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  1. Long-term stress levels are synchronized in dogs and their owners

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ann-Sofie Sundman, Enya Van Poucke, Ann-Charlotte Svensson Holm, Åshild Faresjö, Elvar Theodorsson, Per Jensen, Lina S. V. Roth

    This study reveals, for the first time, an interspecifc synchronization in long-term stress levels. Previously, acute stress, has been shown to be highly contagious both among humans and between individuals of other species. Here, long-term stress synchronization in dogs and their owners was...

  2. The Dog in the Middle Ages

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Luisa Barbano

  3. Contexts and consequences of dog bite incidents

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: James Andrew Oxley, Rob Christley, Carri Westgarth

    Dog bites are a contentious issue within the United Kingdom due to their effect on public health and increasing incidence. Despite multiple expert-led dog bite prevention schemes being available, there is limited evidence regarding the surrounding factors and likely causes of a dog bite (e.g.,...

  4. Evaluation of an open source method for calculating physical activity in dogs from harness and collar based sensors

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Carri Westgarth, C. Ladha

    Background: The ability to make objective measurements of physical activity in dogs has both clinical and research applications. Accelerometers offer a non-intrusive and convenient solution. Of the commercialy available sensors, measurements are commonly given in manufacturer bespoke units and...

  5. How many people have been bitten by dogs? A cross-sectional survey of prevalence, incidence and factors associated with dog bites in a UK community

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Carri Westgarth, Megan Brooke, Robert M Christley

    Background Dog bite studies are typically based on hospital records and may be biased towards bites requiring significant medical treatment. This study investigated true dog bite prevalence and incidence at a community-level and victim-related risk factors, in order to inform policy and...

  6. Portion size and meal consumption in domesticated dogs: An experimental study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Inge Kersbergen, Alexander J. German, Carri Westgarth, Eric Robinson

    Increases in food portion sizes have been identified as a possible contributor to the increased prevalence of obesity in humans. However, little is known about the origin of behavioural tendencies to overeat from larger portion sizes or whether other non-human animals are affected by meal...

  7. Dog owners are more likely to meet physical activity guidelines than people without a dog: An investigation of the association between dog ownership and physical activity levels in a UK community

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Carri Westgarth, Robert M. Christley, Christopher Jewell, Alexander J.German, Lynne M. Boddy, Hayley E. Christian

    Previous research suggests that dog owners are slightly more physically active than those without dogs, but have only studied one household member, and it is unclear whether time spent dog walking replaces other physical activity (PA). A survey of 191 dog owning adults (DO), 455 non-dog owning...

  8. Evidence of large genetic influences on dog ownership in the Swedish Twin Registry has implications for understanding domestication and health associations

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Tove Fall, Ralf Kuja-Halkola, Keith Dobney, Carri Westgarth, Patrik K. E. Magnusson

    Dogs were the first domesticated animal and, according to the archaeological evidence, have had a close relationship with humans for at least 15,000 years. Today, dogs are common pets in our society and have been linked to increased well-being and improved health outcomes in their owners. A dog...

  9. Dogs & Society: Anglo-American Sociological Perspectives (1865-1934)

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Michael R. Hill, Mary Jo Deegan

    HUMANS AND DOGS have a long, wonderful and sometimes problematic association. At a personal level, dogs have been integral to our lives, and our parents’ lives, for as long as the two of us can remember. As sociologists, we also recognize that dogs are important at the macro level. Here,...

  10. Zen and the Art of Training Your Dog

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kenny Lamberti

    Ditch the rulebook and follow your instincts when teaching your dog

  11. Revisión de la literatura sobre los beneficios e inconvenientes de la terapia con animales en personas mayores

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Laura Guillén Javaloyes

    Introducción: desde hace décadas, los animales han sido objeto de estudio multidisciplinar para los humanos por los efectos positivos que generan a las personas. El aumento de la esperanza de vida y de los cuidados necesarios en la última etapa del ciclo vital, nos hizo...

  12. Effective Multidisciplinary Search Strategies for Assistance Animals: A Librarian's Perspective

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Erik Davis Fausak

    Successful search strategies are based on good background knowledge and a focused clinical research question. Due to the multidisciplinary nature of research involving assistance animals means there is no one universal database to answer all research questions. The topic of assistance animals...

  13. The Effects of Canine Assisted Therapy on Emotionally Stressed Undergraduate College Students: A Systematic Review

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Mackenzie Hansen

    Objective: This systematic review was conducted to review how canine assisted therapy affects emotional stress in undergraduate college students. Methods: Articles were screened on CINAHL and PubMed databases for relationship between canine assisted therapy intervention and emotional stress...

  14. I was not born with a mask!

    | Contributor(s):: Erasmo de Oliveira

    Year 2020. The Mankind “evolved” frighteningly (in the broadest sense of this word); It created wings, conquered other planets, played God by manipulating DNA and the atom. Today, it is very “natural” to use a smartphone, but it seems ridiculous to hear the silence and...

  15. Animals and THE POLICE

    | Contributor(s):: Erasmo de Oliveira

    ANIMALS AND THE POLICE:much more than mascotsThe partnership between the equine / canine / human species, their benefits for the maintenance of social order and public security and the role of police forces in education for the respect of animals and their responsible...

  16. Let's rethink our society, which recycle CANS and discards living beings

    | Contributor(s):: Erasmo de Oliveira

    “Let’s rethink our society, which recycleCANS and discards living beings”ErasmodeOliveira(Animal Defender)Adoption of stray animals is a big social medicament, a factor to increase quality of life, which solves the abandonment of animals, avoids accidents of...

  17. Dog Ownership and Training Reduces Post-Traumatic Stress Symptoms and Increases Self-Compassion Among Veterans: Results of a Longitudinal Control Study

    | Contributor(s):: Bergen-Cico, D., Smith, Y., Wolford, K., Gooley, C., Hannon, K., Woodruff, R., Spicer, M., Gump, B.

    Objectives: The aims of this study were to measure the potential impact of a therapeutic dog ownership and training program for Veterans with symptoms of post-traumatic stress. Design: The study used a quasi-experimental design with two cohorts of Veterans-a dog owner-trainer intervention and a...

  18. Welfare Impacts of Spay/Neuter-Focused Outreach on Companion Animals in New York City Public Housing

    | Contributor(s):: Dolan, Emily D., Weiss, Emily, Slater, Margaret R.

    Spay/neuter (S/N) programs aim to reduce shelter intake and euthanasia. However, there is little published evidence of a causal effect between S/N programs and shelter intake or euthanasia. To uncover any ancillary effects of S/N, this study examined the impact of S/N door-to-door outreach on...

  19. US Residents’ Perceptions of Dog Welfare Needs and Canine Welfare Information Sources

    | Contributor(s):: Bir, Courtney, Croney, Candace C., Widmar, Nicole J. Olynk

    The extent to which welfare needs of breeding dogs are met in commercial dog-breeding kennels is a potential point of controversy. This analysis sought to understand US residents’ perceptions and priorities related to dog welfare : by investigating (a) perceptions of breeding-dog welfare needs...

  20. A Survey of Dog Owners’ Attitudes toward Treats

    | Contributor(s):: Morelli, G., Marchesini, G., Contiero, B., Fusi, E., Diez, M., Ricci, R.

    Commercially available dog treats have become very popular and a common part of the pet’s diet, yet very little is known about peoples’ opinions and feeding habits; therefore, a survey was shared on a popular social network.Most of the self-selected interviewed owners (n = 1833, 83%) use treats...