Local knowledge held by farmers in Eastern Tyrol (Austria) about the use of plants to maintain and improve animal health and welfare
Contributor(s):: Vogl, C. R., Vogl-Lukasser, B., Walkenhorst, M.
Background: The sustainable management of animal health and welfare is of increasing importance to consumers and a key topic in the organic farming movement. Few systematic studies have been undertaken investigating farmers' local knowledge related to this issue. Ethnoveterinary medicine (EVM) is...
Silvopastoral systems for sustainable animal production and the role of animal welfare
Contributor(s):: Broom, D.
A modeling approach for estimating seasonal dietary preferences of goats in a Mediterranean Quercus frainetto-Juniperus oxycedrus woodland
Contributor(s):: Manousidis, T., Malesios, C., Kyriazopoulos, A. P., Parissi, Z. M., Abraham, E. M., Abas, Z.
Goats are characterized as selective feeders due to their specific feeding behavior, thus the study of their seasonal preferences in a Mediterranean oak-juniper ecosystem is of great interest. The current research was conducted in an open oak forest in Megalo Dereio region, northeastern Greece...
Behavioural response of pure Ankole and crossbred (Ankole * Holstein) cows to seasonal pasture variations in south-western Uganda
Contributor(s):: Idibu, J., Kabi, F., Mpairwe, D.
This study evaluated the effects of season and pasture species on variations in sward composition, pasture quantity (plant-height and biomass) and quality [crude protein (CP), neutral detergent fibre (NDF) and in vitro organic matter digestibility (IVOMD)]. Behavioural responses of a group of 10...
Degree of synchrony based on individual observations underlines the importance of concurrent access to enrichment materials in finishing pigs
Contributor(s):: Zwicker, B., Weber, R., Wechsler, B., Gygax, L.
Pigs are sociable animals with a strong motivation to explore and forage, and it has been stated that they have a strong motivation to do so synchronously. We examined the synchrony of exploration in groups of finishing pigs when enrichment materials were offered. We used a novel measure of...
Hunger in pregnant sows: effects of a fibrous diet and free access to straw
Contributor(s):: Jensen, M. B., Pedersen, L. J., Theil, P. K., Knudsen, K. E. B.
Fibrous diets and the provision of straw have been suggested to reduce feeding motivation in pregnant sows. The present experiment investigated the separate and interactive effects of a fibrous diet and ad libitum access to straw on feeding motivation, oral behaviour and plasma levels of...
Dietary fatty acid composition significantly influenced the proactive-reactive behaviour of Senegalese sole ( Solea senegalensis) post-larvae
Contributor(s):: Ibarra-Zatarain, Z., Morais, S., Bonacic, K., Campoverde, C., Duncan, N.
Few studies have examined the influence of diet on larval proactive-reactive behavioural dimension of stress coping style responses. The present study evaluated the influence of using different vegetables oils (Linseed; Soybean; Olive) and fish oil (Cod liver) for Artemia metanauplii nutritional...
Condensed tannins reduce browsing and increase grazing time of free-ranging goats in semi-arid savannas
Contributor(s):: Mkhize, N. R., Heitkonig, I. M. A., Scogings, P. F., Dziba, L. E., Prins, H. H. T., Boer, W. F. de
Tannin concentrations fluctuate spatially and temporally within and among plant species, with consequences for forage quality of herbivores. The extent to which these fluctuations influence foraging activities of goats is not fully understood. While accounting for the effects of the time of the...
Density-dependent diet selection and body condition of cattle and horses in heterogeneous landscapes
Contributor(s):: Cornelissen, P., Vulink, J. T.
For some decades, grazing by cattle and horses is used as a management tool to achieve different nature management goals. For managers there are still questions to be answered about the effects of herbivore densities on their performance, vegetation development and biodiversity. This study...
A survey of the attitudes of stakeholders in the zoo industry towards the husbandry requirements of captive Great Apes
Contributor(s):: Fernie, A. C., Tribe, A., Murray, P. J., Lisle, A., Phillips, C. J. C.
Behaviour and welfare of veal calves fed different amounts of solid feed supplemented to a milk replacer ration adjusted for similar growth
Contributor(s):: Webb, L. E., Bokkers, E. A. M., Engel, B., Gerrits, W. J. J., Berends, H., Reenen, C. G. van
Claw removal and feeding ability in the edible crab, Cancer pagurus : implications for fishery practice
Contributor(s):: Patterson, L., Dick, J. T. A., Elwood, R. W.
Feeding ability and motivation were assessed in the edible crab, Cancer pagurus, to investigate how the fishery practice of de-clawing may affect live crabs returned to the sea. Crabs were either induced to autotomise one claw, or were only handled, before they were offered food. Initially,...
Cockatiels ( Nymphicus hollandicus ) reject very low levels of plant secondary compounds
Contributor(s):: Matson, K. D., Millam, J. R., Klasing, K. C.
The rejection thresholds of caged cockatiels (Nymphicus hollandicus) were tested to determine their sensitivity to plant secondary compounds. Both alkaloids and tannins were tested using a two-bottle method in which purified water was always available in one bottle and an aqueous test solution...
Diet preference for grass and legumes in free-ranging domestic sheep and cattle: current theory and future application
Contributor(s):: Rutter, S. M.
This paper reviews the current theory and potential practical applications of research on the diet preference for grass and legumes in grazing domestic sheep and cattle. Although much of this work has focussed on grass and clover as a model system, it has wider theoretical implications and...
Dietary preference of dairy heifers grazing ryegrass and white clover, with and without an anti-bloat treatment
Contributor(s):: Rutter, S. M., Orr, R. J., Yarrow, N. H., Champion, R. A.
The effect of an antibloat treatment on the dietary preference of nonpregnant Holstein x Friesian heifers for ryegrass and white clover was studied. Eight groups of two heifers grazed 0.51 ha plots containing adjacent monocultures of grass alongside clover with either 25 or 75% clover (by ground...
Discriminating among novel foods: effects of energy provision on preferences of lambs for poor-quality foods
Contributor(s):: Villalba, J. J., Provenza, F. D.
A study was conducted to better understand how lambs discriminate among novel foods based on flavour and post-ingestive effects. The manner in which temporal sequence of food ingestion and post-ingestive feedback affected preference when lambs were fed flavoured wheat straw (a poorly nutritious...
Diurnal patterns of intake rate by sheep grazing monocultures of ryegrass or white clover
Contributor(s):: Orr, R. J., Penning, P. D., Harvey, A., Champion, R. A.
The effects of time of day on the ingestive behaviour of groups of 5 sheep grazing monocultures of ryegrass (Lolium perenne cv. Parcour) or white clover (Trifolium repens cv. Kent Wild White), were measured over periods of 1 h starting at 07.30, 11.30, 15.30 and 19.30 h in August 1993. Grazing...
Effects of feed- and water-based enrichment on activity and cannibalism in Muscovy ducklings
Contributor(s):: Riber, A. B., Mench, J. A.
Cannibalism is a major problem for commercial production of Muscovy ducks (Cairina moschata). Surprisingly little is known about the ontogeny of cannibalism in ducks or how to reduce/prevent the problem in a welfare-friendly way. The preventative method typically used by the industry is...
Effects of food structure and nutritional quality and animal nutritional state on intake behaviour and food preferences of sheep
There is evidence of the independent effects of plant physical and chemical characteristics on foraging, but little has been done to determine how these traits interact to affect food selection. The effect of the nutritional state of lambs on intake behaviour and preference for feeds with...
Effects of social behaviour on the spatial distribution of sheep grazing a complex vegetation mosaic
Contributor(s):: Sibbald, A. M., Oom, S. P., Hooper, R. J., Anderson, R. M.
In complex environments, the spatial distribution of preferred food types will be a major factor influencing the distribution of foraging animals. However, in highly social animals, such as sheep, social interactions may modify foraging behaviour and hence influence both where animals feed and...