Evaluating the Strange Situation Procedure (SSP) to Assess the Bond between Dogs and Humans
| Contributor(s):: Therese Rehn, Ragen T. S. McGowan, Linda J. Keeling
The Strange Situation Procedure (SSP) is increasingly being used to study attachment between dogs and humans. It has been developed from the Ainsworth Strange Situation Procedure, which is used extensively to investigate attachment between children and their parents. In this experiment, 12...
The effects of cage color and light intensity on rat affect during heterospecific play
| Contributor(s):: LaFollette, Megan R., Swan, Melissa P., Smith, Rebecca K., Hickman, Debra L., Gaskill, Brianna N.
Online videos indicate human and dog behaviour preceding dog bites and the context in which bites occur
| Contributor(s):: Sara C. Owczarczak-Garstecka, Francine Watkins, Rob Christley, Carri Westgarth
YouTube videos of dog bites present an unexplored opportunity to observe dog bites directly. We recorded the context of bites, bite severity, victim and dog characteristics for 143 videos and for 56 videos we coded human and dog behaviour before the bite. Perceived bite severity was derived...
Examining dog-human play: the characteristics, affect, and vocalizations of a unique interspecific interaction
| Contributor(s):: Horowitz, A., Hecht, J.
Despite the growing interest in research on the interaction between humans and dogs, only a very few research projects focus on the routines between dogs and their owners. In this study, we investigated one such routine: dog-human play. Dyadic interspecific play is known to be a common...
Between the Moment and Eternity: How Schillerian Play Can Establish Animals as Moral Agents
| Contributor(s):: Denison, Jaime
Animal play behavior
| Contributor(s):: Fagen, Robert
The contribution of animal-assisted psychotherapy to the potential space in play therapy [Theory]
| Contributor(s):: Parish-Plass, N.
Dogs and their human companions: the effect of familiarity on dog-human interactions
| Contributor(s):: Kerepesi, A., Doka, A., Miklosi, A.
There are few quantitative examinations of the extent to which dogs discriminate between familiar and unfamiliar persons. In our study we have investigated whether dogs show differential behaviour towards humans of different degrees of familiarity (owner, familiar person, unfamiliar person). Dogs...
Down but not out: supine postures as facilitators of play in domestic dogs
| Contributor(s):: Norman, K., Pellis, S., Barrett, L., Henzi, S. P.
We used two sets of videotaped data of playing domestic dog dyads to determine whether rolling over during play served as a signal of submission or whether it was a combat maneuver adopted as part of an ongoing play sequence. Our results provide strong support for the latter. In the absence of...
Why do adult dogs 'play'?
| Contributor(s):: Bradshaw, J. W. S., Pullen, A. J., Rooney, N. J.
Among the Carnivora, play behaviour is usually made up of motor patterns characteristic of predatory, agonistic and courtship behaviour. Domestic dogs are unusual in that play is routinely performed by adults, both socially, with conspecifics and with humans, and also asocially, with objects....
The effect of the captive environment on activity of captive cotton-top tamarins ( Saguinus oedipus )
| Contributor(s):: Burrell, A. M., Altman, J. D.
This study examined captive cotton-top tamarin (Saguinus oedipus) behaviour across 3 different exhibits: (a) a rain forest (30.5 m in diameter), where tamarins free-ranged with other species; (b) a caged outdoor exhibit (5 m in diameter); and (c) a caged enclosure, with access indoors (6x9 m) and...
Behavioral and physiological responses of guide dogs to a situation of emotional distress
| Contributor(s):: Fallani, G., Prato Previde, E., Valsecchi, P.
The aim of this study was to analyze the behavioral and physiological reactions of guide dogs in a distressing situation which promotes attachment behaviors towards their blind owners, and to compare such reactions with those of untrained or trainee dogs. The subjects were 57 adult Labrador and...
Affiliative and disciplinary behavior of human handlers during play with their dog affects cortisol concentrations in opposite directions
| Contributor(s):: Horváth, Zsuzsánna, Dóka, Antal, Miklósi, Ádám
A comparison of dog-dog and dog-human play behaviour
| Contributor(s):: Rooney, N. J., Bradshaw, J. W. S., Robinson, I. H.
In an observational study of dogs being walked by their owners (402), dogs which were walked together, and had opportunities to play with one another, played with their owners with the same frequency as dogs being walked alone. This finding was supported by a questionnaire survey of 2585 dog...
An experimental study of the effects of play upon the dog-human relationship
| Contributor(s):: Rooney, N. J., Bradshaw, J. W. S.
It has often been suggested that intraspecific dominance relationships are established through play. By analogy, it is also claimed that the outcome of competitive games can affect dog-human relationships. This paper experimentally tests the latter idea. Fourteen Golden Retrievers were each...
Behaviour patterns and time course of activity in dogs with separation problems
| Contributor(s):: Lund, J. D., Jorgensen, M. C.
An analysis of video-recordings of 20 dogs with separation problems suggested that separation behaviour may be divided into; exploratory behaviour, object play including elements of predatory behaviour, destructive behaviour and vocalization. Elimination behaviour was only found in one case....
Effects of early play experience on play behaviour of piglets after weaning
| Contributor(s):: Donaldson, T. M., Newberry, R. C., Spinka, M., Cloutier, S.
We hypothesised that play experience gained by piglets during early ontogeny would affect their ability to cope with weaning stress. Specifically, we predicted that (i) weaning would initially result in low play levels and (ii) better coping ability would be reflected by a more rapid increase in...
Object play in adult domestic cats: the roles of habituation and disinhibition
| Contributor(s):: Hall, S. L., Bradshaw, J. W. S., Robinson, I. H.
We have investigated the role of habituation and disinhibition in the control of object (predatory) play by adult domestic cats Felis silvestris catus both with and without prior experience of hunting. We hypothesised that object play is terminated by rapid habituation to the sensory...
Play behaviour in group-housed dairy calves, the effect of space allowance
| Contributor(s):: Jensen, M. B., Kyhn, R.
96 Danish Holstein Friesian calves in 6 repetitions were housed in groups of 4, in pens of either 4, 3, 2.2 or 1.5 msuperscript 2 per calf from 2 weeks of age. The occurrence of play behaviour in the home environment was recorded continuously for each individual calf during 24 h at 5, 7 and 9...
The development of playful behaviour in piglets from birth to weaning in three farrowing environments
| Contributor(s):: Blackshaw, J. K., Swain, A. J., Blackshaw, A. W., Thomas, F. J. M., Gillies, K. J.
Observations of piglet play behaviour were recorded on real time video over 28 days during 6 periods for 6 h per period per litter (days 1-5, 6-10, 11-15, 16-20, 21-25, 26-30), from birth, in 3 farrowing environments: (i) an adjustable parallel crate (800 mm width) in a 2130 mm x 2105 mm pen;...