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  1. Cats vs. Dogs: The Efficacy of Feliway FriendsTM and AdaptilTM Products in Multispecies Homes

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Miriam Rebecca Prior, Daniel Simon Mills

    Seven percent of UK households are estimated to own both a cat and a dog, despite a popular view that the two do not live well together. This is the first study to evaluate the effects of pheromone products Feliway FriendsTM and AdaptilTM on cat-dog interactions, in homes where owners perceived...

  2. Mothers' Reflections on Cat Ownership for a Child with Autism Spectrum Disorder During COVID-19

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Saskia Keville, Sophia De Vita, Amanda K. Ludlow

    Animal- assisted interventions are increasingly used as a complementary therapy in clinical practice to support people with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), with promising outcomes compared to traditional therapies. Less is understood about the therapeutic benefits of more accessible and...

  3. Interactions Between Sex and Pet Ownership on Attitudes Toward Children

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Aya Dudin, Mayra Linne Almanza-Sepulveda, Katherine T. Cost, Geoffrey B. Hall, Alison S. Fleming, Jonathan Freedman

    Background: Many people are attached to their pets. This attachment shares characteristics with the parental attachment to children. Previous studies have established a sex difference in attitudes about children; women compared to men report more positive attitudes about children. However,...

  4. Psychological Correlates of Attitudes toward Pet Relinquishment and of Actual Pet Relinquishment: The Role of Pragmatism and Obligation

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Rita Jacobetty, Diniz Lopes, Jaume Fatjó, Jonathan Bowen, David L. Rodrigues

    Understanding pet relinquishment is essential to inform interventions and assess their impact. In a cross-sectional study, we explored how attitudes of lack of obligation and pragmatism toward pet relinquishment correlated with, and differed according to, sociodemographic characteristics (age,...

  5. It's Not Just A Dog: The Role of Companion Animals in the Family's Emotional System

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Cassandra Leow

    Past studies have looked into the role of companion animals in families. This study intended to explore the role of companion animals in the family’s emotional system through the lens of Bowen Family Systems Theory. Data from a study on companion animal loss and grief were used. A...

  6. Partners in Sickness and in Health? Relationship-Centered Veterinary Care and Self-Educated Pet Owners in Germany: A Structural Equation Model

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Alina M. Küeper, Roswitha Merle

    In recent years, the web has become a widely used source for health information. Pet owners seem to respond to the supply of medical information on the Internet by increasing their self-education. However, after more than a decade of the digital revolution, little is known about the...

  7. Therapy Dogs in the College Classroom: The Effect of Dogs on Stress, Anxiety, and Spanish L2 Phonological Learning and Performance

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Elaine Maralee Henry

    Anxiety and stress invoked by the second language classroom setting has the ability to cause numerous detrimental physiological changes which impair the learning process. A more natural, “immersion” type atmosphere is often desired when teaching a second language; however, this is...

  8. Plasma Concentration of Advanced Glycation End-Products From Wild Canids and Domestic Dogs Does Not Change With Age or Across Body Masses

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ana Gabriela Jimenez

    Dogs provide a physiological paradox: In domestic dogs, small breeds live longer lives than large breed dogs. Comparatively, a wild canid can be a similar size than many large breed dogs and outlive their domestic cousin. We have previously shown that oxidative stress patterns between domestic...

  9. Domestic Cat Ethology: Evaluating Social Media for Data Collection

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Patricia Casey

    This study looked at whether user-submitted videos of cats could be used to increase understanding of their behavior. The findings suggest that the behaviors observed were consistent with prior research, and contain typical cat behavior. Depending on the research question, user-submitted videos...

  10. Do Dog Owners REALLY Make Better Lovers?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Harold Herzog

    What does science say about the connection between love, sex and owning a dog?

  11. Characterizing Human–Dog Attachment Relationships in Foster and Shelter Environments as a Potential Mechanism for Achieving Mutual Wellbeing and Success

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lauren E. Thielke, Monique A.R. Udell

    This study aimed to characterize attachment relationships between humans and dogs living in animal shelters or foster homes, and to contextualize these relationships in the broader canine attachment literature. In this study, 21 pairs of foster dogs and foster volunteers and 31 pairs of shelter...

  12. Did Eating Human Poop Play a Role in the Evolution of Dogs?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Harold Herzog

  13. Molecular Characterization of Hemoparasites and Hemoplasmas Infecting Domestic Cats of Southern India

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lanchalung Malangmei, Karapparambu Gopalan Ajith Kumar, Ashwathappa Nandini, Christophe Angeline Felicia Bora, Anju Varghese, Birur Mallappa Amrutha, Prashant Somalingappa Kurbet, Rangapura Kariyappa Pradeep, Murikoli Nimisha, Chundiyil Kalarickal Deepa, Lijo John, Reghu Ravindran

    In the present study, 111 blood samples were collected from apparently healthy cats belonging to four districts of Kerala, southern India, and they were investigated for the presence of hemoparasites and hemoplasmas by light microscopic examination and polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The...

  14. Prostatic Neoplasia in the Intact and Castrated Dog: How Dangerous is Castration?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Magdalena Schrank, Stefano Romagnoli

    Elective gonadectomy in the dog is a topic of interest for clinicians, pet-owners, and society. Although canine prostatic neoplasia (CPN) has a low incidence (0.35%), reports of an increased risk for castrated dogs attract attention and cause concern in pet-owners. Our aim is to provide...

  15. Importance of Vaccinating for Canine Parvovirus: Best Practices for Prevention

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ariel Gorham

    This University Honors Thesis combines my cutting edge research on canine parvovirus and how to refine professional practice for optimal prevention. Canine parvovirus is a highly transmissible virus that infects the gastrointestinal tract of dogs and spreads through secretions of infected...

  16. Does Clicker Training Lead to Faster Acquisition of Behavior for Dog Owners?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Brian J. Burton

    Clicker training is a method of dog training that has increased in popularity over the past 20 years (Feng et al., 2017). However, while there has been an increased use of clicker training, studies examining the claims that clicker training leads to faster acquisition of new behavior (Skinner,...

  17. A Multi-Site Feasibility Assessment of Implementing a Best-Practices Meet-And-Greet Intervention in Animal Shelters in the United States

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Alexandra Protopopova, Kelsea M. Brown, Nathaniel J. Hall

    Animal shelters must incorporate empirically validated programs to increase life-saving measures; however, altering existing protocols is often a challenge. The current study assessed the feasibility of nine animal shelters within the United States to replicate a validated procedure for...

  18. What is good grief support? Exploring the actors and actions in social support after traumatic grief

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Joanne Cacciatore, Kara Thieleman, Ruth Fretts, Lori Barnes Jackson

    Social support seems to enhance wellbeing and health in many populations. Conversely, poor social support and loneliness are a social determinant of poor health outcomes and can adversely affect physical, emotional, and mental well-being. Social support is especially important in traumatic...

  19. The Influence of Pointing Accuracy in an Object-Choice Task with Domestic Horses (Equus caballus)

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Elizabeth A. Krisch

    This study evaluated the influence of pointing accuracy and experimenter identity on domestic horse (Equus caballus) behavior in an object-choice task. Results suggest that after receiving inaccurate pointing cues, horses adapt their responses based on their familiarity with an experimenter,...

  20. Musical Dogs: A Review of the Influence of Auditory Enrichment on Canine Health and Behavior

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Abigail M. Lindig, Paul D. McGreevy, Angela J. Crean

    Music therapy yields many positive health outcomes in humans, but the effects of music on the health and welfare of nonhuman animals vary greatly with the type of music played, the ethology of the species, and the personality and learning history of individual animals. One context in which...