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  1. Pain detection and amelioration in animals on the farm: issues and options

    Contributor(s):: Anil, L., Anil, S. S., Deen, J.

    Pain in nonhuman animals is a difficult concept to identify and measure. This article briefly describes the consequences of pain in animals on the farm and explains the reasons for the minimal use of analgesics in farmed animals. Pain can have implications for both animal welfare and economics....

  2. Simple cannulation procedure for serial blood sampling through cutaneous ulnar vein in chickens

    Contributor(s):: Bayer, D. M., Mohan, K., Jayakumar, K., Manafi, M., Pavithra, B. H.

    The objective of the study was to collect repeated, low-stress blood samples from the ulnar vein of chickens required for pharmacokinetic studies or hormonal assays. The study used 5 apparently healthy, unsexed, commercial broiler chickens about 6 weeks old and weighing 1.7-1.9 kg for serial...

  3. Training large macaws for artificial insemination procedures

    Contributor(s):: Leblanc, F., Pothet, G., Jalme, M. S., Dorval, M., Bovet, D.

    For some endangered parrot species, captive breeding may be the only insurance for their survival. However, many individuals in captivity do not reproduce. Artificial insemination (AI) may help overcome reproductive failures or geographic distance. For semen collection in birds, massage is the...

  4. A review of the welfare consequences of surgical castration in piglets and the evaluation of non-surgical methods

    Contributor(s):: Prunier, A., Bonneau, M., Borell, E. H. von, Cinotti, S., Gunn, M., Fredriksen, B., Giersing, M., Morton, D. B., Tuyttens, F. A. M., Velarde, A.

  5. Captive bears in human-animal welfare conflict: a case study of bile extraction on Asia's bear farms

    Contributor(s):: Kikuchi, R.

  6. Evaluation of Zoletil and other injectable anaesthetics for field sedation of brushtail possums (Trichosurus vulpecula)

    Contributor(s):: Morgan, D. R., Scobie, S., Arthur, D. G.

  7. Impact of rapid treatment of sheep lame with footrot on welfare and economics and farmer attitudes to lameness in sheep

    Contributor(s):: Green, L. E., Kaler, J., Wassink, G. J., King, E. M., Thomas, R. G.

  8. Pain perception at slaughter

    Contributor(s):: Johnson, C. B., Gibson, T. J., Stafford, K. J., Mellor, D. J.

  9. Diagnosis and treatement methods in separation anxiety in dogs

    Contributor(s):: Asztalos, L., Papuc, I., Lazar, I.

    A group of 60 dogs from different races, ages and genders in Romania were studied [date not given]. We used clinical and semiological methods and a paraclinical test for the diagnosis of separation anxiety, but the most important and relevant information were the anamnetic dates that the owners...

  10. Treat or euthanize: helping owners make critical decisions regarding pets with behavior problems

    Contributor(s):: Haug, L. I.

    This article describes the environmental and the animal's own factors that influence the development of behaviour problems and aggression and also considers the owners' perceptions, emotions and finances to help them decide on a treatment programme before considering euthanasia.

  11. Voluntary ingestion of buprenorphine in mice

    Contributor(s):: Jacobsen, K. R., Kalliokoski, O., Hau, J., Abelson, K. S. P.

    Buprenorphine is a widely used analgesic for laboratory rodents. Administration of the drug in a desirable food item for voluntary ingestion is an attractive way to administer the drug non-invasively. However, it is vital that the animals ingest the buprenorphine-food-item mix as desired. The...

  12. Proceedings of the 6th International Veterinary Behavior Meeting (IVBM), Riccione, Italy, 17-19 June 2007

    A total of 43 abstracts of papers presented at the 6th International Veterinary Behaviour Meeting are included in this issue. The following topics are covered: behaviour; behavioural medicine; and clinical ethology; behavioural development; relationship and influence of owners on behaviour;...

  13. Buffalo behavioural response to machine milking in early lactation

    Contributor(s):: Cavallina, R., Roncoroni, C., Campagna, M. C., Minero, M., Canali, E.

    Buffalo farming in Italy is traditionally oriented towards mozzarella cheese production. Over the last decade, it has rapidly increased. As a result, intensive techniques and mechanization of farm activities have been introduced. Those sudden changes in rearing techniques have aroused a general...

  14. Assessing fear of novel and startling stimuli in domestic dogs

    Contributor(s):: Ley, J., Coleman, G. J., Holmes, R., Hemsworth, P. H.

    Dog attacks on humans are a community issue and, while defensive and offensive aggression are implicated, little is known about the motivational basis of these attacks. Defensive aggression arising from fear may be implicated in some attacks and thus research on measuring fear in dogs is clearly...

  15. A first description of the physiological and behavioural responses to disbudding in goat kids

    Contributor(s):: Alvarez, L., Gutierrez, J.

    In order to determine the stress response to disbudding, physiological and behavioural response was investigated in disbudded kids and compared with a control group. Disbudded kids (n=14), were disbudded by thermal cauterisation, and control kids (n=15) received the same management without being...

  16. A preliminary study of behaviour-based indicators of pain in cats

    Contributor(s):: Waran, N., Best, L., Williams, V., Salinsky, J., Dale, A., Clarke, N.

    The aim of this preliminary study was to identify key behavioural indicators of pain in cats. The behaviour of cats before and after ovariohysterectomy was analysed using a detailed behavioural ethogram. A comparison of behaviours between cats given pre-operative analgesia only and cats given...

  17. A scoring system to evaluate physical condition and quality of life in geriatric zoo mammals

    Contributor(s):: Follmi, J., Steiger, A., Walzer, C., Robert, N., Geissbuhler, U., Doherr, M. G., Wenker, C.

    The decision to perform euthanasia in geriatric zoo mammals is usually a highly complex procedure involving ethical, medical, emotional and sometimes political factors. However, subsequent necropsies show that the pathological changes of organs and/or the musculoskeletal system are often already...

  18. An evaluation of the suitability of contraceptive methods in golden-headed lion tamarins ( Leontopithecus chrysomelas ), with emphasis on melengestrol acetate (MGA) implants: (II) endocrinological and behavioural effects

    Contributor(s):: Vleeschouwer, K. de, Elsacker, L. van, Heistermann, M., Leus, K.

    In order to be suitable, a contraceptive method should have little or no effects on social organization or behaviour. In callitrichids, changes in socio-sexual interactions between group members, due to hormonal changes induced by contraception, may have consequences for the reproductive...

  19. Aversion to carbon dioxide stunning in pigs: effect of carbon dioxide concentration and halothane genotype

    Contributor(s):: Velarde, A., Cruz, J., Gispert, M., Carrion, D., Torre, J. L. R. de la, Diestre, A., Manteca, X.

    Aversion to the dip-lift stunning system and to the inhalation of 70 and 90% carbon dioxide was assessed in 18 halothane-free (NN) and 14 heterozygous halothane (Nn) slaughter weight pigs using aversion learning techniques and behavioural studies in an experimental slaughterhouse. Pigs were...

  20. Comments from the AZA contraception advisory group on evaluating the suitability of contraceptive methods in golden-headed lion tamarins ( Leontopithecus chrysomelas )

    Contributor(s):: DeMatteo, K. E., Porton, I. J., Asa, C. S.