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Tags: Primates + Animal welfare

All Categories (1-20 of 614)

  1. Strepsirrhine Primate Training Programs in North American Institutions: Status and Implications for Future Welfare Assessment

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Fernández-Lázaro, G., Dye, M. H., Eddie, C., Ferrie, G. M.

    Many articles have shown the benefits of operant conditioning training techniques in the care and welfare of several species of nonhuman primates; however, the information regarding their use in strepsirrhine species is scarce. We assessed the development and current status of training programs...

  2. Does mirror enrichment improve primate well-being?

    | Contributor(s):: de Groot, B., Cheyne, S. M.

  3. A review of population control methods in captive-housed primates

    | Contributor(s):: Wallace, P. Y., Asa, C. S., Agnew, M., Cheyne, S. M.

  4. Behaviour and welfare: the visitor effect in captive felids

    | Contributor(s):: Suarez, P., Recuerda, P., Arias-de-Reyna, L.

  5. A conceptual model of the human-animal relationships dynamics during newborn handling on cow-calf operation farms

    | Contributor(s):: Costa, F. de O., Valente, T. S., Toledo, L. M. de, Ambrosio, L. A., Campo, M. del, Costa, M. J. R. P. da

  6. Human ability to interpret alpaca body language

    | Contributor(s):: Kapustka, J., Budzynska, M.

  7. Humanity's best friend: a dog-centric approach to addressing global challenges

    | Contributor(s):: Sykes, A., Beirne, P., Horowitz, A., Jones, I., Kalof, L., Karlsson, E., King, T., Litwak, H., McDonald, R. A., Murphy, L. J., Pemberton, N., Promislow, D., Rowan, A., Stahl, P., Tehrani, J., Tourigny, E., Wynne, C. D. L., Strauss, E., Larson, G.

  8. The Social Rank of Zoo-Housed Japanese Macaques is a Predictor of Visitor-Directed Aggression

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jocelyn M. Woods, Stephen R. Ross, Katherine A. Cronin

    The effect that visitors have on the behavior and welfare of animals is a widely-studied topic in zoo animal welfare. Typically, these studies focus on how the presence or activity levels of visitors affect animals. However, for many species, and particularly primates, social factors, such as...

  9. The impact of COVID on cat guardians: veterinary issues

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kogan, L. R., Erdman, P., Currin-McCulloch, J., Bussolari, C., Packman, W.

    The onset of COVID has impacted the field of veterinary medicine and the lives of cat guardians in numerous ways, yet the subject remains largely unexplored. The purpose of this study was to better understand cat guardians' fears and concerns pertaining to veterinary care and obtainment of...

  10. The cohabitation of humans and urban cats in the anthropocene: the clash of welfare concepts

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jaros, F.

    Urban environments are inhabited by several types of feline populations, which we can differentiate as feral cats, free-roaming pets, and confined pets. Due to a shift in the cultural representation of cats from pest controllers to companion animals, cats living semi-independently of humans are...

  11. Locking down the impact of New Zealand's COVID-19 alert level changes on pets

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Esam, F., Forrest, R., Waran, N.

    The influence of the COVID-19 pandemic on human-pet interactions within New Zealand, particularly during lockdown, was investigated via two national surveys. In Survey 1, pet owners (n = 686) responded during the final week of the five-week Alert Level 4 lockdown (highest level of restrictions -...

  12. Evaluating stress in riding horses: part one - behavior assessment and serum cortisol

    | Contributor(s):: Hovey, M. R., Davis, A., Chen, S., Godwin, P., Porr, C. A. S.

  13. Developing and validating attention bias tools for assessing trait and state affect in animals: A worked example with Macaca mulatta

    | Contributor(s):: Howarth, Emmeline R. I., Kemp, Caralyn, Thatcher, Harriet R., Szott, Isabelle D., Farningham, David, Witham, Claire L., Holmes, Amanda, Semple, Stuart, Bethell, Emily J.

  14. Personality traits modulate stress responses after enclosure change of captive capuchin monkeys (Sapajus libidinosus)

    | Contributor(s):: Ferreira, Vitor Hugo Bessa, Fonseca, Elanne De Paiva, Chagas, Ana Cecilia Correia Santos Das, Pinheiro, Luiz Guilherme Mesquita, Sousa, Maria Bernardete Cordeiro de, Silva, Hélderes Peregrino Alves da, Galvão-Coelho, Nicole Leite, Ferreira, Renata Gonçalves

    Husbandry procedures may cause behavioral and physiological changes to animals living in captivity. However, an individual’s reaction is not uniform and may be related to different coping strategies. In this study, we analyzed whether and how 12 adult captive capuchin monkeys (Sapajus...

  15. Visitor effects on zoo-housed Sulawesi crested macaque (Macaca nigra) behaviour: Can signs with ‘watching eyes’ requesting quietness help?

    | Contributor(s):: Dancer, Alice M. M., Burn, Charlotte C.

    Visiting public can cause changes in the behaviour of zoo-housed primates. These effects, if indicative of stress, can be of welfare concern. However, few options to mitigate visitor effects through modulating visitor behaviour have been explored. Here we evaluated the effects of visitor number...

  16. Hormonal correlates of behavioural profiles and coping strategies in captive capuchin monkeys (Sapajus libidinosus)

    | Contributor(s):: Ferreira, Vitor Hugo Bessa, Silva, Carolina Pereira Cadório Da, Fonseca, Elanne De Paiva, Chagas, Ana Cecilia Correia Santos Das, Pinheiro, Luiz Guilherme Mesquita, Almeida, Raissa Nobrega De, Sousa, Maria Bernardete Cordeiro de, Silva, Hélderes Peregrino Alves Da, Galvão-Coelho, Nicole Leite, Ferreira, Renata Gonçalves

    In this study, we tested the hypothesis that individual differences in behavioural profiles correlate to differences in stress-related behaviours and hormonal levels in captive brown capuchin monkeys (Sapajus libidinosus). Based on a sample of 25 animals, 143 h of behavioural data collection and...

  17. Rabies in Nonhuman Primates and Potential for Transmission to Humans: A Literature Review and Examination of Selected French National Data

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Philippe Gautret, Jesse Blanton, Laurent Dacheux, Florence Ribadeau-Dumas, Philippe Brouqui, Philippe Parola, Douglas H. Esposito, Hervé Bourhy

    Background: The nonhuman primate (NHP)-related injuries in rabies-enzootic countries is a public health problem of increasing importance. The aims of this work are to collect data concerning rabies transmission from NHPs to humans; to collate medical practices regarding rabies postexposure...

  18. Taking it out on the dog: psychological and behavioral correlates of animal abuse proclivity

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Parfitt, C., Alleyne, E.

    There is a lack of research examining the criminogenic factors related to animal abuse perpetrated by adults, despite the high prevalence of this type of offending. A correlational study examining the factors related to two types of animal abuse proclivity was used. We found that childhood...

  19. Caregiver/orangutan relationships at Auckland Zoo: empathy, friendship, and ethics between species

    | Contributor(s):: Palmer, A., Malone, N., Park, J.

    Drawing on ethnographic, ethological, and historical data, we examined the relationships between orangutans and caregivers at Auckland Zoo. Caregivers displayed high levels of empathy and adjusted their husbandry routines to their interpretations of the orangutans' moods. Caregivers experienced...

  20. Changing Conceptions of Care: Humanization of the companion animal - human relationship

    | Contributor(s):: Fox, R., Gee, N. R.

    This paper explores the changing nature of companion animal-human relationships in Britain over the past 30 years. This period has seen rapid change in attitudes and practices towards companion animals, with notable advances in medical treatment, nutrition, and understanding of non-human animal...