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  1. Scoping review of indicators and methods of measurement used to evaluate the impact of dog population management interventions

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Elly Hiby, Kate Nattrass Atema, Rebecca Brimley, Alexandra Hammond-Seaman, Mark Jones, Andrew Rowan, Emelie Fogelberg, Mark Kennedy, Deepashree Balaram, Louis Nel, Sarah Cleaveland, Katie Hampson, Sunny Townsend, Tiziana Lembo, Nicola Rooney, Helen Rebecca Whay, Joy Pritchard, Jane Murray, Lisa van Dijk, Natalie Waran, Heather Bacon, Darryn Knobel, Lou Tasker, Chris Baker, Lex Hiby

    Background: Dogs are ubiquitous in human society and attempts to manage their populations are common to most countries. Managing dog populations is achieved through a range of interventions to suit the dog population dynamics and dog ownership characteristics of the location, with a number...

  2. Abandonment of Dogs and Cats: Public Opinions as Population Management Indicators

    | Contributor(s):: Baquero, Oswaldo Santos, Chiozzotto, Evelyn Nestori, Garcia, Rita de Cassia Maria, Amaku, Marcos, Ferreira, Fernando

    This study involved characterizing public opinions on selected issues related to the abandonment of dogs and cats in Votorantim, São Paulo, Brazil. This goal was achieved by applying multiple correspondence analysis to answers recorded in questionnaires of a population-based survey. The results...

  3. A Comparative Study of Enumeration Techniques for Free-Roaming Dogs in Rural Baramati, District Pune, India

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Harish Kumar Tiwari, Abi Tamim Vanak, Mark O'Dea, Jully Gogoi-Tiwari, Ian Duncan Robertson

    The presence of unvaccinated free-roaming dogs (FRD) amidst human settlements is a major contributor to the high incidence of rabies in countries such as India, where the disease is endemic. Estimating FRD population size is crucial to the planning and evaluation of interventions,...

  4. Attitudes of Veterinary Teaching Staff and Exposure of Veterinary Students to Early-Age Desexing, with Review of Current Early-Age Desexing Literature

    | Contributor(s):: Alannah Jupe, Jacquie Rand, John Morton, Sophie Fleming

    Approximately 50% of cats admitted to Australian shelters are kittens, and 26% of dogs are puppies, and, particularly for cats, euthanasia rates are often high. Cats can be pregnant by 4 months of age, yet the traditional desexing age is 5–6 months, and studies in Australasia and Nth...

  5. Direct Observation of Dog Density and Composition during Street Counts as a Resource Efficient Method of Measuring Variation in Roaming Dog Populations over Time and between Locations

    | Contributor(s):: Elly Hiby, Lex Hiby

    Dog population management is conducted in many countries to address the public health risks from roaming dogs and threats to their welfare. To assess its effectiveness, we need to monitor indicators from both the human and dog populations that are quick and easy to collect, precise and meaningful...

  6. The Role of Dog Population Management in Rabies Elimination—A Review of Current Approaches and Future Opportunities

    | Contributor(s):: Louise H. Taylor, Ryan M. Wallace, Deepashree Balaram, Joann M. Lindenmayer, Douglas C. Eckery, Beryl Mutonono-Watkiss, Ellie Parravani, Louis H. Nel

    Free-roaming dogs and rabies transmission are integrally linked across many low-income countries, and large unmanaged dog populations can be daunting to rabies control program planners. Dog population management (DPM) is a multifaceted concept that aims to improve the health and well-being of...

  7. Eliminating Dog-Mediated Rabies in Sikkim, India: A 10-Year Pathway to Success for the SARAH Program

    | Contributor(s):: Helen Byrnes, Andrea Britton, Thinlay Bhutia

    A third of the world rabies burden is in India. The Sikkim Anti-Rabies and Animal Health (SARAH) program is the first state-wide rabies program in India and demonstrates a successful One Health model of dog-mediated rabies elimination. The SARAH program was created in 2006 as a collaboration...

  8. Elimination of Dog-Mediated Human Rabies Deaths by 2030: Needs Assessment and Alternatives for Progress Based on Dog Vaccination

    | Contributor(s):: Ryan M. Wallace, Eduardo A. Undurraga, Jesse D. Blanton, Julie Cleaton, Richard Franka

    Background: Rabies imposes a substantial burden to about half of the world population. The World Health Organization (WHO), World Organization for Animal Health, and the Food and Agriculture Organization have set the goal of eliminating dog-mediated human rabies deaths by 2030. This could be...

  9. Using a dog demography field study to inform the development of an agent-based computer simulation. Evaluating owned dog population control interventions in a small, semi-urban community in Mexico

    | Contributor(s):: Luz Maria Kisiel

    This thesis evaluates the potential effects of different dog population control interventions in a small, semi-urban community in Mexico. First, a cross-sectional study was conducted to characterize dog ecology and demography in Villa de Tezontepec, Hidalgo. Approximately 65% of the households...

  10. Digital dog shelter application

    | Contributor(s):: Taryn Bzdick

    Pet overpopulation has been a major issue for a long time. Hundreds of thousands of dogs are in shelters all over the country who desperately need homes. When looking up these dogs on shelter web sites it is common to find a small blurb and a low quality photograph in a poorly designed...

  11. Moral Panic, Risk or Hazard Society — the Relevance of a Theoretical Model and Framings of Maidan Dogs in Chisinau and Bucharest

    | Contributor(s):: Adriana Mica

    The study analyses the dynamics of public debate surrounding the issue of maidan [stray] dog population control strategies in Moldavia and Romania. The comparison takes as its point of reference two episodes of moral panic and discusses the applicability of the theoretical models of moral panic,...

  12. Interaction and processes of animal relinquishment: a qualitative study

    | Contributor(s):: Tamara Leigh Rice

    This thesis investigated the process of relinquishing a pet to the Department of Animal Control with the likely outcome of euthanasia for many of the animals left there by their owners. As euthanasia is no longer seen as an acceptable way to solve the pet over population problem those concerned...

  13. The policies of stray pet population control in Lithuania : a study of government contractors as opposed to non-profit volunteer based organizations

    | Contributor(s):: Saulene Taruskaite-Vanebo

    Within the thesis, the trending methods of stray pet population care and control are considered, the emphasis put on the differences between governmentally funded institutions of sanitation and the non-governmental animal shelters; significant attention paid to the implementation and overall...

  14. Effects of Controlled Dog Hunting on Movements of Female White-tailed Deer

    | Contributor(s):: Christopher E. Comer

    Understanding the responses of white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) to controlled dog hunting can aid in the effective implementation of canine-assisted population management strategies. We examined the 24-h diel movements of 13 radio-collared female deer exposed to dog hunting on the...

  15. Positive Effects of Prepubertal Neutering in Dogs and Cats

    | Contributor(s):: A.R. Nagakura, T.l. Clark

    There is not much scientific literature on the subject concerning optimum age for neutering dogs and cats [the term neuter is applied in this text as the surgical removal of the ovaries and uterus in females (spay) or the testicles in males (castration)]. Probably the most obvious advantage for...

  16. Achieving a Concensus on Dog Control Strategies: A Brief Primer

    | Contributor(s):: D.B. Wilkins

    The welfare arguments surrounding dog ownership may not stimulate the same passionate fervor as those relating to the use of animals in experiments, factory farming, or the hunting of live animals with hounds, but nevertheless, they are matters of real concern to most welfare organizations. The...

  17. Public health and animal welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Molento, C. F. M., Appleby, M. C., Weary, D. M., Sandoe, P.

    What are the links among the concepts of global public health, human health and animal welfare? The objective of this chapter is to discuss the relationship between public health and animal welfare issues, from the historical perspective of rabies control to the more recent challenges brought by...

  18. Characteristics of owned dogs on the island of New Providence, The Bahamas

    | Contributor(s):: Fielding, W. J., Plumridge, S. J.

    This study reports the findings from street interviews on owned dogs (N=442) in New Providence, The Bahamas. Many households kept dogs outside, and roughly 43% of households allowed at least 1 dog to roam. Dogs kept inside most likely were considered a companion, whereas dogs used for security...

  19. Impact of a bilingual mobile spay/neuter clinic in a U.S./Mexico border city

    | Contributor(s):: Poss, J. E., Everett, M.

    There are between 4 and 10 million dogs and cats killed annually in the United States. Although there are no accurate national estimates of the number of companion animals who are sterilized surgically. Approximately 26,000 companion animals are euthanized annually in El Paso County, Texas,...

  20. Understanding animal companion surplus in the United States: relinquishment of nonadoptables to animal shelters for euthanasia

    | Contributor(s):: Kass, P. H., New, J. C., Jr., Scarlett, J. M., Salman, M. D.

    Relinquishing a nonhuman animal to a shelter is a complex decision that, it is often believed, ultimately may represent a breakdown of the human-animal bond. The result of such a breakdown is an animal companion surplus in the United States, which is no better evidenced than by the statistics...