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  1. COVID 19 - induced stress in dogs owned by elderly people

    Contributor(s):: Malancus, R. N.

  2. Validation of an accelerometer to quantify inactivity in laying hens with or without keel-bone fractures

    Contributor(s):: Casey-Trott, T. M., Widowski, T. M.

  3. Human ability to interpret alpaca body language

    Contributor(s):: Kapustka, J., Budzynska, M.

  4. A Birth Cohort Analysis to Study Dog Walking in Adolescence Shows No Relationship with Objectively Measured Physical Activity

    Contributor(s):: Carri Westgarth, Andrew R. Ness, Calum Mattocks, Robert M. Christley

    Physical inactivity during childhood and adolescence is a serious health concern. There are few studies of the activity undertaken by adolescents when walking with the family dog, and the effect of this on objectively measured physical activity levels. Objective measures of physical activity...

  5. Walk A Hound, Lose A Pound, & Stay Fit for Seniors

    Contributor(s):: Rebecca Ann Johnson, Charlotte McKenney, Sandra McCune

    Background: Obesity rates in older adults are linked with the national problem of limited physical activity (PA), resulting in chronic illness. Obesity-related illness and functional loss require innovative interventions. Older adult dog walkers maintained physical functioning over a 3 year...

  6. Human-animal interaction: productive impact on the dairy herd. CommunicationInteraccion humano-animal: impacto productivo en rodeos lecheros. Comunicacion

    Contributor(s):: Martinez, G. M., Suarez, V. H., Bertoni, E. A.

  7. Positive and negative gestational handling influences placental traits and mother-offspring behavior in dairy goats

    Contributor(s):: Baxter, E. M., Mulligan, J., Hall, S. A., Donbavand, J. E., Palme, R., Aldujaili, E., Zanella, A. J., Dwyer, C. M.

    Dairy animals are subjected to a number of potential stressors throughout their lives, including daily interactions with humans. The quality of these interactions may have direct consequences for the animal undergoing the experience, but if such events occur during gestation it may also affect...

  8. Monty Roberts' Public Demonstrations: Preliminary Report on the Heart Rate and Heart Rate Variability of Horses Undergoing Training during Live Audience Events

    Contributor(s):: Loni Loftus, Kelly Marks, Rosie Jones-McVey, Jose L. Gonzales, Veronica L. Fowler

    Effective training of horses relies on the trainer’s awareness of learning theory and equine ethology, and should be undertaken with skill and time. Some trainers, such as Monty Roberts, share their methods through the medium of public demonstrations. This paper describes the opportunistic...

  9. Human-animal interaction: productive impact on the dairy herd. CommunicationInteraccion humano-animal: impacto productivo en rodeos lecheros. Comunicacion

    Contributor(s):: Martinez, G. M., Suarez, V. H., Bertoni, E. A.

  10. Barking and marking: decoding the language of dogs: Chris Ramsay at TEDxClevelandStateUniversity

    Contributor(s):: Chris Ramsay

    In this talk, Chris will give fascinating background into the world of dogs and how to keep man and man's best friend on their best behavior.With over a decade of study under his belt, Chris Ramsay, professional K9 specialist, can interpret the language of dogs – both vocal and...

  11. Well-being and its roots

    Contributor(s):: Fraser, A. F.

    This chapter describes the physiological and behavioural indicators of health and well-being in cats. The specific behavioural traits of some different cat breeds are also included.

  12. Ethische Aspekte der physischen und der psychischen Belastung des Pferdes durch dessen reiterliche Nutzung

    Contributor(s):: Meyer, H.

  13. Behavior as a tool for welfare improvement and conservation management in the endangered lizard ( Gallotia bravoana )

    Contributor(s):: Mesa-Avila, G., Molina-Borja, M.

    The study assessed the behavior of Gallotia bravoana (La Gomera, Canary Islands, one of the world's most threatened reptiles) to facilitate management decisions and improve welfare during initial stages of a species' recovery plan. The study analyzed - and remote-controlled video cameras filmed -...

  14. Caregiver perceptions of what indoor cats do "for fun"

    Contributor(s):: Shyan-Norwalt, M. R.

    In a survey conducted to determine enrichment activities for indoor cats in the caregivers' homes, 304 indoor-cat caregivers answered structured interviews about their cats' use of windows and other "fun activities." The survey asked caregivers about durations of window use, what cats watched...

  15. Effects of three food enrichment items on the behavior of black lemurs ( Eulemur macaco macaco ) and ringtail lemurs ( Lemur catta ) at the Henson Robinson Zoo, Springfield, Illinois

    Contributor(s):: Maloney, M. A., Meiers, S. T., White, J., Romano, M. A.

    This study tested 3 food enrichment items mentioned in a laboratory primate newsletter with 6 adult Eulemur macaco and 3 adult Lemur catta to examine whether the items would affect the behavior of the lemurs. The results suggest that Food Enrichment Item 3 (a wire box filled with whole grapes,...

  16. Enclosure design and space utilization by Indian leopards ( Panthera pardus ) in four zoos in Southern India

    Contributor(s):: Avanti, Mallapur, Qamar, Qureshi, Ravi, Chellam

    Enclosure design and the use of enclosure space influence the activity budget of captive leopards. The study laid out in grids all enclosures on the base map and segregated these grids into 4 zones. Every 5 min, the study recorded the proportion of time spent in these zones with the leopards'...

  17. Environmental effects on the behavior of zoo-housed lions and tigers, with a case study of the effects of a visual barrier on pacing

    Contributor(s):: Bashaw, M. J., Kelling, A. S., Bloomsmith, M. A., Maple, T. L.

    Tigers and lions in the wild are nocturnal nonhuman animals who may hunt and mate opportunistically during daylight hours. In captivity, they spend most time on exhibit sleeping or pacing. To better understand their activity budget, this study examined the daily behavior patterns of 2 Sumatran...

  18. Introducing a semi-naturalistic exhibit as structural enrichment for two brown bears ( Ursus arctos ). Does this ensure their captive well-being?

    Contributor(s):: Soriano, A. I., Ensenyat, C., Serrat, S., Mate, C.

    In this study we used the daily activity pattern and use of space as indicators of change in the program of structural enrichment, implemented with 2 subjects of the species Ursus arctos in the Barcelona Zoo. We collected 930 sampling points in each study phase for each of the individuals: The...

  19. Physiological arousal for companion dogs working with their owners in animal-assisted activities and animal-assisted therapy

    Contributor(s):: Haubenhofer, D. K., Kirchengast, S.

    This study investigated the physiological reactions of companion dogs (Canis familiaris) used in animal-assisted activities and animal-assisted therapy by measuring salivary cortisol concentrations. The dog caregivers (owners) collected saliva samples (a) at 3 control days without therapeutic...

  20. The influence of the location of a nest box in an individually ventilated cage on the preference of mice to use it

    Contributor(s):: Kostomitsopoulos, N. G., Paronis, E., Alexakos, P., Balafas, E., Loo, P. van, Baumans, V.

    The improvement of housing conditions for mice by using environmental enrichment materials is of high concern for the scientific community. Plastic, autoclavable nest boxes are commercially available and ready to use for specific cases such as in individually ventilated cages, metabolic cages, or...