir bienestar animal en crianzas de sistemas de producción de bovinos de leche nacionales
| Contributor(s):: Claudia Andrea Bottaro Morosetti
En este trabajo se estudia la aplicabilidad en Chile, del protocolo diseñado por el proyecto Welfare Quality ® para evaluar el bienestar animal en crianzas de bovinos de leche. Para esto, se aplicaron en 13 lecherías del país, cuatro pruebas directas (Distancia de Fuga...
Effect of Pets on Human Behavior and Stress in Disaster
| Contributor(s):: Aki Tanaka, Jun Saeki, Shin-ichi Hayama, Philip H. Kass
Animal-related consequences were not anticipated in disaster preparedness planning in Japan at the time of its massive earthquakes in 2011. Evacuation failure was quite common due to pet ownership in this disaster. Public attention to the welfare of affected animals in this disaster triggered an...
One Health Surveillance: A Matrix to Evaluate Multisectoral Collaboration
| Contributor(s):: Marion Bordier, Camille Delavenne, Dung Thuy Thi Nguyen, Flavie Luce Goutard, Pascal Hendrikx
The international community and governmental organizations are actively calling for the implementation of One Health (OH) surveillance systems to target health hazards that involve humans, animals, and their environment. In our view, the main characteristic of a OH surveillance system is the...
Ethics and code of conduct in zoo management
| Contributor(s):: Rita Bahne
There are around 1 million wild animals living in the 10,000-12,000 zoos worldwide. They include zoological parks, biological parks, safari parks, public aquariums, bird parks, reptile parks and insectariums. Zoo tourism is both domestic and international. The purpose of this research thesis...
Using detection dogs and RSPF models to assess habitat suitability for bears in Greater Yellowstone
| Contributor(s):: Jon P. Beckmann, Lisette P. Waits, Aimee Hurt, Alice Whitelaw, Scott Bergen
In the northern U.S. Rockies, including the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem (GYE), connectivity is a concern because large carnivores have difficulties dispersing successfully between protected areas. One area of high conservation value because of its importance for connecting the GYE to...
Animals in Research and Education: Ethical Issues
| Contributor(s):: Laura Jane Bishop, Anita Lonnes Nolen
Scientific inquiry is inexorably tied to animal experimentation in the popular imagination and human history. Many, if not most, of the spectacular innovations in the medical understanding and treatment of today’s human maladies have been based on research using animals. However, the use...
Let's rethink our society, which recycle CANS and discards living beings
| Contributor(s):: Erasmo de Oliveira
“Let’s rethink our society, which recycleCANS and discards living beings”ErasmodeOliveira(Animal Defender)Adoption of stray animals is a big social medicament, a factor to increase quality of life, which solves the abandonment of animals, avoids accidents of...
Zoo Animal Welfare: The Human Dimension
| Contributor(s):: Cole, Justine, Fraser, David
Standards and policies intended to safeguard nonhuman animal welfare, whether in zoos, farms, or laboratories, have tended to emphasize features of the physical environment. However, research has now made it clear that very different welfare outcomes are commonly seen in facilities using similar...
Which Wild Aardvarks Are Most Suitable for Outdoor Enclosures in Zoological Gardens in the European Union?
| Contributor(s):: Patoka, Jiří, Vejtrubová, Markéta, Vrabec, Vladimír, Masopustová, Renata
The aardvark is popular in many zoological gardens in the European Union. These creatures are nocturnal, and aardvarks in the wild are known to walk distances of 4 km to 7 km per night. Despite what is known about their biology, most aardvarks are kept in zoological gardens in indoor enclosures...