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  1. Relations among need for power, affect and attitudes toward animal cruelty

    Contributor(s):: Oleson, J. C., Henry, B. C.

    Previous research has investigated the relationship between empathy with humans and attitudes toward animals. Developing a better understanding of this relationship, as well as other related variables, may assist in the prevention of antisocial behavior. The purpose of the current study was to...

  2. The effects of human age, group composition, and behavior on the likelihood of being injured by attacking pumas

    Contributor(s):: Coss, R. G., Fitzhugh, L. E., Schmid-Holmes, S., Kenyon, M. W., Etling, K.

    Documentation from the years 1890 to 2000 of 185 instances of pumas (Puma concolor) attacking humans in the United States and Canada has provided statistical evidence that pumas are less likely to kill or injure humans in certain circumstances. We identified incidents of fatal attacks, severe...

  3. Hipporehabilitation at the Felin Experimental Farm of the Agricultural University in 2000-2006

    Contributor(s):: Pluta, M.

  4. Low income owners do not have more dogs: modeling animal count according to their owners

    Contributor(s):: Martins, C. M., Mohamed, A., Guimaraes, A. M. S., Barros, C. da C. de, Pampuch, R. dos S., Svoboda, W., Ferreira, F., Biondo, A. W.

  5. Artificial colour treatment mediates aggression among unfamiliar vervet monkeys (Cercopithecus aethiops): a model for introducing primates with colourful sexual skin

    Contributor(s):: Gerald, M. S., Weiss, A., Ayala, J. E.

  6. Tolerance of amphibians in Slovakian people: a comparison of pond owners and non-owners

    Contributor(s):: Prokop, P., Fancovicova, J.

  7. Battered pets and domestic violence: Animal abuse reported by women experiencing intimate violence and by nonabused women

    Contributor(s):: Ascione, Frank R., Weber, Claudia V., Thompson, Teresa M., Heath, John, Maruyama, Mika, Hayashi, Kentaro

  8. Behavioral and physiological predictors of guide dog success

    Contributor(s):: Tomkins, L. M., Thomson, P. C., McGreevy, P. D.

    A range of mobility aids are available to assist people living with vision impairment, and of these, guide dog ownership offers them several unique benefits. However, training a dog to be a successful guide dog comes at a high cost (approximately AU$30,000). Therefore, the aim of this study was...

  9. Fostering adherence to horse behavior counseling

    Contributor(s):: Jobling, R., Creighton, E.

    Counseling services that aim to improve understanding of horse-human interactions are on the frontline of the horse welfare agenda. The aim of this research was to determine characteristics of horse owners seeking advice about their horse's behavior that predicted their adherence to that advice....

  10. Influences of immunocontraception on time budgets, social behavior, and body condition in feral horses

    Contributor(s):: Ransom, J. I., Cade, B. S., Hobbs, N. T.

    Managers concerned with shrinking habitats and limited resources for wildlife seek effective tools for limiting population growth in some species. Fertility control is one such tool, yet little is known about its impacts on the behavioral ecology of wild, free-roaming animals. We investigated...

  11. Personality and performance in military working dogs: reliability and predictive validity of behavioral tests

    Contributor(s):: Sinn, D. L., Gosling, S. D., Hilliard, S.

    Quantification and description of individual differences in behavior, or personality differences, is now well-established in the working dog literature. What is less well-known is the predictive relationship between particular dog behavioral traits (if any) and important working outcomes. Here we...

  12. Predicting tail-biting from behaviour of pigs prior to outbreaks

    Contributor(s):: Statham, P., Green, L., Bichard, M., Mendl, M.

    Predicting that an outbreak of tail-biting is going to occur in a group of pigs would be a useful tool for farmers. In a prospective longitudinal study, 24 groups of c.30 undocked pigs were followed from birth to slaughter weight. Four groups had to be excluded from the analysis, the remaining...

  13. Quality of handling and holding yard environment, and beef cattle temperament: 2. Consequences for stress and productivity

    Contributor(s):: Petherick, J. C., Doogan, V. J., Venus, B. K., Holroyd, R. G., Olsson, P.

    This experiment assessed the effects of different quality and quantity of handling and quality of the holding yard environment on the productivity and physiological parameters indicative of stress in beef cattle. One-hundred-and-forty-four steers were given one of three human handling and yarding...

  14. Tail posture predicts tail damage among weaned piglets

    Contributor(s):: Zonderland, J. J., Riel, J. W. van, Bracke, M. B. M., Kemp, B., Hartog, L. A. den, Spoolder, H. A. M.

    Tail biting in pigs is a widespread behavioural vice with significant animal welfare and economic consequences. All too often, tail biting is not diagnosed nor dealt with until tail damage is present. To effectively reduce the negative effects of tail biting, it must be diagnosed in an early...

  15. The management and behavioural history of 100 dogs reported for biting a person

    Contributor(s):: O'Sullivan, E. N., Jones, B. R., O'Sullivan, K., Hanlon, A. J.

    This paper analyses behavioural and management history data provided by 100 owners of dogs that had bitten a person. The data was obtained by telephone interview of volunteer dog owners. Two sub-sets of data were created using 21 dogs having no history of perceived aggressive behaviour prior to...

  16. Influence of farm factors on the occurrence of feather pecking in organic reared hens and their predictability for feather pecking in the laying period

    Contributor(s):: Bestman, M., Koene, P., Wagenaar, J. P.

    Feather pecking is one of the most obvious welfare problems in laying hens. It is seen in all types of housing systems. Although banned in some countries, beak trimming is generally used to reduce the damage caused by this behaviour. In organic farming, where beak trimming is prohibited, the...

  17. Landscape nutritional patterns and cattle distribution in rangeland pastures

    Contributor(s):: Ganskopp, D. C., Bohnert, D. W.

    On rangelands, uneven or unmanaged livestock distribution can adversely affect plant community composition, riparian function, or displace wildlife. These issues have historic precedents and are still a challenge for those managing rangelands. A thorough understanding of the mechanisms governing...

  18. Pets, depression and long-term survival in community living patients following myocardial infarction

    Contributor(s):: Friedmann, E., Thomas, S. A., Son, H. S.

    Evidence supports the contribution of depression, anxiety, and poor social support to mortality of hospitalized myocardial infarction (MI) patients. The contribution of depression to survival is independent of disease severity. Pet ownership, a non-human form of social support, has also been...

  19. Factors affecting the likelihood of release of injured and orphaned woodpigeons ( Columba palumbus )

    Contributor(s):: Kelly, A., Halstead, C., Hunter, D., Leighton, K., Grogan, A., Harris, M.

    Very little is known about the fate of the large numbers of injured and orphaned wild animals taken to wildlife rehabilitation centres in the UK each year. We reviewed the reasons for admission and outcomes for 2,653 woodpigeons (Columba palumbus), 68% of which were juveniles, brought to an RSPCA...

  20. Applying the interpersonal circumplex to the behavioral styles of dogs and cats

    | Contributor(s):: Zeigler-Hill, V., Highfill, L.

    The present study examined the viability of the interpersonal circumplex, which was designed to examine human social behavior, as a model for considering the behavioral styles of dogs and cats. This was accomplished by recruiting 555 pet owners to report on the behavioral styles of their pets as...