Local knowledge held by farmers in Eastern Tyrol (Austria) about the use of plants to maintain and improve animal health and welfare
Contributor(s):: Vogl, C. R., Vogl-Lukasser, B., Walkenhorst, M.
Background: The sustainable management of animal health and welfare is of increasing importance to consumers and a key topic in the organic farming movement. Few systematic studies have been undertaken investigating farmers' local knowledge related to this issue. Ethnoveterinary medicine (EVM) is...
A modeling approach for estimating seasonal dietary preferences of goats in a Mediterranean Quercus frainetto-Juniperus oxycedrus woodland
Contributor(s):: Manousidis, T., Malesios, C., Kyriazopoulos, A. P., Parissi, Z. M., Abraham, E. M., Abas, Z.
Goats are characterized as selective feeders due to their specific feeding behavior, thus the study of their seasonal preferences in a Mediterranean oak-juniper ecosystem is of great interest. The current research was conducted in an open oak forest in Megalo Dereio region, northeastern Greece...
Detection of Verticillium dahliae in olive groves using canine detection units
Contributor(s):: Pons Anglad a, L., Calvo Torras, M. dels A.
Verticillium wilt is one of the most significant agricultural diseases in the world, in view of the fact that not only does it affect olive groves but also a wide variety of fruit, vegetable and ornamental plants. Currently, the most efficient and economical method of control involves the use of...
Tree cover and injurious feather-pecking in commercial flocks of free-range laying hens: a follow up
Contributor(s):: Bright, A., Gill, R., Willings, T. H.
Injurious feather-pecking in non-cage systems is a serious economic and welfare concern for the egg-producing industry. This study presents results from data of over 1,000 flocks from producers who supplied free-range eggs to McDonald's Restaurants Ltd UK between 2008 and 2013. These producers...
Freedom of cropping and the good life: political philosophy and the conflict between the organic movement and the biotech industry over cross-contamination
Contributor(s):: Scott, D.
This paper begins by describing recent controversies over cross-contamination of crops in the United States and European Union. The EU and US are both applying the principle of freedom of cropping to resolve these conflicts, which is based on an individualistic philosophy. However, despite the EU...
Selected papers from Mistra Workshop on Ethical Issues in New Biotechnology in Agriculture, Uppsala, Sweden, 11 September 2013
Contributor(s):: Sandin, P., Moula, P.
This selection of three papers addresses ethical issues concerning agricultural biotechnology. The first paper argues that GM food is not necessarily unnatural in a sense that would offer a good reason for favoring food that is not GM. The second paper examines the public debate about GMO...
Pragmatist philosophical reflections on GMOs
Contributor(s):: Heldke, L.
This essay examines the public debate about the agricultural biotechnologies known as genetically modified organisms, as that debate is being carried out in its most dichotomizing forms in the United States. It attempts to reveal the power of sharply dichotomous thinking, as well as its limits....
Is dandelion rubber more natural? Naturalness, biotechnology and the transition towards a bio-based society
Contributor(s):: Zwart, H., Krabbenborg, L., Zwier, J.
In the unfolding debate on the prospects, challenges and viability of the imminent transition towards a 'Bio-Based Society' (BBS) or 'Bio-based Economy' - i.e. the replacement of fossil fuels by biomass as a basic resource for the production of energy, materials and food, 'big' concepts tend to...
Environmental enrichment for dendrobatid frogs
Contributor(s):: Hurme, K., Gonzalez, K., Halvorsen, M., Foster, B., Moore, D., Chepko-Sade, B. D.
The Central Park Zoo, one of the Wildlife Conservation Society's Living Institutions in New York, recently renovated an exhibit for dart-poison frogs. Staff developed a new hollow coconut insect feeder in conjunction with this project. When the exhibit change, coconut feeder, and other...
Risk factors for unassisted on-farm death in Swedish dairy cows
Contributor(s):: Alvasen, K., Thomsen, P. T., Sandgren, C. H., Mork, M. J., Emanuelson, U.
Increased on-farm cow mortality (ie unassisted death and euthanasia) has been demonstrated in Swedish dairy herds during the last decade. Identifying risk factors associated with type of death is needed for future work in reducing cow mortality rates. The objectives of this case-control study...
Living with cat and dog increases vaginal colonization with E. coli in pregnant women
Contributor(s):: Stokholm, J., Schjorring, S., Pedersen, L., Bischoff, A. L., Folsgaard, N., Carson, C. G., Chawes, B., Bonnelykke, K., Molgaard, A., Krogfelt, K. A., Bisgaard, H.
The acquisition and maintenance of dogs' aversion responses to kiwi (Apteryx spp.) training stimuli across time and locations
Contributor(s):: Dale, A. R., Statham, S., Podlesnik, C. A., Elliffe, D.
"Loyals" and "optimizers": shedding light on the decision for or against organic agriculture among Swiss farmers
Contributor(s):: Mann, S., Gairing, M.
"Return" and extension actions after ethnobotanical research: the perceptions and expectations of a rural community in semi-arid northeastern Brazil
Contributor(s):: Albuquerque, U. P. de, Nascimento, L. G. de S., Vieira, F. J., Almeida, C. M. de A. D., Ramos, M. A., Silva, A. C. O. da
A study of how experts and non-experts make decisions on releasing genetically modified plants
Contributor(s):: Brana, G. M. R., Miranda-Vilela, A. L., Grisolia, C. K.
Agrarian ideals, sustainability ethics, and US policy: a critique for practitioners
Contributor(s):: Graffy, E.
Captive bears in human-animal welfare conflict: a case study of bile extraction on Asia's bear farms
Contributor(s):: Kikuchi, R.
Ethical frameworks and farmer participation in controversial farming practices
Contributor(s):: Cardoso, S. P., James, H. S., Jr.
GMOs and global justice: applying global justice theory to the case of genetically modified crops and food
Contributor(s):: Toft, K. H.
Qualified for evaluation? A GM potato and the orders of rural worth
Contributor(s):: Valve, H.