You are here: Home / Tags / Animal roles / All Categories

Tags: Animal roles

All Categories (1-20 of 3238)

  1. Animal Visitation Program (AVP) Reduces Cortisol Levels of University Students: A Randomized Controlled Trial

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Patricia Pendry, Jaymie L. Vandagriff

    University students report high levels of stress. Although causal work is limited, one popular approach to promote stress relief is animal visitation programs (AVPs). We conducted a randomized trial (N = 249) examining effects of a 10-minute AVP on students’ salivary cortisol levels....

  2. Companion animals and disasters: The role of Human Services Organisations

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: John Darroch, Carole Adamson

    INTRODUCTION: Companion animals have often been treated as an afterthought, or ignored, by those involved in planning for and responding to disasters. This omission in planning for the needs of companion animals has been predicated upon a failure to recognise the emotional bond between...

  3. Risk of Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV) Infection in Pet Cats in Australia is Higher in Areas of Lower Socioeconomic Status

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Vivian Tran, Mark Kelman, Michael Ward, Mark Westman

    Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV), feline calicivirus (FCV), and feline herpesvirus (FHV-1) are common viral infections of domestic cats in Australia. A study was performed to investigate the possible effect of area-based socioeconomic factors on the occurrence of FIV, FCV, and FHV-1...

  4. Motivation of Owners to Purchase Pedigree Cats, with Specific Focus on the Acquisition of Brachycephalic Cats

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Liran Plitman, Petra Cern ˇ á, Mark J. Farnworth, Rowena M.A. Packer, Danièlle A. Gunn-Moore

    Background: Cats are globally popular pets and pedigree cats are increasingly prevalent, with brachycephalic breeds being the most registered breeds. How owners decide upon and acquire their cats is poorly understood. Moreover, there are growing concerns about the health and welfare of...

  5. Prim-ly adding care: Case report of a student nurse/service dog team

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Krysia W. Hudson, Marit Medefind, Maren Reinholdt, Ty Guyton

    Traditionally, a therapy dog has been a complimentary tool used by healthcare providers to provide stress relief to patients. However, animals can perform functions at an even greater capacity. Service animals are becoming a part of the healthcare team, by providing unique assistance to the...

  6. Review of Wildlife Hazard Mitigation Techniques on General Aviation Airports

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Robert J. Lewis, Joe N. Caudell

    Large commercial airports, also known as Part 139 airports, are required by federal regulation to monitor and control wildlife activity. Due to the regulatory nature of 14 Code of Federal Regulation (CFR) Part 139.337, and the size and scope of these airports, there is sufficient funding to...

  7. The 3Rs and Humane Experimental Technique: Implementing Change

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Robert C. Hubrecht, Elizabeth Carter

    In 1959, the Universities Federation for Animal Welfare (UFAW) Scholars Russell & Burch published the Principles of Humane Experimental Technique in which they laid out the principles of the Three Rs. However, the Three Rs owed much to others. It was UFAW and, in particular, UFAW’s...

  8. What Makes a Good Therapy Dog? Identifying Factors Associated with Calm Behavior in Therapy Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kristen Cunningham, Zachary L. Darwish, Rosemary Strasser

    Dogs offer a variety of benefits to society, including the use of therapy dogs to provide therapeutic and physiological benefits, enhancing the lives of a wide range of recipients. Unlike service or emotional support animals, therapy dogs provide support to a multitude of individuals, often in...

  9. Stakeholder Perceptions of the Challenges to Racehorse Welfare

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Deborah Butler, Mathilde Valenchon, Rachel Annan, Helen R. Whay, Siobhan Mullan

    The purpose of this paper is to highlight some of the key challenges to racehorse welfare as perceived by racing industry stakeholders. The paper draws upon statements and transcripts from 10 focus group discussions with 42 participants who were taking part in a larger study investigating...

  10. Assessment of separation anxiety in dogs: the search for a diagnostic method

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Gahee Kim

    The aims of this study were: (1) to explore the environmental factors and behaviors associated with the owners’ perception of separation anxiety based on the questionnaires completed by the owners along with video recordings of their dogs during the owners’ absence, and (2) to...

  11. A case study of the patient wait experience in an emergency department with therapy dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Colleen A. Dell, James Stempien, Lindsey Broberg, Alicia Husband, Lacey Jurke, Betty Rohr, Jane Smith, Joseph Rubin, Susan Tupper, Donna Goodridge, Cathie Fornssler, Logan Fele-Slaferek

    The quality of patient healthcare is a growing concern in Canada’s hospital emergency departments (ED) due to increasing wait times and associated adverse outcomes. A developing body of literature indicates that therapy dogs can positively impact the patient experience. In 2016, members...

  12. Pink is the New Bull: The Feminization of Pit Bulls in Visual and Literary Discourses as a Rescue Tactic

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Stephanie Hogue

    Since the 1980s, pit bulls have been portrayed in a raced, classed, and gendered national discourse that has associated them with minority males of color in low-income urban areas. This discourse has led to a villianization of the breed that has resulted in restrictions on pit bulls and their...

  13. Animal Hoarding by Humans: A Literature Review

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Corina L. Schroeder

    I review the origin and treatment of animal-hoarding disorder in humans and its relation to hoarding disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder, showing that it seems to be more closely related to object hoarding. The disorder often originates in a traumatic life event, which triggers a...

  14. Serving Pets in Poverty: A New Frontier for the Animal Welfare Movement

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Amanda Arrington, Michael Markarian

  15. Long-term stress levels are synchronized in dogs and their owners

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ann-Sofie Sundman, Enya Van Poucke, Ann-Charlotte Svensson Holm, Åshild Faresjö, Elvar Theodorsson, Per Jensen, Lina S. V. Roth

    This study reveals, for the first time, an interspecifc synchronization in long-term stress levels. Previously, acute stress, has been shown to be highly contagious both among humans and between individuals of other species. Here, long-term stress synchronization in dogs and their owners was...

  16. Dognition : the effect of pet ownership on cognition in older adults

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Molly McSweeney

    The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of pet ownership on cognition in older adults. Previous research has indicated that interactions with pets are associated with improved mental and physical health in humans. We predicted that these benefits of human-pet interactions...

  17. The Dog in the Middle Ages

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Luisa Barbano

  18. The State of Research on Human–Animal Relations: Implications for Human Health

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Deborah L. Wells

    Since the late 1970s, scientific evidence has accumulated showing that pet ownership can have positive effects on people’s physical and mental wellbeing. This paper reviews the current state of affairs regarding the relationship between companion animals and human health, focusing on both...

  19. An Examination of Intrinsic Existence Value Towards Wildlife of Columbus Zoo and Aquariums Tourists: Evaluating the Impact of Behind the Scenes Programming

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Robert Maxwell Lakes

    Changes in climate and the corresponding environmental issues are major concerns facing the world today. Human consumption, which is leading the rapid depletion of the earth’s finite resources and causing a dramatic loss of biodiversity, is largely to blame (Pearson, Lowry, Dorrian, &...

  20. Understanding how dogs encourage and motivate walking: cross-sectional findings from RESIDE

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Carri Westgarth, M. Knuiman, H. E. Christian

    Background: Many people live with dogs but not all walk with them regularly. This study examines the demographic and behavioural factors that contribute towards owners reporting having a strong sense of encouragement and motivation to walk provided by their dogs, which we call ‘the Lassie...