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  1. The influence of gentle interactions on avoidance distance towards humans, weight gain and physiological parameters in group-housed dairy calves

    Contributor(s):: Lurzel, S., Munsch, C., Windschnurer, I., Futschik, A., Palme, R., Waiblinger, S.

    The quality of the relationship between cattle and their caretakers is important for animal welfare and productivity. Nevertheless, the influence of gentle interactions on group-housed dairy calves has not been thoroughly studied so far. We examined the effects of 42 min of gentle interactions...

  2. Dietary fatty acid composition significantly influenced the proactive-reactive behaviour of Senegalese sole ( Solea senegalensis) post-larvae

    Contributor(s):: Ibarra-Zatarain, Z., Morais, S., Bonacic, K., Campoverde, C., Duncan, N.

    Few studies have examined the influence of diet on larval proactive-reactive behavioural dimension of stress coping style responses. The present study evaluated the influence of using different vegetables oils (Linseed; Soybean; Olive) and fish oil (Cod liver) for Artemia metanauplii nutritional...

  3. Understanding feeding patterns in growing pigs by modelling growth and motivation

    Contributor(s):: Boumans, I. J. M. M., Bokkers, E. A. M., Hofstede, G. J., Boer, I. J. M. de

    Feeding is an essential behaviour for body maintenance in pigs and closely related to their growth and productivity performance. Mechanisms underlying feeding behaviour in pigs are still unclear. Understanding these mechanisms can provide valuable insights into the complex interactions among...

  4. Effects of gentle interactions on the relationship with humans and on stress-related parameters in group-housed calves

    Contributor(s):: Lurzel, S., Windschnurer, I., Futschik, A., Palme, R., Waiblinger, S.

    Although the relationship between farm animals and humans has strong implications for animal welfare and productivity, there have been few experimental studies on the influence of gentle interactions in group-housed calves. In the present study, Austrian Simmental calves were housed in groups of...

  5. Long-term familiarity creates preferred social partners in dairy cows

    Contributor(s):: Gutmann, A. K., Spinka, M., Winckler, C.

    Group is an essential resource for gregarious animals. Dairy cows are however frequently (re-)grouped according to productivity and reproductive state leading to an unstable social environment for the animals. The present study aimed at investigating whether cows maintain social relationships in...

  6. Effects of stage of gestation at mixing on aggression, injuries and stress in sows

    Contributor(s):: Stevens, B., Karlen, G. M., Morrison, R., Gonyou, H. W., Butler, K. L., Kerswell, K. J., Hemsworth, P. H.

    Confinement of breeding sows to stalls is a controversial welfare issue, and there is a worldwide move to house gestating sows in groups. We examined the effects of day of mixing following insemination on aggression, injuries and stress in sows. A total of 800 sows were used in this experiment...

  7. Attitudes of dairy farmers toward cow welfare in relation to housing, management and productivity

    Contributor(s):: Kauppinen, T., Valros, A., Vesala, K. M.

  8. Environmental enrichment and social rank affects the fear and stress response to regular handling of dairy goats

    Contributor(s):: Miranda-de la Lama, G. C., Pinal, R., Fuchs, K., Montaldo, H. H., Ducoing, A., Galindo, F.

  9. Human-animal relationships at sheep and cattle abattoirs

    Contributor(s):: Coleman, G. J., Rice, M., Hemsworth, P. H.

  10. Providing 'get-away bunks' and other enrichments to primiparous adult female mink improves their reproductive productivity

    Contributor(s):: Buob, M., Meagher, R., Dawson, L., Palme, R., Haley, D., Mason, G.

  11. Capybara (Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris) behaviour and welfare: implications for successful farming practices

    Contributor(s):: Nogueira, S. S. C., Nogueira-Filho, S. L. G.

  12. Stockperson behaviour and animal behaviour

    Contributor(s):: Hemsworth, P. H., Coleman, G. J.

    This chapter discusses the way the attitudes and behaviour of stockpersons develop and how these affect the productivity, behaviour and welfare of farm animals.

  13. Applied animal behaviour science. (Special issue: Suckling)

    Contributor(s):: Lidfors, L., Svennersten-Sjaunja, K., Redbo, I.

    This supplement contains articles that focus on behavioural and physiological aspects of suckling and/or sucking in ruminants. Abnormal sucking behaviour, particularly cross-sucking and non-nutritive sucking, in calves are presented; and the effects of milk flow and milk volume, the presence of a...

  14. Behavioural responses of cattle to shared foraging with wild herbivores in an East African rangeland

    Contributor(s):: Odadi, W. O., Okeyo-Owuor, J. B., Young, T. P.

    We assessed whether prior foraging by wild herbivores affected foraging behaviour of cattle in Laikipia rangeland, Kenya, during February 2001, August 2001 and February 2002. The study compared cattle bite rate, step rate and bites per step in plots exclusively accessible to cattle and those...

  15. Domestic animals' fear of humans and its effect on their welfare

    Contributor(s):: Rushen, J., Taylor, A. A., Passille, A. M. de

  16. Effect of different rearing systems and pre-kindling handling on behaviour and performance of rabbit does

    Contributor(s):: Mugnai, C., Bosco, A. dal, Castellini, C.

    The aim of this study was to ascertain how collective cage and pre-kindling handling (training does to go into their own nest) practices, in comparison to standard housing (single cage rearing), modify the behaviour and the performance of rabbit does. To this aim, 40 nulliparous New Zealand White...

  17. Experience of moderate bedding affects behaviour of growing pigs

    Contributor(s):: Munsterhjelm, C., Peltoniemi, O. A. T., Heinonen, M., Halli, O., Karhapaa, M., Valros, A.

    Effects of early substrate-enrichment on behaviour and productivity of pigs were evaluated in a trial with four siblings as the experimental unit. Pens either were (=E) or were not (=0) moderately bedded with wood shavings and chopped straw during suckling (0-4 weeks of age), nursery (5-9 weeks)...

  18. Quality of handling and holding yard environment, and beef cattle temperament: 2. Consequences for stress and productivity

    Contributor(s):: Petherick, J. C., Doogan, V. J., Venus, B. K., Holroyd, R. G., Olsson, P.

    This experiment assessed the effects of different quality and quantity of handling and quality of the holding yard environment on the productivity and physiological parameters indicative of stress in beef cattle. One-hundred-and-forty-four steers were given one of three human handling and yarding...

  19. A meta-analysis of the combined effect of housing and environmental enrichment characteristics on the behaviour and performance of pigs

    Contributor(s):: Averos, X., Brossard, L., Dourmad, J. Y., Greef, K. H. de, Edge, H. L., Edwards, S. A., Meunier-Salaun, M. C.

    To quantify the combined effect of housing conditions and environmental enrichment on the behaviour and performance of pigs, a meta-analysis was performed using information from 45 experiments in 42 published manuscripts. Multiple regression models were applied to evaluate the effects of space...

  20. Behavioural response to humans and the productivity of commercial dairy cows

    Contributor(s):: Breuer, K., Hemsworth, P. H., Barnett, J. L., Matthews, L. R., Coleman, G. J.

    This study examined the relationships between the attitude and the behaviour of the stock-person towards cows and the behavioural response to humans and the milk yield of cows at 31 commercial dairy farms over 1 lactation. The attitude of the stock-person was measured on the basis of the...