Bait flavor preference and immunogenicity of ONRAB baits in domestic dogs on the Navajo Nation, Arizona
| Contributor(s):: Are R. Berentsen, Scott Bender, Peggy Bender, David Bergman, Amy T. Gilbert, Hannah M. Rowland, Kurt C. VerCauteren
Rabies is responsible for an estimated 59,000 human deaths worldwide, and domestic dogs are the primary reservoir and vector of the disease. Among some nations, widespread vaccination has led to elimination of rabies in domestic dogs, yet dogs are still susceptible to rabies infection from...
Veterinary Public Health Activities and Management of the Livestock Sector during Earthquakes and Snowstorms in the Abruzzo Region—Italy, January 2017
| Contributor(s):: Paolo Migliaccio, Maria Nardoia, Luigi Possenti, Paolo Dalla Villa
In 2017 the Abruzzo region, located in central Italy, was struck by a sequence of four moderately powerful seismic events (5.0 magnitude on Richter scale), in addition to heavy snowfall that caused a state of emergency affecting the resident population and farm animals. A total of 282 stables...
Emotion in dogs: Translational and transformative aspects
| Contributor(s):: Silvan R Urfer
Kujala (2017) provides an excellent overview of most aspects of emotion in dogs; however, she does not cover a few fields of research that I think are also relevant to the topic. In this commentary, I discuss the current state of our knowledge regarding cognitive decline and behavioral...
Demographics Regarding Belief in Non-Human Animal Sentience and Emotional Empathy with Animals: A Pilot Study among Attendees of an Animal Welfare Symposium
| Contributor(s):: Amelia Cornish, Bethany Wilson, David Raubenheimer, Paul McGreevy
Attitudes to animals are linked to beliefs about their ability to experience pain and suffering, their cognition, and their sentience. Education and awareness-raising play a pivotal role in increasing society’s consideration of non-human animal welfare. The current pilot study explores...
The Effect of Extensive Human Presence at an Early Age on Stress Responses and Reactivity of Juvenile Ostriches towards Humans
| Contributor(s):: Pfunzo T. Muvhali, Maud Bonato, Anel Engelbrecht, Irek A. Malecki, Denise Hough, Jane E. Robinson, Neil P. Evans, Schalk W. P. Cloete
The effect of extensive human presence and regular gentle handling performed at an early age (0–3 months old) on stress responses and reactivity of juvenile ostriches towards humans was investigated. A total of 416 ostrich chicks over two years were exposed to one of three treatments for...
Animal rescuers and the HR
| Contributor(s):: Erasmo de Oliveira
Animal rescuers and the HRIf you are an animal rescuer, this page can help you make partnerships. Send the link by email to the HR of the companies near your home! Angelina Jolie, Pamela Anderson, Brigitte Bardot and even 007 Pierce Brosnan are also in the fight for animals. Are...
Hounds and Heroes
Hounds and Heroes is a national nonprofit dedicated to lifting the spirit and morale of active, wounded, and veteran military troops; and to increase community awareness, education, and involvement about cruelty to animals and care for animals through rescue, foster, and adoption.
The Natural Behavior Debate: Two Conceptions of Animal Welfare
| Contributor(s):: Browning, Heather
The performance of natural behavior is commonly used as a criterion in the determination of animal welfare. This is still true, despite many authors having demonstrated that it is not a necessary component of welfare – some natural behaviors may decrease welfare, while some unnatural behaviors...
Understanding Preferences for Humane and Cruel Treatment of Pest Rodents in Site C, Khayelitsha, South Africa
| Contributor(s):: Buckland, Adam, Nattrass, Nicoli
The cruel treatment of pest rodents is a neglected area of study. This paper uses a representative survey from Khayelitsha (Cape Town) to show that a minority of residents preferred rodent control to be humane but that most did not care how rats are killed and almost a fifth said they would be...
Demographic Factors Associated with Prince Edward Island Horse Farm Owner Awareness of the Code of Practice for the Care and Handling of Equines
| Contributor(s):: Millican, Lisa, Vanderstichel, Raphael, McClure, J., MacMillan, Kathleen
The objectives of this study were to determine the proportion of owners of horse farms in Prince Edward Island (PEI), Canada that were aware of the Code of Practice for the Care and Handling of Equines (CODE) and determine demographic factors associated with awareness. A questionnaire was...
Small Flocks Show Higher Levels of Welfare in Mexican Semi-Intensive Sheep Farming Systems
| Contributor(s):: Mondragón-Ancelmo, Jaime, Hernández, Patricia García, Rubio, Rolando Rojo, Vara, Ignacio Arturo Domínguez, Gigena, Marcia del Campo, Napolitano, Fabio
In order to assess the level of sheep welfare in small traditional farms as compared with farms of increased size we evaluated several animal-based parameters and applied a modified Animal Needs Index (ANI) protocol in farms located in the North-East of the country. We selected ten sheep farms: 5...
Changing Human Behavior to Improve Animal Welfare: A Longitudinal Investigation of Training Laboratory Animal Personnel about Heterospecific Play or "Rat Tickling"
| Contributor(s):: LaFollette, M. R., Cloutier, S., Brady, C. M., O'Haire, M. E., Gaskill, B. N.
Investigation of Physiological and Behavioral Responses in Dogs Participating in Animal-Assisted Therapy with Children Diagnosed with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
| Contributor(s):: Melco, A. L., Goldman, L., Fine, A. H., Peralta, J. M.
Extensive human presence and regular gentle handling improve growth, survival and immune competence in ostrich chicks
| Contributor(s):: Muvhali, P. T., Bonato, M., Engelbrecht, A., Malecki, I. A., Cloete, S. W. P.
Anthrozoology in Action: Performing Cognitive Training Paths in a Garden Shelter to Make Dogs More Suitable as Pets
| Contributor(s):: Vitulli, V., Zanin, L., Trentini, R., Lucidi, P.
Animal welfare in the U.S. slaughter industry-a focus on fed cattle
| Contributor(s):: Edwards-Callaway, L. N., Calvo-Lorenzo, M. S.
Emotions and Ethical Decision-Making in Animal Ethics Committees
| Contributor(s):: Elisabeth Tjärnström, Elin M. Weber, Jan Hultgren, Helena Röcklinsberg
Ethical evaluation of projects involving animal testing is mandatory within the EU and other countries. However, the evaluation process has been subject to criticism, e.g., that the committees are not balanced or democratic enough and that the utilitarian weighting of harm and benefit that is...
Relationship of human and animal tuberculosis in the interface areas of the National parks of the Kafue Basin in Zambia
| Contributor(s):: Musso Munyeme
Tuberculosis is a disease of worldwide public health and economic importance. In Zambia the disease has been consistently reported in the Kafue Basin without a clear understanding of transmission dynamics in the livestock-wildlife interface. The main objective of this study was to determine the...
Familiarity and Interest in Working with Livestock Decreases the Odds of Having Positive Attitudes towards Non-Human Animals and Their Welfare among Veterinary Students in Italy
| Contributor(s):: Chiara Mariti, Federica Pirrone, Mariangela Albertini, Angelo Gazzano, Silvana Diverio
We investigated the attitudes of veterinary students towards animals and their welfare in Italy. Regression analyses revealed predictors that are significant in differentiating students’ scoring tendency based on their gender, familiarity, and intention to work with a specific animal...