COVID 19 - induced stress in dogs owned by elderly people
Contributor(s):: Malancus, R. N.
Human ability to interpret alpaca body language
| Contributor(s):: Kapustka, J., Budzynska, M.
In recent years, the interest in the rearing and use of alpacas (Vicugna pacos) has been increasing. However, the number of scientific articles on the behavioral traits of this animal species is still limited. The aim of the study was to determine the human ability to read the body language of...
Evaluating the Strange Situation Procedure (SSP) to Assess the Bond between Dogs and Humans
| Contributor(s):: Therese Rehn, Ragen T. S. McGowan, Linda J. Keeling
The Strange Situation Procedure (SSP) is increasingly being used to study attachment between dogs and humans. It has been developed from the Ainsworth Strange Situation Procedure, which is used extensively to investigate attachment between children and their parents. In this experiment, 12...
Human-animal interaction: productive impact on the dairy herd. CommunicationInteraccion humano-animal: impacto productivo en rodeos lecheros. Comunicacion
| Contributor(s):: Martinez, G. M., Suarez, V. H., Bertoni, E. A.
Positive and negative gestational handling influences placental traits and mother-offspring behavior in dairy goats
| Contributor(s):: Baxter, E. M., Mulligan, J., Hall, S. A., Donbavand, J. E., Palme, R., Aldujaili, E., Zanella, A. J., Dwyer, C. M.
Dairy animals are subjected to a number of potential stressors throughout their lives, including daily interactions with humans. The quality of these interactions may have direct consequences for the animal undergoing the experience, but if such events occur during gestation it may also affect...
Examining dog-human play: the characteristics, affect, and vocalizations of a unique interspecific interaction
| Contributor(s):: Horowitz, A., Hecht, J.
Despite the growing interest in research on the interaction between humans and dogs, only a very few research projects focus on the routines between dogs and their owners. In this study, we investigated one such routine: dog-human play. Dyadic interspecific play is known to be a common...
Interaccion humano-animal: impacto productivo en rodeos lecheros. Comunicacion
In the company of humans
| Contributor(s):: Terborgh, John
The role of therapy dogs in speed and accuracy to complete motor skills tasks for preschool children
| Contributor(s):: Gee, N. R., Harris, S. L., Johnson, K. L.
The purpose of this study was to determine whether the presence of a therapy dog would affect the performance of a set of gross motor skills tasks for a mixed group of language-impaired and typical pre-school children. The 14 children in the group were between four and six years old (four female...
Well-being and its roots
| Contributor(s):: Fraser, A. F.
This chapter describes the physiological and behavioural indicators of health and well-being in cats. The specific behavioural traits of some different cat breeds are also included.
Ethische Aspekte der physischen und der psychischen Belastung des Pferdes durch dessen reiterliche Nutzung
| Contributor(s):: Meyer, H.
Behavior as a tool for welfare improvement and conservation management in the endangered lizard ( Gallotia bravoana )
| Contributor(s):: Mesa-Avila, G., Molina-Borja, M.
The study assessed the behavior of Gallotia bravoana (La Gomera, Canary Islands, one of the world's most threatened reptiles) to facilitate management decisions and improve welfare during initial stages of a species' recovery plan. The study analyzed - and remote-controlled video cameras filmed -...
Caregiver perceptions of what indoor cats do "for fun"
| Contributor(s):: Shyan-Norwalt, M. R.
In a survey conducted to determine enrichment activities for indoor cats in the caregivers' homes, 304 indoor-cat caregivers answered structured interviews about their cats' use of windows and other "fun activities." The survey asked caregivers about durations of window use, what cats watched...
Effects of three food enrichment items on the behavior of black lemurs ( Eulemur macaco macaco ) and ringtail lemurs ( Lemur catta ) at the Henson Robinson Zoo, Springfield, Illinois
| Contributor(s):: Maloney, M. A., Meiers, S. T., White, J., Romano, M. A.
This study tested 3 food enrichment items mentioned in a laboratory primate newsletter with 6 adult Eulemur macaco and 3 adult Lemur catta to examine whether the items would affect the behavior of the lemurs. The results suggest that Food Enrichment Item 3 (a wire box filled with whole grapes,...
Environmental effects on the behavior of zoo-housed lions and tigers, with a case study of the effects of a visual barrier on pacing
| Contributor(s):: Bashaw, M. J., Kelling, A. S., Bloomsmith, M. A., Maple, T. L.
Tigers and lions in the wild are nocturnal nonhuman animals who may hunt and mate opportunistically during daylight hours. In captivity, they spend most time on exhibit sleeping or pacing. To better understand their activity budget, this study examined the daily behavior patterns of 2 Sumatran...
Introducing a semi-naturalistic exhibit as structural enrichment for two brown bears ( Ursus arctos ). Does this ensure their captive well-being?
| Contributor(s):: Soriano, A. I., Ensenyat, C., Serrat, S., Mate, C.
In this study we used the daily activity pattern and use of space as indicators of change in the program of structural enrichment, implemented with 2 subjects of the species Ursus arctos in the Barcelona Zoo. We collected 930 sampling points in each study phase for each of the individuals: The...
Links between play and dominance and attachment dimensions of dog-human relationships
| Contributor(s):: Rooney, N. J., Bradshaw, J. W. S.
It is often claimed that certain behavioral problems in domestic dogs can be triggered by the games played by dog and caregiver (owner). In this study, we examine possible links between the types of games played and dimensions of the dog-owner relationship that are generally considered to affect...
The physiological and behavioural impact of sensory contact among unfamiliar adult mice in the laboratory
| Contributor(s):: Rettich, A., Kasermann, H. P., Pelczar, P., Burki, K., Arras, M.
Housing mice in the laboratory in groups enables social interaction and is the way a laboratory should house mice. However, adult males show reciprocal aggression and are therefore frequently housed individually. Alternatively, a grid divider, which allows sensory contact by sight and smell but...
Owners and pets exercising together: canine response to veterinarian-prescribed physical activity
| Contributor(s):: Byers, C. G., Wilson, C. C., Stephens, M. B., Goodie, J. L., Netting, F. E., Olsen, C. H.
Using a prospective, randomized, single-blinded clinical design, we enrolled dog owners (DOs) and their dogs presenting to a veterinary referral hospital in a two-phase trial to determine whether veterinarian-initiated counseling increases physical activity and leads to secondary health benefits...
A comparison of uniaxial and triaxial accelerometers for the assessment of physical activity in dogs
| Contributor(s):: Cheung, K. W., Starling, M. J., McGreevy, P. D.
The present study compares the outputs of uniaxial accelerometer (UA) and triaxial accelerometer (TA) to determine whether UAs can be used instead of TAs in estimating physical activity (PA) in domestic dogs (N=79). The PA of the dogs was measured simultaneously by a UA and a TA attached to...