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Tags: Pharmacology & Pharmacy + Animal welfare

All Categories (1-20 of 42)

  1. Anesthesia in some categories of patients and clinical conditionsAnestesia in alcune categorie di pazienti e condizioni cliniche

    Contributor(s):: Grazioli, O.

    The author analyses anesthesia in the most frequent and risky clinical conditions, for which greater knowledge and attention in anesthetic management are required. In the final part, euthanasia is taken into account, because of its strategic importance, with emotional and psychological aspects...

  2. Assessment of acute pain in cats: signs, tools and limitations

    Contributor(s):: White, K. L.

    Recent advances in pain assessment in companion animals represent a tenacious, painstaking and time-consuming dedication to improving animal welfare. Attitudes and knowledge about pain assessment, particularly in cats, have changed dramatically in the past few decades, representing a very obvious...

  3. Pain detection and amelioration in animals on the farm: issues and options

    Contributor(s):: Anil, L., Anil, S. S., Deen, J.

    Pain in nonhuman animals is a difficult concept to identify and measure. This article briefly describes the consequences of pain in animals on the farm and explains the reasons for the minimal use of analgesics in farmed animals. Pain can have implications for both animal welfare and economics....

  4. Simple cannulation procedure for serial blood sampling through cutaneous ulnar vein in chickens

    Contributor(s):: Bayer, D. M., Mohan, K., Jayakumar, K., Manafi, M., Pavithra, B. H.

    The objective of the study was to collect repeated, low-stress blood samples from the ulnar vein of chickens required for pharmacokinetic studies or hormonal assays. The study used 5 apparently healthy, unsexed, commercial broiler chickens about 6 weeks old and weighing 1.7-1.9 kg for serial...

  5. Training large macaws for artificial insemination procedures

    Contributor(s):: Leblanc, F., Pothet, G., Jalme, M. S., Dorval, M., Bovet, D.

    For some endangered parrot species, captive breeding may be the only insurance for their survival. However, many individuals in captivity do not reproduce. Artificial insemination (AI) may help overcome reproductive failures or geographic distance. For semen collection in birds, massage is the...

  6. Separation anxiety in dogs: general features and treatmentAnsia da separazione nel cane: aspetti generali etrattamento

    Contributor(s):: Talamonti, Z., Civardi, P., Cannas, S., Palestrini, C.

  7. A review of the welfare consequences of surgical castration in piglets and the evaluation of non-surgical methods

    Contributor(s):: Prunier, A., Bonneau, M., Borell, E. H. von, Cinotti, S., Gunn, M., Fredriksen, B., Giersing, M., Morton, D. B., Tuyttens, F. A. M., Velarde, A.

  8. Captive bears in human-animal welfare conflict: a case study of bile extraction on Asia's bear farms

    Contributor(s):: Kikuchi, R.

  9. Evaluation of Zoletil and other injectable anaesthetics for field sedation of brushtail possums (Trichosurus vulpecula)

    Contributor(s):: Morgan, D. R., Scobie, S., Arthur, D. G.

  10. Impact of rapid treatment of sheep lame with footrot on welfare and economics and farmer attitudes to lameness in sheep

    Contributor(s):: Green, L. E., Kaler, J., Wassink, G. J., King, E. M., Thomas, R. G.

  11. Pain perception at slaughter

    Contributor(s):: Johnson, C. B., Gibson, T. J., Stafford, K. J., Mellor, D. J.

  12. Carbon dioxide for euthanasia: concerns regarding pain and distress, with special reference to mice and rats

    Contributor(s):: Conlee, K. M., Stephens, M. L., Rowan, A. N., King, L. A.

  13. Stimulation of serotonin (5-HT) activity reduces spontaneous stereotypies in female but not in male bank voles ( Clethrionomys glareolus ). Stereotyping female voles as a new animal model for human anxiety and mood disorders?

    Contributor(s):: Schoenecker, B., Heller, K. E.

    Spontaneously stereotyping female and male bank voles were injected daily (except on days assigned for monitoring behaviour) during 3 weeks with placebo, the neurolepticum clozapine or the SSRI antidepressant citalopram. Clozapine blocks dopamine (DA) receptors and acts as a partial serotonin...

  14. Treatment of separation anxiety in dogs with clomipramine: results from a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, multicenter clinical trial

    Contributor(s):: King, J. N., Simpson, B. S., Overall, K. L., Appleby, D., Pageat, P., Ross, C., Chaurand, J. P., Heath, S., Beata, C., Weiss, A. B., Muller, G., Paris, T., Bataille, B. G., Parker, J., Petit, S., Wren, J.

    The efficacy and tolerability of clomipramine in the treatment of separation anxiety in dogs was tested in a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, international multicentre clinical trial. For a diagnosis of separation anxiety, dogs had to exhibit at least one...

  15. The Use of alternatives in drug research

    Contributor(s):: Rowan, Andrew N., Stratmann, Carl J.

  16. Diagnosis and treatement methods in separation anxiety in dogs

    Contributor(s):: Asztalos, L., Papuc, I., Lazar, I.

    A group of 60 dogs from different races, ages and genders in Romania were studied [date not given]. We used clinical and semiological methods and a paraclinical test for the diagnosis of separation anxiety, but the most important and relevant information were the anamnetic dates that the owners...

  17. Treat or euthanize: helping owners make critical decisions regarding pets with behavior problems

    Contributor(s):: Haug, L. I.

    This article describes the environmental and the animal's own factors that influence the development of behaviour problems and aggression and also considers the owners' perceptions, emotions and finances to help them decide on a treatment programme before considering euthanasia.

  18. Voluntary ingestion of buprenorphine in mice

    Contributor(s):: Jacobsen, K. R., Kalliokoski, O., Hau, J., Abelson, K. S. P.

    Buprenorphine is a widely used analgesic for laboratory rodents. Administration of the drug in a desirable food item for voluntary ingestion is an attractive way to administer the drug non-invasively. However, it is vital that the animals ingest the buprenorphine-food-item mix as desired. The...

  19. Proceedings of the 6th International Veterinary Behavior Meeting (IVBM), Riccione, Italy, 17-19 June 2007

    A total of 43 abstracts of papers presented at the 6th International Veterinary Behaviour Meeting are included in this issue. The following topics are covered: behaviour; behavioural medicine; and clinical ethology; behavioural development; relationship and influence of owners on behaviour;...

  20. Buffalo behavioural response to machine milking in early lactation

    Contributor(s):: Cavallina, R., Roncoroni, C., Campagna, M. C., Minero, M., Canali, E.

    Buffalo farming in Italy is traditionally oriented towards mozzarella cheese production. Over the last decade, it has rapidly increased. As a result, intensive techniques and mechanization of farm activities have been introduced. Those sudden changes in rearing techniques have aroused a general...