The HABRI Central Team continues to monitor emerging research and information about the COVID-19 pandemic. Visit our collection of resources, https://habricentral.org/features/covid-19
Cross-sectional study of characteristics of owners and nonowners surrendering cats to four Australian animal shelters
Contributor(s):: Zito, S., Morton, J., Paterson, M., Vankan, D., Bennett, P. C., Rand, J., Phillips, C. J. C.
Unwanted cats surrendered to nonhuman animal shelters are generally categorized as either "owned" or "stray". This classification is misleading because "stray" cats may include many "semiowned" cats, for which people provide care but who are not perceived as being owned. This differentiation is...
Animal welfare aspects in cat ownershipTierschutzrelevante Aspekte bei der Katzenhaltung
Contributor(s):: Hoefer, M.
A review on the policies, welfare issues, and law on cat ownership in Germany was presented.
A universal animal welfare framework for zoos
Contributor(s):: Kagan, R., Carter, S., Allard, S.
The Detroit Zoological Society's (DZS) Center for Zoo Animal Welfare (CZAW) was created to advance the science and policy of the welfare of exotic nonhuman animals in captivity. This important part of the DZS mission is achieved through assessments of, and research on, the welfare of animals in...
Considering companion animals an examination of companion animal policies in California domestic violence shelters
Contributor(s):: Komorosky, D., Woods, D. R., Empie, K.
A growing body of literature has shown the link between domestic violence and animal cruelty, resulting in a shift in the way family violence and those who are victims of abuse are considered. There are approximately 700 shelters across the nation protecting women and their children from domestic...
Best practices for planning events encouraging human-animal interactions
Contributor(s):: Erdozain, G., Kukanich, K., Chapman, B., Powell, D.
Educational events encouraging human-animal interaction include the risk of zoonotic disease transmission. It is estimated that 14% of all disease in the USA caused by Campylobacter spp., Cryptosporidium spp., Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) O157, non-O157 STECs, Listeria...
GPS technology as a proxy tool for determining relationships in social animals: an example with African elephants
Contributor(s):: Hacker, C. E., Horback, K. M., Miller, L. J.
The potential application of GPS technology in determining relationships among social animals was addressed in this study of eight African elephants residing at the San Diego Zoo Safari Park in Escondido, CA, USA between 2009 and 2011. GPS coordinates were collected over nine 24 h periods from...
The role of quality labels in market-driven animal welfare
Contributor(s):: Heerwagen, L. R., Morkbak, M. R., Denver, S., Sandoe, P., Christensen, T.
In policy-making the consumption of specially labelled products, and its role in improving the welfare of livestock, has attracted considerable attention. There is in many countries a diverse market for animal welfare-friendly products which is potentially confusing and may lack transparency. We...
The ticking clock: addressing farm animal welfare in emerging countries
Contributor(s):: Keyserlingk, M. A. G. von, Hotzel, M. J.
Over the last decade many emerging economies, and in particular Brazil, have established themselves as major players in global food animal production. Within these countries much of the increase in food animal production has been achieved by the adoption of intensive housing systems similar to...
Owning a dog and working: a telephone survey of dog owners and employers in Sweden
Contributor(s):: Norling, A. Y., Keeling, L.
Many dog owners are faced with the problem of what to do with their dog when they go to work. Different solutions to the problem may affect dogs, owners, and employers. In this study, 204 working, Swedish dog owners and 90 employers were interviewed by telephone regarding practical issues and...
Reasons for relinquishment and return of domestic cats ( Felis silvestris catus ) to rescue shelters in the UK
Contributor(s):: Casey, R. A., Vandenbussche, S., Bradshaw, J. W. S., Roberts, M. A.
Significant numbers of cats enter rescue and re-homing facilities each year, over half of which are relinquished directly by owners. Identifying the reasons why owners decide to give up their pet is an important step in the development of education strategies to encourage retention of cats by...
Dueling land ethics: uncovering agricultural stakeholder mental models to better understand recent land use conversion
Contributor(s):: Turner, B. L., Wuellner, M., Nichols, T., Gates, R.
The aim of this paper is to investigate how alternative land ethics of agricultural stakeholders may help explain recent land use changes. The paper first explores the historical development of the land ethic concept in the United States and how those ethics have impacted land use policy and use...
Risk assessment of genetically modified food and neoliberalism: an argument for democratizing the regulatory review protocol of the Food and Drug Administration
Contributor(s):: Meghani, Z.
The primary responsibility of the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is to protect public health by ensuring the safety of the food supply. To that end, it sometimes conducts risk assessments of novel food products, such as genetically modified (GM) food. The FDA describes its regulatory...
Swedish cat shelters: a descriptive survey of husbandry practices, routines and management
Contributor(s):: Hirsch, E. N., Andersson, M., Loberg, J.
Animal shelters rescue and care for society's unwanted companion animals. Nonetheless, several studies have shown that ending up in a shelter can be stressful, and that shelter husbandry can amplify and spread certain diseases. The aim of the present study was to investigate and describe...
The leading Canadian NGOs' discourse on fish farming: from ecocentric intuitions to biocentric solutions
Contributor(s):: Pigeon, L. E., Letourneau, L.
The development of the aquaculture industry in Canada has triggered a conflict of a scope never seen before. As stated in Young and Matthews' The Aquaculture Controversy, this debate has "mushroomed over the past several decades to become one of the most bitter and stubborn face-offs over...
Emergency and disaster planning at Ohio animal shelters
Contributor(s):: Decker, S. M., Lord, L. K., Walker, W. L., Wittum, T. E.
Results of a cross-sectional study to determine the level of emergency and disaster response planning at Ohio nonhuman animal shelters and the role Ohio agencies have in emergency and disaster response planning in their communities indicated a lack of preparedness coupled with underutilization of...
Noncompliance with Public Health Service (PHS) policy on humane care and use of laboratory animals: an exploratory analysis
Contributor(s):: Gomez, L. M., Conlee, K. M., Stephens, M. L.
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) is a major biomedical research-funding body in the United States. Approximately 40% of NIH-funded research involves experimentation on nonhuman animals (Monastersky, 200811. Monastersky, R. 2008, April 18. Protesters fail to slow animal research. The...
Local food and international ethics
Contributor(s):: Navin, M. C.
Many advocate practices of 'local food' or 'locavorism' as a partial solution to the injustices and unsustainability of contemporary food systems. I think that there is much to be said in favor of local food movements, but these virtues are insufficient to immunize locavorism from criticism. In...
Resources and their distribution can influence social behaviour at translocation sites: lessons from a lizard
Contributor(s):: Ebrahimi, M., Bull, C. M.
In a translocation programme, social interactions among released individuals can influence the tendency for the individuals to remain at the site where they have been released. Dispersal away from the region of release may reduce the success of a translocation because dispersing individuals may...
Pet bylaws and posthumanist health promotion: a case study of urban policy
Contributor(s):: Rock, M.
Dog walking enables physical activity and positive social interactions, but uncontrolled dogs as well as dog feces can foster conflict and deter physical activity, for both dog owners and nonowners. This case study shows that previously reported associations with dogs (both positive and negative)...
Attitudes towards farm animals as a part of belief systems
Contributor(s):: Vinnari, M., Rasanen, P., Jokinen, P.