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  1. Influences on the avoidance and approach behaviour of dairy goats towards an unfamiliar human - an on-farm study

    Contributor(s):: Mersmann, D., Schmied-Wagner, C., Nordmann, E., Graml, C., Waiblinger, S.

    The human-animal relationship (HAR) is an important factor for successful animal husbandry and animal welfare. Thus, the HAR is included in on-farm assessments to evaluate overall welfare. For dairy goats, validated tests to assess the HAR are lacking. The aim of the present study was to evaluate...

  2. Animal humanness, animal use, and intention to become ethical vegetarian or ethical vegan

    Contributor(s):: Diaz, E. M.

    The present study used relational and predictive approaches to build on past literature examining humanlike animal attributes. From the relational approach, it examined how five humanlike attributes ascribed to animals (Attributes Questionnaire) relate to one another and to attitudes toward 21...

  3. Pet loss and grief: identifying at-risk pet owners during the euthanasia process

    Contributor(s):: Barnard-Nguyen, S., Breit, M., Anderson, K. A., Nielsen, J.

    Pet owners often experience complex and profound grief reactions when their animals are euthanized. Veterinary staff are increasingly being called upon to be aware of and to respond to the grief reactions of pet owners at this critical time. The objectives of this study were to identify pet...

  4. Animal humanness, animal use, and intention to become ethical vegetarian or ethical vegan

    Contributor(s):: Diaz, E. M.

    The present study used relational and predictive approaches to build on past literature examining humanlike animal attributes. From the relational approach, it examined how five humanlike attributes ascribed to animals (Attributes Questionnaire) relate to one another and to attitudes toward 21...

  5. Animal humanness, animal use, and intention to become ethical vegetarian or ethical vegan

    Contributor(s):: Diaz, E. M.

    The present study used relational and predictive approaches to build on past literature examining humanlike animal attributes. From the relational approach, it examined how five humanlike attributes ascribed to animals (Attributes Questionnaire) relate to one another and to attitudes toward 21...

  6. An investigation of the Rusbult Investment Model of commitment in relationships with pets

    Contributor(s):: Baker, Z. G., Petit, W. E., Brown, C. M.

    The present research examines relationships between people and their pets through the lens of the Rusbult Investment Model. The Rusbult Investment Model identifies important antecedents to commitment in a relationship: satisfaction with the relationship, quality of alternatives to the...

  7. Predictors of views about punishing animal abuse

    Contributor(s):: Bailey, S. K. T., Sims, V. K., Chin, M. G.

    The current study used scenarios of animal cruelty based on actual events to explore what factors predict perceptions of punishments for animal cruelty. Five hundred thirty-eight university undergraduates participated in the study. Participants read scenarios based on an actual event of animal...

  8. Validation of HOBO Pendant data loggers for automated step detection in two age classes of male turkeys: growers and finishers

    Contributor(s):: Dalton, H. A., Wood, B. J., Dickey, J. P., Torrey, S.

    Activity levels can be used as a predictor of health status, physical condition, feed efficiency, and coping style in animals. Small, portable data loggers have been validated as an inexpensive and effective alternative to video or live observation for automated activity detection in several...

  9. Effects of carprofen, meloxicam and butorphanol on broiler chickens' performance in mobility tests

    Contributor(s):: Hothersall, B., Caplen, G., Parker, R., Nicol, C. J., Waterman-Pearson, A. E., Weeks, C. A., Murrell, J. C.

    Lame broiler chickens perform poorly in standardised mobility tests and have nociceptive thresholds that differ from those of non-lame birds, even when confounding factors such as differences in bodyweight are accounted for. This study investigated whether these altered responses could be due to...

  10. Assessment of severity and progression of canine cognitive dysfunction syndrome using the CAnine DEmentia Scale (CADES)

    Contributor(s):: Madari, A., Farbakova, J., Katina, S., Smolek, T., Novak, P., Weissova, T., Novak, M., Zilka, N.

    Cognitive dysfunction syndrome (CDS) represents a group of symptoms related to the aging of the canine brain. These changes ultimately lead to a decline of memory function and learning abilities, alteration of social interaction, impairment of normal housetraining, changes in sleep-wake cycle and...

  11. Investigating the role of coat colour, age, sex, and breed on outcomes for dogs at two animal shelters in the United States

    Contributor(s):: Svoboda, H. J., Hoffman, C. L.

    The popular press frequently reports that coat colour bias negatively impacts shelter adoption rates for black domestic dogs. This phenomenon, commonly called 'black dog syndrome' (BDS), reportedly increases the likelihood of euthanasia for black dogs and negatively affects the length of black...

  12. An evaluation of the role the Internet site Petfinder plays in cat adoptions

    Contributor(s):: Workman, M. K., Hoffman, C. L.

    To better understand factors contributing to cat adoptions, this study was used to explore a possible association between an adoptable cat's popularity on Petfinder and the cat's length of availability for adoption at a managed-intake nonhuman animal shelter. This study was also used to examine...

  13. Dominance rank is associated with body condition in outdoor-living domestic horses ( Equus caballus)

    Contributor(s):: Giles, S. L., Nicol, C. J., Harris, P. A., Rands, S. A.

    The aim of our study was to explore the association between dominance rank and body condition in outdoor group-living domestic horses, Equus caballus. Social interactions were recorded using a video camera during a feeding test, applied to 203 horses in 42 herds. Dominance rank was assigned to...

  14. Factors influencing stereotypic behaviours of animals rescued from Asian animal markets: a slow loris case study

    Contributor(s):: Moore, R. S., Cabana, F., Nekaris, K. A. I.

    Illegal wildlife trade has devastating effects on wild populations in Southeast Asia, made evident from the rising numbers of threatened species found in rescue centres. The prevalence of slow lorises ( Nycticebus spp.) in trade allows for the first time, a study of the response of wild-caught...

  15. Predicting time spent on different behavioural activities from physicochemical properties of fibrous diets in finishing pigs

    Contributor(s):: Bakare, A. G., Ndou, S. P., Madzimure, J., Chimonyo, M.

    The objective of the present study was to predict time spent on different behavioural activities by finishing pigs, using physicochemical measurements of fibrous feed. Eighty four Large White * Landrace barrows with 80.54.7 kg body weight (BW) at the beginning of the experiment were used. Feed...

  16. Behavioural reactivity of ewes and lambs during partial and total social isolation

    Contributor(s):: Barnard, S., Matthews, L. R., Messori, S., Vulpiani, M. P., Ferri, N.

    This work investigated the differences in the reactivity of Sarda (primiparous n=18, multiparous n=17) and Dorset (multiparous n=8) breeds of sheep and their singleton lambs to two challenging test situations involving a mother-lamb partial separation test and an isolation test. Non-parametric...

  17. Relations among need for power, affect and attitudes toward animal cruelty

    Contributor(s):: Oleson, J. C., Henry, B. C.

    Previous research has investigated the relationship between empathy with humans and attitudes toward animals. Developing a better understanding of this relationship, as well as other related variables, may assist in the prevention of antisocial behavior. The purpose of the current study was to...

  18. The effects of human age, group composition, and behavior on the likelihood of being injured by attacking pumas

    Contributor(s):: Coss, R. G., Fitzhugh, L. E., Schmid-Holmes, S., Kenyon, M. W., Etling, K.

    Documentation from the years 1890 to 2000 of 185 instances of pumas (Puma concolor) attacking humans in the United States and Canada has provided statistical evidence that pumas are less likely to kill or injure humans in certain circumstances. We identified incidents of fatal attacks, severe...

  19. Is there a bias against stray cats in shelters? People's perception of shelter cats and how it influences adoption time

    Contributor(s):: Dybdall, K., Strasser, R.

    The determination of adoptability is a fundamental issue facing shelters wishing to rehome cats. Many shelters in the United States cannot keep a cat indefinitely and increased time in the shelter environment may lead to reduced animal welfare due to chronic stress or euthanasia. In a series of...

  20. Improved nonhuman animal welfare is related more to income equality than it is to income

    Contributor(s):: Morris, M. C.

    The link between nonhuman animal welfare, income, and income inequality (Gini coefficient) was tested using consumption of animal products, laws protecting animals on the farm from the worst abuses, and animals used in experimentation as indicators. Experimentation on all animals and on rodents...