Influences on the avoidance and approach behaviour of dairy goats towards an unfamiliar human - an on-farm study
Contributor(s):: Mersmann, D., Schmied-Wagner, C., Nordmann, E., Graml, C., Waiblinger, S.
The human-animal relationship (HAR) is an important factor for successful animal husbandry and animal welfare. Thus, the HAR is included in on-farm assessments to evaluate overall welfare. For dairy goats, validated tests to assess the HAR are lacking. The aim of the present study was to evaluate...
An investigation of the Rusbult Investment Model of commitment in relationships with pets
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Contributor(s):: Baker, Z. G., Petit, W. E., Brown, C. M.
The present research examines relationships between people and their pets through the lens of the Rusbult Investment Model. The Rusbult Investment Model identifies important antecedents to commitment in a relationship: satisfaction with the relationship, quality of alternatives to the...
Validation of HOBO Pendant data loggers for automated step detection in two age classes of male turkeys: growers and finishers
Contributor(s):: Dalton, H. A., Wood, B. J., Dickey, J. P., Torrey, S.
Activity levels can be used as a predictor of health status, physical condition, feed efficiency, and coping style in animals. Small, portable data loggers have been validated as an inexpensive and effective alternative to video or live observation for automated activity detection in several...
Assessment of severity and progression of canine cognitive dysfunction syndrome using the CAnine DEmentia Scale (CADES)
Contributor(s):: Madari, A., Farbakova, J., Katina, S., Smolek, T., Novak, P., Weissova, T., Novak, M., Zilka, N.
Cognitive dysfunction syndrome (CDS) represents a group of symptoms related to the aging of the canine brain. These changes ultimately lead to a decline of memory function and learning abilities, alteration of social interaction, impairment of normal housetraining, changes in sleep-wake cycle and...
Dominance rank is associated with body condition in outdoor-living domestic horses ( Equus caballus)
Contributor(s):: Giles, S. L., Nicol, C. J., Harris, P. A., Rands, S. A.
The aim of our study was to explore the association between dominance rank and body condition in outdoor group-living domestic horses, Equus caballus. Social interactions were recorded using a video camera during a feeding test, applied to 203 horses in 42 herds. Dominance rank was assigned to...
Factors influencing stereotypic behaviours of animals rescued from Asian animal markets: a slow loris case study
Contributor(s):: Moore, R. S., Cabana, F., Nekaris, K. A. I.
Illegal wildlife trade has devastating effects on wild populations in Southeast Asia, made evident from the rising numbers of threatened species found in rescue centres. The prevalence of slow lorises ( Nycticebus spp.) in trade allows for the first time, a study of the response of wild-caught...
Predicting time spent on different behavioural activities from physicochemical properties of fibrous diets in finishing pigs
Contributor(s):: Bakare, A. G., Ndou, S. P., Madzimure, J., Chimonyo, M.
The objective of the present study was to predict time spent on different behavioural activities by finishing pigs, using physicochemical measurements of fibrous feed. Eighty four Large White * Landrace barrows with 80.54.7 kg body weight (BW) at the beginning of the experiment were used. Feed...
Behavioural reactivity of ewes and lambs during partial and total social isolation
Contributor(s):: Barnard, S., Matthews, L. R., Messori, S., Vulpiani, M. P., Ferri, N.
This work investigated the differences in the reactivity of Sarda (primiparous n=18, multiparous n=17) and Dorset (multiparous n=8) breeds of sheep and their singleton lambs to two challenging test situations involving a mother-lamb partial separation test and an isolation test. Non-parametric...
Is there a bias against stray cats in shelters? People's perception of shelter cats and how it influences adoption time
Contributor(s):: Dybdall, K., Strasser, R.
The determination of adoptability is a fundamental issue facing shelters wishing to rehome cats. Many shelters in the United States cannot keep a cat indefinitely and increased time in the shelter environment may lead to reduced animal welfare due to chronic stress or euthanasia. In a series of...
Pet's presence and owner's blood pressures during the daily lives of pet owners with pre- to mild hypertension
Contributor(s):: Friedmann, E., Thomas, S. A., Son, H. S., Chapa, D., McCune, S.
Artificial colour treatment mediates aggression among unfamiliar vervet monkeys (Cercopithecus aethiops): a model for introducing primates with colourful sexual skin
Contributor(s):: Gerald, M. S., Weiss, A., Ayala, J. E.
Behavioral and physiological predictors of guide dog success
Contributor(s):: Tomkins, L. M., Thomson, P. C., McGreevy, P. D.
A range of mobility aids are available to assist people living with vision impairment, and of these, guide dog ownership offers them several unique benefits. However, training a dog to be a successful guide dog comes at a high cost (approximately AU$30,000). Therefore, the aim of this study was...
Fostering adherence to horse behavior counseling
Contributor(s):: Jobling, R., Creighton, E.
Counseling services that aim to improve understanding of horse-human interactions are on the frontline of the horse welfare agenda. The aim of this research was to determine characteristics of horse owners seeking advice about their horse's behavior that predicted their adherence to that advice....
Early prediction of adult police dog efficiency - a longitudinal study
Contributor(s):: Slabbert, J. M., Odendaal, J. S. J.
At the South African Police Service Dog Breeding Centre, behaviour tests were developed specifically for police dogs to predict their efficiency as adults. The tests were carried out on 167 puppies between January 1994 and March 1996. The sample consisted of 49 different litters from 34 stud dogs...
Influences of immunocontraception on time budgets, social behavior, and body condition in feral horses
Contributor(s):: Ransom, J. I., Cade, B. S., Hobbs, N. T.
Managers concerned with shrinking habitats and limited resources for wildlife seek effective tools for limiting population growth in some species. Fertility control is one such tool, yet little is known about its impacts on the behavioral ecology of wild, free-roaming animals. We investigated...
Intake rate, intake per bite and time per bite of lactating ewes on vegetative and reproductive swards
Contributor(s):: Prache, S.
Rotational grazing by 8 Ile de France ewes, was examined in a cocksfoot (Dactylis glomerata cv. Lucifer) sward at a vegetative or reproductive (appearance of first flowerheads in the canopy) stage. Measurements were made during progressive grazing down of 1030-msuperscript 2 paddocks. Regression...
Personality and performance in military working dogs: reliability and predictive validity of behavioral tests
Contributor(s):: Sinn, D. L., Gosling, S. D., Hilliard, S.
Quantification and description of individual differences in behavior, or personality differences, is now well-established in the working dog literature. What is less well-known is the predictive relationship between particular dog behavioral traits (if any) and important working outcomes. Here we...
Predicting tail-biting from behaviour of pigs prior to outbreaks
Contributor(s):: Statham, P., Green, L., Bichard, M., Mendl, M.
Predicting that an outbreak of tail-biting is going to occur in a group of pigs would be a useful tool for farmers. In a prospective longitudinal study, 24 groups of c.30 undocked pigs were followed from birth to slaughter weight. Four groups had to be excluded from the analysis, the remaining...
Quality of handling and holding yard environment, and beef cattle temperament: 2. Consequences for stress and productivity
Contributor(s):: Petherick, J. C., Doogan, V. J., Venus, B. K., Holroyd, R. G., Olsson, P.
This experiment assessed the effects of different quality and quantity of handling and quality of the holding yard environment on the productivity and physiological parameters indicative of stress in beef cattle. One-hundred-and-forty-four steers were given one of three human handling and yarding...
Tail posture predicts tail damage among weaned piglets
Contributor(s):: Zonderland, J. J., Riel, J. W. van, Bracke, M. B. M., Kemp, B., Hartog, L. A. den, Spoolder, H. A. M.
Tail biting in pigs is a widespread behavioural vice with significant animal welfare and economic consequences. All too often, tail biting is not diagnosed nor dealt with until tail damage is present. To effectively reduce the negative effects of tail biting, it must be diagnosed in an early...