The HABRI Central Team continues to monitor emerging research and information about the COVID-19 pandemic. Visit our collection of resources, https://habricentral.org/features/covid-19
Food puzzles for cats: feeding for physical and emotional wellbeing
Contributor(s):: Dantas, L. M. S., Delgado, M. M., Johnson, I., Buffington, C. A. T.
Practical relevance: Many pet cats are kept indoors for a variety of reasons (eg, safety, health, avoidance of wildlife predation) in conditions that are perhaps the least natural to them. Indoor housing has been associated with health issues, such as chronic lower urinary tract signs, and...
Human-cat relationship in an oceanic biosphere reserve: the case of La Palma Island, Canary archipelago
Contributor(s):: Medina, F. M., Nogales, M., Farnworth, M. J., Bonnaud, E.
Removal of feral cats from island environments is a useful mechanism by which their ecological impact on endangered species can be reduced or ended. Nevertheless, because cats are anthropogenic in their origins, social perceptions of management practices play a large role in their implementation....
A Survey of Public Opinion on Cat (Felis catus) Predation and the Future Direction of Cat Management in New Zealand
Contributor(s):: Jessica K Walker, Stephanie J Bruce, Arnja R Dale
Cat predation is a prominent issue in New Zealand that provokes strong and opposing views. We explored, via 1011 face-to-face questionnaires, public opinion on (a) support for a National Cat Management Strategy (78% support); (b) concern regarding predation of wildlife by owned and un-owned cats...
Assessing the effectiveness of the Birdsbesafe anti-predation collar cover in reducing predation on wildlife by pet cats in Western Australia
Contributor(s):: Hall, C. M., Fontaine, J. B., Bryant, K. A., Calver, M. C.
Many pet cats hunt and, irrespective of whether or not this threatens wildlife populations, distressed owners may wish to curtail hunting while allowing their pets to roam. Therefore we evaluated the effectiveness of three patterned designs (simple descriptions being rainbow, red and yellow) of...
Using livestock guardian dogs in Balkans
Contributor(s):: Yilmaz, O., Erturk, Y. E., Coskun, F., Ertugrul, M.
Aim of this paper to review livestock guardian dogs in Balkan countries. Balkans consist of Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Slovenia, Serbia, and Turkey. In Balkans there are quite successful livestock guardian dogs including...
Dogs for herding and guarding livestock
Contributor(s):: Coppinger, L., Coppinger, R., Grandin, T.
Dogs that perform best for guarding and herding livestock have different behavioural profiles, as stated by the authors: 'herding dogs are selected to show hunting behaviours, such as eye, stalk, grip or heel. Guarding dogs are selected to show more of the wild ancestor's puppy-like or juvenile...
Ranging characteristics of the domestic cat ( Felis catus) in an urban environment
Contributor(s):: Thomas, R. L., Baker, P. J., Fellowes, M. D. E.
In many countries, high densities of domestic cats ( Felis catus) are found in urban habitats where they have the potential to exert considerable predation pressure on their prey. However, little is known of the ranging behaviour of cats in the UK. Twenty cats in suburban Reading, UK, were fitted...
Why do adult dogs 'play'?
Contributor(s):: Bradshaw, J. W. S., Pullen, A. J., Rooney, N. J.
Among the Carnivora, play behaviour is usually made up of motor patterns characteristic of predatory, agonistic and courtship behaviour. Domestic dogs are unusual in that play is routinely performed by adults, both socially, with conspecifics and with humans, and also asocially, with objects....
Domestic Dogs as Invasive Species: From Local to Global Impacts
Contributor(s):: Eduardo Andres Silva, Kathryn E. Sieving (adviser)
Domestic dogs are the most abundant carnivores worldwide. Food and other subsidies to dogs do not prevent their predation on wildlife. Dog impacts on wildlife are suspected to be significant, yet the nature of dog-wildlife interactions is not fully understood. In this context I addressed three...
Managing feral cats on a university's campuses: how many are there and is sterilization having an effect?
Contributor(s):: Jones, A. L., Downs, C. T.
Worldwide domestic and feral cat (Felis catus) numbers have increased. Concerns regarding high populations of feral cats in urban areas include wildlife predation, public nuisance, and disease. This study aimed to estimate the size of the feral cat population on 5 campuses of the University of...
Assessing the safety of collars used to attach predation deterrent devices and ID tags to pet cats
Contributor(s):: Calver, M. C., Adams, G., Clark, W., Pollock, K. H.
The acquisition and maintenance of dogs' aversion responses to kiwi ( Apteryx spp.) training stimuli across time and locations
Contributor(s):: Dale, A. R., Statham, S., Podlesnik, C. A., Elliffe, D.
Lead exposure potentiates predatory attack behavior in the cat
Contributor(s):: Li, W. J., Han, S. G., Gregg, T. R., Kemp, F. W., Davidow, A. L., Louria, D. B., Siegel, A., Bogden, J. D.
Behavioural changes and aversive conditioning in hunting dogs by the second-year confrontation with domestic sheep
Contributor(s):: Christiansen, F. O., Bakken, M., Braastad, B. O.
Domesticated dogs occasionally exhibit predatory behaviour towards domestic sheep when running loose in pasture. Both young and old dogs of either sex may chase sheep. Electronic dog collars applying electric shocks are utilized as one method of training dogs to refrain from attacking sheep. This...
Behavioural differences between three breed groups of hunting dogs confronted with domestic sheep
When running free in open fields, domestic dogs occasionally display predatory behaviour towards domestic sheep. This has not yet been studied scientifically. The aim of the present study was to investigate the inclination to chase sheep in 3 breed groups of hunting dogs that are most frequently...
Failure of LiCl-conditioned taste aversion to prevent dogs from attacking sheep
Contributor(s):: Hansen, I., Bakken, M., Braastad, B. O.
Two Alaskan Husky dogs were used in a pilot study to examine the feasibility of LiCl-conditioned taste aversion as a method to prevent dogs from attacking livestock. The salt LiCl induces vomiting and diarrhoea, but is also an antidepressive drug. The dogs were fed on LiCl-treated sheep baits at...
Social facilitation of predatory, sheep-chasing behaviour in Norwegian Elkhounds, grey
Sheep grazing on unfenced mountain pasture may be attacked by loose dogs, which may chase and kill sheep and separate lambs from their mothers. We have earlier shown that testing dogs individually towards sheep with an electronic dog collar may effectively reduce the chasing propensity 1 year...
The efficacy of an ultrasonic cat deterrent
Contributor(s):: Nelson, S. H., Evans, A. D., Bradbury, R. B.
Ultrasound deterrents for a variety of mammals, including cats, are widely available in the commercial market, but few have been independently tested for efficacy. This study tested the efficacy of an ultrasonic cat deterrent 'Catwatch copyright ', using 63 and 96 volunteer observers in two...
The influence of hunger on object play by adult domestic cats
Contributor(s):: Hall, S. L., Bradshaw, J. W. S.
The hypothesis that object play by adult domestic cats may be indistinguishable from predatory behaviour at the motivational level was investigated by examining the effect of hunger on play. Cats were presented with either a large toy or a small toy, either 0 h and 16 h after their last meal. The...
Domestic cat predation on vampire bats ( Desmodus rotundus ) while foraging on goats, pigs, cows and human beings
Contributor(s):: Delpietro, H., Konolsaisen, F., Marchevsky, N., Russo, G.
The cat was seen to capture the bat mainly at the moment of it approaching its prey or when the prey defended itself or after feeding when the weight of the bat's ingesta hindered the bat from escape. The cat and the livestock exhibited a mutually beneficial partnership; the cat increased its...