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Tags: Pets and companion animals + Animal roles

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  1. The Effects Of Dog Ownership On Self-Efficacy Levels

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Juliana Oleksy

    Multiple studies have been conducted and have concluded that dogs do have a positive impact on both physical and mental health. When it comes to mental health, researchers have found that dog-interaction has decreased stress levels. Stress levels have a negative relationship with self-efficacy...

  2. Benefits of Having a Pet at College: Perception of Today's College Students

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Morgan Jenkins

    The present literature review examined data from 10 studies that examined the benefits of pet therapy and well-being. Florence Nightingale, a pioneer of nursing, recognized these benefits in the early 1800s when she used animals to provide support to mentally ill patients. Since then, pets, but...

  3. The Bridge River Dogs: Interpreting aDNA and Stable Isotope Analysis Collected From Dog Remains

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Emilia Tifental

    Excavations at the Bridge River site have been on-going since 2003, increasing our understanding of the communities that inhabited the Middle Fraser Canyon, British Columbia, over 1,000 years ago. The most recent excavation at Housepit 54 in the summer of 2014 supplied further data regarding...

  4. An Attachment Style Based Experimental Design to Maximize Dog Adoption Success

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Claire Weinman

    Evolution and domestication have brought dogs very close to humans. Research has found numerous behavioral, cognitive, neurological, and physiological similarities between the two species. Additional research has found that humans and dogs can share cross-species attachments that are comparable...

  5. Austrian Veterinarians' Attitudes to Euthanasia in Equine Practice

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Svenja Springer, Florien Jenner, Alexander Tichy, Herwig Grimm

    Euthanasia of companion animals is a challenging responsibility in the veterinary profession since veterinarians have to consider not only medical, but also legal, economic, emotional, social, and ethical factors in decision-making. To this end; an anonymous questionnaire-based survey of...

  6. Investigating the Impact of Indemnity Waivers on the Length of Stay of Cats at an Australian Shelter

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jessica Pockett, Bronwyn Orr, Evelyn Hall, Wye Li Chong, Mark Westman

    Due to resource limitations, animal shelters in Australia historically have focused on rehoming animals considered ‘highly adoptable’. Increasingly, animal shelters in Australia are rehoming animals with pre-existing medical and/or behavioural issues. These animals are often rehomed...

  7. Process to Incorporate a Therapy Service Dog in an Occupational Therapy Educational Program

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Hanna Eickenbrock, Marlee Wheelhouse

    The purpose of the scholarly project is to incorporate a therapy/service dog within the occupational therapy department at the University of North Dakota (UND). The therapy/service dog will be utilized as a support system for student’s and faculty’s health and well-being and as an...

  8. La thérapie assistée par l'animal : une aide alternative pour les enfants souffrant d'un trouble déficitaire de l'attention avec hyperactivité?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Nathalie Gagnon

    Ce mémoire a pour objectif d'évaluer les effets de l'interaction avec un chien sur les comportements d'enfants souffrant de trouble déficitaire de l'attention avec hyperactivité (TDAH). Pour ce faire, 6 enfants âgés de 7 à 10 ans...

  9. Canine Endogenous Oxytocin Responses to Dog-Walking and Affiliative Human–Dog Interactions

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lauren Powell, Kate M. Edwards, Adrian Bauman, Adam J. Guastella, Bradley Drayton, Emmanuel Stamatakis, Paul McGreevy

    Several studies suggest human–dog interactions elicit a positive effect on canine oxytocin concentrations. However, empirical investigations are scant and the joint influence of human–dog interaction and physical activity remains unexplored. The aims of the current study were to (a)...

  10. Associations between Domestic-Dog Morphology and Behaviour Scores in the Dog Mentality Assessment

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Holly R. Stone, Paul D. McGreevy, Melissa J. Starling, Bjorn Forkman

    The domestic dog shows a wide range of morphologies, that humans have selected for in the process of creating unique breeds. Recent studies have revealed correlations between changes in morphology and behaviour as reported by owners. For example, as height and weight decrease, many undesirable...

  11. Ovariectomy Impairs Socio-Cognitive Functions in Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Anna Scandurra, Alessandra Alterisio, Anna Di Cosmo, Antonio D’Ambrosio, Biagio D’Aniello

    Recent studies have underlined the effect of ovariectomy on the spatial cognition of female dogs, with ovariectomized dogs showing a clear preference for an egocentric rather than an allocentric navigation strategy whereas intact females did not show preferences. Intact females had better...

  12. O animal de companhia e a proteção animal urbana : pensando relações interespecíficas a partir da etnografia em Porto Alegre/RS

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Viviane Hippmann Gauer

    Inserido no âmbito da Antrozoologia, este trabalho intenciona pensar a relação humano-animal, tendo por enfoque a relação construída entre ativistas e simpatizantes da proteção animal urbana e os animais de companhia aos quais este...

  13. Pet Grief: Tools to Assess Owners' Bereavement and Veterinary Communication Skills

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ines Testoni, Loriana De Cataldo, Lucia Ronconi, Elisa Silvia Colombo, Cinzia Stefanini, Barbara Dal Zotto, Adriano Zamperini

    In Italy, there are still very few studies on the psychological impact of losing a pet. The need to fill this gap springs from the fact that pet loss counseling services are increasingly being activated. The aim of this study is the Italian adaptation of instruments for veterinary counseling...

  14. Attitudes and Practices of Australian Veterinary Professionals and Students towards Early Age Desexing of Cats

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Heather M. Crawford, Michael C. Calver

    Surgical desexing of cats is typically carried out after six months of age (Mature Age Desexing, MAD); between 4–6 months (Traditional Age Desexing, TAD); or before four months (Early Age Desexing, EAD). We complemented existing surveys of veterinarians’ acceptance of EAD with...

  15. Manejo de doenças infecciosas em gatos de abrigos

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Leticia Rodrigues Lopes

    O presente trabalho aborda o manejo de doenças infecciosas em abrigos de felinos. É importante entender e controlar alguns fatores básicos que predispoem as doenças infeciosas. Os principais fatores são: estresse, densidade populacional e...

  16. Dog Therapy Day at NWCCC

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jennifer Lang

    Animal-assisted therapy (AAT) provides great beneficial opportunities for individuals within the prison population. Many research studies display the effectiveness of AAT programs in prison settings through their results. The results showed improved moods, decreased stress levels, and increased...

  17. The cat's cradle of responsibility: assigning and taking responsibility for companion animals in natural disasters

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Cheryl Travers, Christopher J. Degeling, Melanie Rock

    Responsibility is often regarded as a unified concept. However in everyday language, the term refers to a cat's cradle of related ideas and perceptions. Although there might be consensus that individuals should be ultimately responsible for their own animals during crises, individuals and...

  18. Prison Programs to Reduce Recidivism: What is the Ideal Structure of an Inmate Reentry Program?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Magali Davila-Centeno

    In the United States' correctional system, inmate programs within prisons often do not reduce recidivism. Recent surveys have shown that across the country many prisons have a form of a Prison Based Animal Program (PAP). This study examines the effect that Prison based Animal Programs have...

  19. Auditory–Visual Matching of Conspecifics and Non-Conspecifics by Dogs and Human Infants

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Anna Gergely, Eszter Petró, Katalin Oláh, József Topál

    We tested whether dogs and 14–16-month-old infants are able to integrate intersensory information when presented with conspecific and heterospecific faces and vocalisations. The looking behaviour of dogs and infants was recorded with a non-invasive eye-tracking technique while they were...

  20. Urban Underdogs

    Full-text: Available

    Urban Underdogs is a non-profit organization created to help animals in underserved communities in the Las Vegas Valley. We’re an ALL-VOLUNTEER ORGANIZATION incorporated in the state of Nevada providing food for companion animals, animal welfare education, and negotiating basic...