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  1. Dogs fail to reciprocate the receipt of food from a human in a food-giving task

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jim McGetrick, Lisa Poncet, Marietta Amann, Johannes Schullern- Schrattenhofen, Leona Fux, Mayte Martinez, Friederike Range

    Domestic dogs have been shown to reciprocate help received from conspecifics in food-giving tasks. However, it is not yet known whether dogs also reciprocate help received from humans. Here, we investigated whether dogs reciprocate the receipt of food from humans. In an experience phase,...

  2. The Impacts of a Reading-to-Dog Programme on Attending and Reading of Nine Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Stefania Uccheddu, Mariangela Albertini, Ludovica Pierantoni, Sara Fantino, Federica Pirrone

    Poor knowledge is available on the effectiveness of reading to dogs in educational settings, particularly in children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). In this study, we test the hypothesis that reading to a dog improves propensity towards books and motivation to read after the end of the...

  3. A Survey of Veterinarian Attitudes Toward Prepubertal Desexing of Dogs and Cats in the Australian Capital Territory

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Bronwyn Orr, Bidda Jones

    Prepubertal desexing (neutering) has been a legal requirement for all cats and dogs in the Australian Capital Territory since 2001. All cats have to be desexed by 3 months of age, and all dogs are required to be desexed by 6 months of age. The role of veterinary attitudes and behaviors in the...

  4. Clinical and Immunological Response in Dogs Naturally Infected by L. infantum Treated with a Nutritional Supplement

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Pietro Lombardi, Anna Teresa Palatucci, Angela Giovazzino, Vincenzo Mastellone, Giuseppina Ruggiero, Valentina Rubino, Nadia Musco, Rosalia Crupi, Monica Isabella Cutrignelli, Domenico Britti, Giuseppe Vassalotti, Giuseppe Terrazzano, Laura Cortese

    The use of nutraceuticals as immunomodulators in the treatment of visceral leishmaniasis has generated interest in the current approaches to treat the disease. In this clinical and immunological study, we investigated whether the administration of a nutritional supplement mediates the...

  5. Communicating canine and human emotions

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Juliane Bräuer, Karine Silva, Stefan R. Schweinberger

    Kujala (2017) reviews a topic of major relevance for the understanding of the special dog-human relationship: canine emotions (as seen through human social cognition). This commentary draws attention to the communication of emotions within such a particular social context. It highlights...

  6. Dogs consciously experience emotions: The question is, which?.

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ralph Adolphs

    I discuss three themes related to Kujala’s target article. First, the wealth of emerging data on cognitive studies in dogs will surely show that dogs have a very rich repertoire of cognitive processes, for most of which we find homologues in humans. Second, understanding the internal...

  7. The Long Journey Home: Traveling with Beau

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Donald F. Smith

    In Part 11 in a series of stories reflecting on a 2007 trip to Alaska with his dog, Beau, preparations were made for Doris to fly home while Dr. Smith and Beau retraced their route across North America. The remaining 10 days of the trip were relatively uneventful.

  8. Burden and predictors of Staphylococcus aureus and S. pseudintermedius infections among dogs presented at an academic veterinary hospital in South Africa (2007–2012)

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Daniel N. Qekwana, James Wabwire Oguttu, Fortune Sithole, Agricola Odoi

    Background Staphylococci are commensals of the mucosal surface and skin of humans and animals, but have been implicated in infections such as otitis externa, pyoderma, urinary tract infections and post-surgical complications. Laboratory records provide useful information to help investigate...

  9. Kouluviihtyvyys koiraluokissa - fenomenologinen tapaustutkimus koiraluokkakokemuksista

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Katariina Karvinen

    Tämä on kvalitatiivinen tapaustutkimus Suomen perusopetuksen koiraluokista. Tutkimuksen tavoitteena oli tarkastella koiraluokkatoimintaa kouluviihtyvyyden näkökulmasta sekä lisätä tietoa ja ymmärrystä koiraluokista yleensä. Lähestyn aihetta...

  10. Marking frequency during intraspecific socialization sessions is related to urinary cortisol levels in shelter dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Daniela Alberghina, Gina Pumilia, Pierluigi Raffo, Giuseppe Distefano, Giuseppe Piccione, Michele Panzera

    The aim of this study was to determine whether behavioural indicators such as marking frequency and whether cortisol/creatinine ratio (C/Cr) are influenced by three socialization sessions.  Six adult shelter dogs were selected: Group 1 (n.3) with adequate social experience and Group 2 with...

  11. Effects of a Nutritional Supplement on Cognitive Function in Aged Dogs and on Synaptic Function of Primary Cultured Neurons

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Maria Elena Pero, Laura Cortese, Vincenzo Mastellone, Raffaella Tudisco, Nadia Musco, Anna Scandurra, Biagio D’Aniello, Giuseppe Vassalotti, Francesca Bartolini, Pietro Lombardi

    The objective of this research was to investigate the efficacy of DìSeniorTM, a nutraceutical formulated to improve cognitive functions in elderly dogs. To this purpose, some clinical and metabolic investigations and a spatial navigation test were performed in treated and untreated dogs....

  12. Studying dog emotion beyond expression and without concern for feeling

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Peter F. Cook

    Studies of dog emotion have focused on the expression of social emotion, either because this is taken to suggest human-like feeling states in dogs or because it has been the most accessible signal of dog emotional processing. I argue for an approach grounded in affective neuroscience, relying...

  13. Lake Kluane: Traveling with Beau

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Donald F. Smith

    In Part 8 in a series of stories reflecting on a 2007 trip to Alaska with his dog, Beau, the stop at Kluane National Park and Reserve offered views of some of the most majestic mountains in North America and a chance for Beau to run along the lake and get tangles of burrs in his coat.

  14. Homeward Bound: The Struggle Senior Dogs Face to Find Their Fur-Ever Homes, An Exhibition Proposal

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Natalia Maria Senida Chavez

    For this capstone project, I created a proposal for an exhibition centering around animal rights that focuses on the rights of senior dogs in United States animal shelters. Homeward Bound: The Struggle Senior Dogs Face to Find Their Fur-Ever Homes intends to raise...

  15. Could Greater Time Spent Displaying Waking Inactivity in the Home Environment Be a Marker for a Depression-Like State in the Domestic Dog?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Naomi D. Harvey, Alexandra Moesta, Sarah Kappel, Chanakarn Wongsaengchan, Hannah Harris, Peter J. Craigon, Carole Fureix

    Dogs exposed to aversive events can become inactive and unresponsive and are commonly referred to as being “depressed”, but this association remains to be tested. We investigated whether shelter dogs spending greater time inactive “awake but motionless” (ABM) in their...

  16. Examining Obedience Training as a Physical Activity Intervention for Dog Owners: Findings from the Stealth Pet Obedience Training (SPOT) Pilot Study

    | Contributor(s):: Potter, K., Masteller, B., Balzer, L. B.

  17. Identification of Microchip Implantation Events for Dogs and Cats in the VetCompass Australia Database

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Paul McGreevy, Sophie Masters, Leonie Richards, Ricardo J. Soares Magalhaes, Anne Peaston, Martin Combs, Peter J. Irwin, Janice Lloyd, Catriona Croton, ClaireWylie, BethanyWilson

    In Australia, compulsory microchipping legislation requires that animals are microchipped before sale or prior to 3 months in the Australian Capital Territory, New South Wales, Queensland and Victoria, and by 6 months in Western Australia and Tasmania. Describing the implementation of...

  18. The Use of Chemotherapy to Prolong the Life of Dogs Suffering from Cancer: The Ethical Dilemma

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Tanya Stephens

    Despite the emergence some years ago of oncology as a veterinary specialty, there has been very little in the way of ethical debate on the use of chemotherapy in dogs. The purpose of this article is to undertake an ethical analysis to critically examine the use of chemotherapy to prolong the...

  19. Catching a glimpse of the bacterial gut community of companion animals: a canine and feline perspective

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Giulia Alessandri, Chiara Argentini, Christian Milani, Francesca Turroni, Maria Cristina Ossiprandi, Douwe van Sinderen, Marco Ventura

    Dogs and cats have gained a special position in human society by becoming our principal companion animals. In this context, efforts to ensure their health and welfare have increased exponentially, with in recent times a growing interest in assessing the impact of the gut microbiota on canine...

  20. Environmental Factors That Affect Kenneled Shelter Dogs in Connecticut

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Laura Burban