Long-term behavioral resilience in search-and-rescue dogs responding to the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks
Contributor(s):: Hare, Elizabeth, Kelsey, Kathleen M., Niedermeyer, Greta M., Otto, Cynthia M.
The Role and Welfare of Cart Donkeys Used in Waste Management in Karachi, Pakistan
| Contributor(s):: Syed Zahir Ali Shah, Zahid Nawaz, Sher Nawaz, Gemma Carder, Manuchahar Ali, Naimatullah Soomro, Polly C. Compston
Equine ownership is a common income-generating strategy in Pakistan. In Karachi, donkey carts are used to transport building materials, commercial produce and garbage. This study aimed to articulate the role and welfare of donkeys used in waste management. We conducted interviews with donkey...
| Contributor(s):: Kayla Holland
Sniffer dogs have worked alongside law enforcement officers, military units, border patrols and search and rescue teamss since the 1980s. There are two training locations for canines. One is located in Front Royal, Virginia. The headquarters of the Customs and Border Protection Canine Training...
At Both Ends of the Leash: Preventing Service-Dog Oppression Through the Practice of Dyadic-Belonging
| Contributor(s):: Devon MacPherson-Mayor, Cheryl van Daalen-Smith
There is a growing interest in the “use” of service-dogs to enable people with disabilities to navigate the world more independently in North American culture. On the surface, while this may appear to be progress, the question remains, for whom? While there is evidence that the...
Working Dogs for Conservation
We train the world's best conservation detection dogs & put them to work protecting wildlife and wild places. Working Dogs for Conservation is the world’s leading conservation detection dog organization. Whether it's law enforcement, biosecurity, or ecological monitoring,...
The Effect of Noseband Tightening on Horses' Behavior, Eye Temperature, and Cardiac Responses
| Contributor(s):: Kate Fenner, Samuel Yoon, Peter White, Melissa Starling, Paul McGreevy
Restrictive nosebands are common in equestrian sport. This is concerning, as recent evidence suggests that very tight nosebands can cause a physiological stress response, and may compromise welfare. The objective of the current study was to investigate relationships that noseband tightness has...
All the King's Horses, All the King's Elephants: The Fates of Royal Animals in Nepal's Post-Monarchy Period
| Contributor(s):: Anne Mocko, Shaunna Barnhart
In May of 2008, Nepal’s 240-year-old monarchy was legally dissolved. In the wake of this dissolution, the new interim government sought to replace royal institutions, procedures, and ceremonies with new, parallel processes. One unexpected royal legacy that politicians needed to resolve...
K-9 Catch-22: The Impossible Dilemma of Using Police Dogs in Apprehension of Suspects
| Contributor(s):: Ann L. Schiavone
In the past several years, the city of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania has seen two canine police dogs (K-9s) killed in the line of duty, Rocco in January 2014, and Aren in January of 2016. Both were killed by stab wounds while attempting to apprehend suspects. The man who killed Rocco received...
Scent dog identification of samples from COVID-19 patients – a pilot study
| Contributor(s):: Paula Jendrny, Claudia Schulz, Friederike Twele, Sebastian Meller, Maren von Köckritz-Blickwede, Albertus Dominicus Marcellinus Erasmus Osterhaus, Janek Ebbers, Veronika Pilchová, Isabell Pink, Tobias Welte, Michael Peter Manns, Anahita Fathi, Christiane Ernst, Marylyn Martina Addo, Esther Schalke, Holger Andreas Volk
Background: As the COVID-19 pandemic continues to spread, early, ideally real-time, identification of SARS-CoV-2 infected individuals is pivotal in interrupting infection chains. Volatile organic compounds produced during respiratory infections can cause specific scent imprints, which can be...
Can dogs teach us to be more human? | Shirin Merchant | TEDxDharavi
| Contributor(s):: Shirin Merchant
Shirin Merchant is a canine evangelist. Founder of Canines Can Care, Shirin is dedicated towards canine training & counselling. She advocates the role of dogs in our society and talks about her experiences with dogs which will change your view of the man’s best friend. Shirin Merchant...
Case Study: Horse Drawn Carriages in Philadelphia
| Contributor(s):: Bibi Khan, Michael Jones, Hamid Bertal, Regina Tendayi
Hypothesis Horse & Carriage ride business is not sustainable. Supply & Demand: Awareness of inhumane treatment of carriage horses will lead to the decline of demand for the rides which leads to decline in revenue. This is not sustainable.
Risk Factors for Transport-Related Problem Behaviors in Horses: A New Zealand Survey
| Contributor(s):: Barbara Padalino, Chris W. Rogers, Danielle Guiver, Janis P. Bridges, Christopher B. Riley
Transport-related problem behaviors (TRPBs) are common in horses and can cause injury to both the horses and their handlers. This study aimed to identify possible risk factors for TRPBs to inform approaches to mitigate TRPBs incidence and enhance horse welfare. An online cross-sectional survey...
The Dog in the Middle Ages
| Contributor(s):: Luisa Barbano
Application of the Hands-On Donkey Tool for Assessing the Welfare of Working Equids at Tuliman, Mexico
| Contributor(s):: Galindo, F., Aluja, A. de, Cagigas, R., Huerta, L. A., Tadich, T. A.
Equids are still used for diverse chores in Mexico and are essential for the livelihoods of numerous families. Appropriate health and behavior are prerequisites for performing work without affecting welfare. This study aimed to assess the welfare of working equids in Tuliman, applying the...
Animal Welfare in Nepal
| Contributor(s):: Acharya, Krishna Prasad, Acharya, Narayan, Wilson, R. Trevor
The small densely populated country of Nepal rises from just above sea level to more than 8800 m and encompasses many agro-ecological zones. Rich in both nature and culture, livestock are integral to household and national economies. Most Nepalese consider the cow sacred, and slaughter is...
The effects of transport, riot control training and night patrols on the workload and stress of mounted police horses
| Contributor(s):: Munsters, Carolien C. B. M., van den Broek, Jan, van Weeren, René, Sloet van Oldruitenborgh-Oosterbaan, Marianne M.
Quantifying and evaluating police work is essential to avoid behavioural problems, minimise wastage and maximise welfare of police horses. Behavioural and physiological measures were used to assess the workload and/or stress police horses experience during police work. Further, the influence of...
Early experiences modulate stress coping in a population of German shepherd dogs
| Contributor(s):: Foyer, Pernilla, Wilsson, Erik, Wright, Dominic, Jensen, Per
Early experiences may alter later behavioural expressions in animals and these differences can be consistent through adulthood. In dogs, this may have a profound impact on welfare and working ability and, it is therefore interesting to evaluate how experiences during the first weeks of life...
Behaviour and experiences of dogs during the first year of life predict the outcome in a later temperament test
| Contributor(s):: Foyer, Pernilla, Bjällerhag, Nathalie, Wilsson, Erik, Jensen, Per
Early life experiences are known to shape the behavioural development of animals, and therefore events occurring during preadolescence and adolescence may have long-term effects. In dogs, this period of time may be important for later behaviour and thereby also the suitability of dogs for...
Obedience training effects on search dog performance
| Contributor(s):: Alexander, Michael Ben, Friend, Ted, Haug, Lore
Competent search dogs should be accurate, reliable, and work independently, yet be responsive to handler commands. The aim of this study was to identify training factors that contribute to producing competent search dogs. Demographics, obedience training methods, the age training was initiated,...
Cow dogs: Use of livestock protection dogs for reducing predation and transmission of pathogens from wildlife to cattle
| Contributor(s):: VerCauteren, Kurt C., Lavelle, Michael J., Gehring, Thomas M., Landry, Jean-Marc
Dogs have been employed to protect an array of resources from various species of offending wildlife. Historically, livestock protection dogs (LPDs) protected domestic sheep and goats from predators based on development of a strong bond between protected and protector. Within reason, developing...