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  1. Factors Influencing Farmer Willingness to Reduce Aggression between Pigs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Rachel S. E. Peden, Faical Akaichi, Irene Camerlink, Laura A. Boyle, Simon P. Turner

    Aggression between pigs remains an important animal welfare issue despite several solutions existing. Uptake of livestock welfare research relies on various stakeholders being willing to recommend or adopt changes to farm structure or management (e.g., veterinarians, researchers, farmers). This...

  2. Compassionate Conservation: Exploring the Lives of African Wild Dogs (Lycaon pictus) in Botswana

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Valli-Laurente Fraser-Celin, Alice J. Hovorka

    This paper argues for a more compassionate conservation by positioning animals as subjects in research and scholarship. Compassionate conservation is a multidisciplinary field of study that broadly attends to the ethical dimensions of conservation by merging conservation biology and animal...

  3. Urban Underdogs

    Full-text: Available

    Urban Underdogs is a non-profit organization created to help animals in underserved communities in the Las Vegas Valley. We’re an ALL-VOLUNTEER ORGANIZATION incorporated in the state of Nevada providing food for companion animals, animal welfare education, and negotiating basic...

  4. Ocitocina sérica e comportamento afetivo de cães na interação com crianças e adultos

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Luelyn Jockyman

    A ocitocina tem sido usada como parâmetro para medir os laços sociais em animais. Recentemente foi demonstrado que a concentração de ocitocina aumenta em cães e donos quando interagem positivamente e, possivelmente, que na interação com...

  5. Farmer Perceptions of Pig Aggression Compared to Animal-Based Measures of Fight Outcome

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Rachel S.E. Peden, Irene Camerlink, Laura A. Boyle, Faical Akaichi, Simon P. Turner

    Several animal welfare issues persist in practice despite extensive research which has been linked to the unwillingness of stakeholders to make changes. For example, most farmers do not perceive pig aggression to be a problem that requires action despite the fact that stress and injuries are...

  6. Thermal Micro-Environment during Poultry Transportation in South Central United States

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Douglas J. Aldridge, Kaushik Luthra, Yi Liang, Karen Christensen, Susan E. Watkins, Colin G. Scanes

    This observational study was conducted to characterize the thermal micro- climate that broilers experienced in commercial poultry transporters under various weather conditions and typical management practices in the South Central USA. We continuously monitored temperature and relative humidity...

  7. Animal Ethical Views and Perception of Animal Pain in Veterinary Students

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Anna Valros, Laura Hänninen

    Veterinary students face several ethical challenges during their curriculum. We used the Animal Ethics Dilemma to study animal ethical views of Finnish veterinary students, and also asked them to score the level of pain perception in 13 different species. Based on the 218 respondents, the...

  8. Sheep Farmers' Perception of Welfare and Pain Associated with Routine Husbandry Practices in Chile

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Cristian Larrondo, Hedie Bustamante, Carmen Gallo

    Considering the public concern about the welfare of farm animals during routine husbandry practices, this study aimed to determine how husbandry practices are carried out in Chilean farms, sheep farmers’ perceptions of animal welfare and pain, and factors that affect them, as well as the...

  9. Reducing the Consumer Attitude–Behaviour Gap in Animal Welfare: The Potential Role of 'Nudges'

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Belinda Vigors

    Citizen concern for the welfare of farm animals is well documented. However, there is a notable gap between people saying they want improved farm animal welfare and how they actually behave as a consumer. This is known as the citizen–consumer attitude–behaviour gap. As improvements...

  10. The Natural Behavior Debate: Two Conceptions of Animal Welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Browning, Heather

    The performance of natural behavior is commonly used as a criterion in the determination of animal welfare. This is still true, despite many authors having demonstrated that it is not a necessary component of welfare – some natural behaviors may decrease welfare, while some unnatural behaviors...

  11. Understanding Preferences for Humane and Cruel Treatment of Pest Rodents in Site C, Khayelitsha, South Africa

    | Contributor(s):: Buckland, Adam, Nattrass, Nicoli

    The cruel treatment of pest rodents is a neglected area of study. This paper uses a representative survey from Khayelitsha (Cape Town) to show that a minority of residents preferred rodent control to be humane but that most did not care how rats are killed and almost a fifth said they would be...

  12. Demographic Factors Associated with Prince Edward Island Horse Farm Owner Awareness of the Code of Practice for the Care and Handling of Equines

    | Contributor(s):: Millican, Lisa, Vanderstichel, Raphael, McClure, J., MacMillan, Kathleen

    The objectives of this study were to determine the proportion of owners of horse farms in Prince Edward Island (PEI), Canada that were aware of the Code of Practice for the Care and Handling of Equines (CODE) and determine demographic factors associated with awareness. A questionnaire was...

  13. Small Flocks Show Higher Levels of Welfare in Mexican Semi-Intensive Sheep Farming Systems

    | Contributor(s):: Mondragón-Ancelmo, Jaime, Hernández, Patricia García, Rubio, Rolando Rojo, Vara, Ignacio Arturo Domínguez, Gigena, Marcia del Campo, Napolitano, Fabio

    In order to assess the level of sheep welfare in small traditional farms as compared with farms of increased size we evaluated several animal-based parameters and applied a modified Animal Needs Index (ANI) protocol in farms located in the North-East of the country. We selected ten sheep farms: 5...

  14. Relation between stockperson behavior toward cows in a holding area and milk yields

    | Contributor(s):: Saito, H., Seo, T.

  15. Naturalness and the Legitimacy of Thoroughbred Racing: A Photo-Elicitation Study with Industry and Animal Advocacy Informants

    | Contributor(s):: Bergmann, I. M.

  16. Veterinary Behavior: Assessment of Veterinarians' Training, Experience, and Comfort Level with Cases

    | Contributor(s):: Kogan, L. R., Hellyer, P. W., Rishniw, M., Schoenfeld-Tacher, R.

  17. Using Focus Groups to Explore Public Perceptions of Legal Rights for Animals

    | Contributor(s):: Broad, Garrett M.

    A robust debate regarding the ideal legal status of nonhuman animals has been taking place for some time among legal scholars, philosophers, animal scientists, social scientists, and humanists. Significantly less attention has been paid, however, to exploring how members of the public...

  18. Australian and New Zealand Veterinary Students’ Ranking of Issues in Aquatic Animal Welfare and Ethics

    | Contributor(s):: Lloyd, Janice K. F., Collins, Teresa, Cornish, Amelia R., Degeling, Christopher, Fawcett, Anne, Fisher, Andrew D., Freire, Rafael, Hazel, Susan J., Hood, Jennifer, Johnson, Jane, Phillips, Clive J. C., Stafford, Kevin J., Tzioumis, Vicky, McGreevy, Paul D.

    The welfare of aquatic animals is receiving increasing attention around the world, and this should be reflected in the veterinary curricular. Veterinary students in Australia and New Zealand ranked the importance of five pre-selected topics on aquatic animal welfare and ethical issues for newly...

  19. A review of neonatal mortality in outdoor organic production and possibilities to increase piglet survival

    | Contributor(s):: Schild, S. Lina A., Baxter, Emma M., Pedersen, Lene J.

    The current level of piglet mortality in production systems with outdoor farrowing is high and conflicts with the ethical principles of organic farming. Over the last decade, there has been a rise in scientific studies addressing the level of piglet mortality in outdoor pig production and the...

  20. Which types of rooting material give weaner pigs most pleasure?

    | Contributor(s):: Ocepek, Marko, Newberry, Ruth C., Andersen, Inger Lise

    Provision of rooting material as enrichment for pigs has been primarily oriented towards reducing negative affect (suffering). Information is also needed on the impact of different types of rooting materials in promoting positive affect (pleasure). We hypothesised that repeated addition of fresh...