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  1. Validation of Application SuperDuplicates (AS) Enumeration Tool for Free-Roaming Dogs (FRD) in Urban Settings of Panchkula Municipal Corporation in North India

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Harish Kumar Tiwari, Ian D. Robertson, Mark O’Dea, Jully Gogoi-Tiwari, Pranav Panvalkar, Rajinder Singh Bajwa, Abi Tamim Vanak

    A cost-effective estimation of the number of free-roaming dogs is an essential prerequisite for the control of rabies in countries where the disease is endemic, as vaccination of at least 70% of the population is recommended to effectively control the disease. Although estimating the population...

  2. Understanding Fear and Stranger-Directed Aggression in Companion Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Hannah Flint

    Stranger-directed aggression is both a public safety and animal welfare concern. The objectives of this thesis were to identify risk factors for stranger-directed aggression in dogs, to assess the effect of targeted owner training on the accuracy of ratings of fear in dogs, and to identify...

  3. Assessment of Vaccine-Induced Immunity Against Canine Visceral Leishmaniasis

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Javier Moreno

    Canine visceral leishmaniasis is an increasingly important public health problem. Dogs infected by Leishmania infantum are the main domestic reservoir of the parasite and play a key role in its transmission to humans. Recent findings have helped in the development of novel diagnostic...

  4. Population Structure Analysis of the Border Collie Dog Breed in Hungary

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Virág Ács, Árpád Bokor, István Nagy

    Pedigree data of the Border Collie dog breed were collected in Hungary to examine genetic diversity within the breed and its different lines. The database was based on available herd books dating from the development of the breed (in the late 1800s) to the present day. The constructed pedigree...

  5. Measuring Attachments Between Dogs and Their Owners

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Joanne Wilshaw

    This thesis details the development and testing of a new scale for measuring human attachment to dogs which allows for the measurement of weaker attachment levels as well as stronger ones (the CDA scale). The correlation between dog-owner’s scores on the CDA scale and their dog’s...

  6. Canine and Feline Parvoviruses Can Use Human or Feline Transferrin Receptors To Bind, Enter, and Infect Cells

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: John SL Parker, William J Murphy, Dai Wang, Stephen J O'Brien, Colin R Parrish

    Canine parvovirus (CPV) enters and infects cells by a dynamin-dependent, clathrin-mediated endocytic pathway, and viral capsids colocalize with transferrin in perinuclear vesicles of cells shortly after entry (J. S. L. Parker and C. R. Parrish, J. Virol. 74:1919–1930, 2000). Here we...

  7. Acquiring a Pet Dog: A Review of Factors Affecting the Decision-Making of Prospective Dog Owners

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Katrina E. Holland

    Given the prevalence of pet dogs in households throughout the world, decisions regarding dog acquisition affect many people each year. Across the stages of dog acquisition there is potential for practices that may promote or compromise canine welfare. For instance, prospective owners may not...

  8. Animals on Campus and in the Workplace

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ian Allen, Ruth Carlton-Appleton, Brett Lohoefener

    Animals on campus are becoming a hot button issue for students, faculty, and staff. Iowa State University staff members Brett Lohoefener (University Counsel), Ian Allen (Student Disability Resources), and Ruth Carlton-Appleton (University Human Resources) will present information on the...

  9. Quantifying Antimicrobial Use in Dutch Companion Animals

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Nonke E. M. Hopman, Marloes A. M. van Dijk, Els M. Broens, Jaap A. Wagenaar, Dick J. J. Heederik, Ingeborg M. van Geijlswijk

    Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is an increasing threat, both in human and in veterinary medicine. To reduce the selection and spread of AMR, antimicrobial use (AMU) should be optimized, also in companion animals. To be able to optimize AMU, a feasible method to quantify AMU and information on...

  10. The Views of the UK Public Towards Routine Neutering of Dogs and Cats

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Chanakarn Wongsaengchan, Dorothy E.F. McKeegan

    Despite being routinely recommended by veterinarians, neutering of dogs and cats has both positive and negative impacts on animal welfare and is ethically problematic. We examined attitudes of a sample of the UK public towards routine neutering of dogs and cats using a questionnaire....

  11. The Canine Frustration Questionnaire—Development of a New Psychometric Tool for Measuring Frustration in Domestic Dogs (Canis familiaris)

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kevin J. McPeake, Lisa M. Collins, Helen Zulch, Daniel S. Mills

    Introduction: Psychometric tools have been developed for the assessment of behavioral and affective traits in non-human animals. Frustration can be defined as an emotional reaction experienced after a given expectation is violated. Frustration is a negative emotional state and whilst it...

  12. A Case of Letting the Cat out of The Bag—Why Trap-Neuter-Return Is Not an Ethical Solution for Stray Cat (Felis catus) Management

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Heather M. Crawford, Michael C. Calver, Patricia A. Fleming

    Trap-Neuter-Return (TNR) programs, in which stray cats are captured, neutered and returned to the environment are advocated as a humane, ethical alternative to euthanasia. We review the TNR literature in light of current debate over whether or not there should be further TNR trials in...

  13. Ask a Catbrarian: Marketing Library Services Using a Cat

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Teagan Eastman, Jennifer Saulnier, Kati Richardson

    This case study aims to describe how employees at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign’s Undergraduate Library (UGL) utilized a cat mascot as part of a marketing campaign to promote awareness of library resources and services and to overcome undergraduate students’ library...

  14. The Effects Of Dog Ownership On Self-Efficacy Levels

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Juliana Oleksy

    Multiple studies have been conducted and have concluded that dogs do have a positive impact on both physical and mental health. When it comes to mental health, researchers have found that dog-interaction has decreased stress levels. Stress levels have a negative relationship with self-efficacy...

  15. Benefits of Having a Pet at College: Perception of Today's College Students

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Morgan Jenkins

    The present literature review examined data from 10 studies that examined the benefits of pet therapy and well-being. Florence Nightingale, a pioneer of nursing, recognized these benefits in the early 1800s when she used animals to provide support to mentally ill patients. Since then, pets, but...

  16. The Bridge River Dogs: Interpreting aDNA and Stable Isotope Analysis Collected From Dog Remains

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Emilia Tifental

    Excavations at the Bridge River site have been on-going since 2003, increasing our understanding of the communities that inhabited the Middle Fraser Canyon, British Columbia, over 1,000 years ago. The most recent excavation at Housepit 54 in the summer of 2014 supplied further data regarding...

  17. An Attachment Style Based Experimental Design to Maximize Dog Adoption Success

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Claire Weinman

    Evolution and domestication have brought dogs very close to humans. Research has found numerous behavioral, cognitive, neurological, and physiological similarities between the two species. Additional research has found that humans and dogs can share cross-species attachments that are comparable...

  18. Austrian Veterinarians' Attitudes to Euthanasia in Equine Practice

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Svenja Springer, Florien Jenner, Alexander Tichy, Herwig Grimm

    Euthanasia of companion animals is a challenging responsibility in the veterinary profession since veterinarians have to consider not only medical, but also legal, economic, emotional, social, and ethical factors in decision-making. To this end; an anonymous questionnaire-based survey of...

  19. Investigating the Impact of Indemnity Waivers on the Length of Stay of Cats at an Australian Shelter

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jessica Pockett, Bronwyn Orr, Evelyn Hall, Wye Li Chong, Mark Westman

    Due to resource limitations, animal shelters in Australia historically have focused on rehoming animals considered ‘highly adoptable’. Increasingly, animal shelters in Australia are rehoming animals with pre-existing medical and/or behavioural issues. These animals are often rehomed...

  20. Process to Incorporate a Therapy Service Dog in an Occupational Therapy Educational Program

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Hanna Eickenbrock, Marlee Wheelhouse

    The purpose of the scholarly project is to incorporate a therapy/service dog within the occupational therapy department at the University of North Dakota (UND). The therapy/service dog will be utilized as a support system for student’s and faculty’s health and well-being and as an...