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  1. Incidence and impact of dog attacks on guide dogs in the UK: an update

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Moxon, R., Whiteside, H., England, G. C. W.

    Data on dog attacks on Guide Dogs' stock were reviewed to investigate the characteristics of the attacks. An average of 11.2 attacks occurred each month. Nearly all of the attacks occurred in public areas, 68.4 per cent of victim dogs were qualified guide dogs and 55.5 per cent of victim...

  2. Using the incidence and impact of health conditions in guide dogs to investigate healthy ageing in working dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Caron-Lormier, G., England, G. C. W., Green, M. J., Asher, L.

    This study aimed to use retirement data from working guide dogs to investigate healthy ageing in dogs and the demographic factors that influence ageing. Using a dataset of 7686 dogs spanning 20 years, dogs withdrawn for health reasons before they reached retirement were identified. Cases of...

  3. A new metric for quantifying the relative impact of risk factors on loss of working life illustrated in a population of working dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Caron-Lormier, G., Harvey, N. D., England, G. C. W., Asher, L.

    In a resource-limited world, organisations attempting to reduce the impact of health or behaviour issues need to choose carefully how to allocate resources for the highest overall impact. However, such choices may not always be obvious. Which has the biggest impact? A large change to a small...

  4. Test-retest reliability and predictive validity of a juvenile guide dog behavior test

    | Contributor(s):: Harvey, N. D., Craigon, P. J., Sommerville, R., McMillan, C., Green, M., England, G. C. W., Asher, L.

    The ability to measure stable and consistent behavioral traits in dogs would facilitate selection and assessment of working dogs, such as guide dogs. Ideally, these measures should predict suitability for the working role from a young age. This study assessed test-retest reliability of a juvenile...

  5. Aspects of juvenile and adolescent environment predict aggression and fear in 12-month-old guide dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Serpell, J. A., Duffy, D. L.

    Maturational changes in behavior, and the possible influence of the puppy-raising environment on behavioral development, were investigated in a total sample of 978 prospective guide dogs belonging to four different breeds/crosses. All dogs belonged to the same guide dog organization, and had...

  6. Protein expression and genetic variability of canine Can f 1 in golden and Labrador retriever service dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Breitenbuecher, C., Belanger, J. M., Levy, K., Mundell, P., Fates, V., Gershony, L., Famula, T. R., Oberbauer, A. M.

    Background: Valued for trainability in diverse tasks, dogs are the primary service animal used to assist individuals with disabilities. Despite their utility, many people in need of service dogs are sensitive to the primary dog allergen, Can f 1, encoded by the Lipocalin 1 gene (LCN1). Several...

  7. The impact of COVID on cat guardians: veterinary issues

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kogan, L. R., Erdman, P., Currin-McCulloch, J., Bussolari, C., Packman, W.

    The onset of COVID has impacted the field of veterinary medicine and the lives of cat guardians in numerous ways, yet the subject remains largely unexplored. The purpose of this study was to better understand cat guardians' fears and concerns pertaining to veterinary care and obtainment of...

  8. The cohabitation of humans and urban cats in the anthropocene: the clash of welfare concepts

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jaros, F.

    Urban environments are inhabited by several types of feline populations, which we can differentiate as feral cats, free-roaming pets, and confined pets. Due to a shift in the cultural representation of cats from pest controllers to companion animals, cats living semi-independently of humans are...

  9. "Don't bring me a dog...I'll just keep it": understanding unplanned dog acquisitions amongst a sample of dog owners attending canine health and welfare community events in the United Kingdom

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Holland, K. E., Mead, R., Casey, R. A., Upjohn, M. M., Christley, R. M.

    Understanding the factors that result in people becoming dog owners is key to developing messaging around responsible acquisition and providing appropriate support for prospective owners to ensure a strong dog-owner bond and optimise dog welfare. This qualitative study investigated factors that...

  10. The experience of teleworking with dogs and cats in the United States during COVID-19

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Hoffman, C. L.

    In Spring of 2020, the novel coronavirus (SAR-CoV-2) prompted an unprecedented number of individuals across the United States to begin working from home. Prior research has identified both positive and negative impacts of teleworking on employee well-being, and this study built on that research...

  11. Locking down the impact of New Zealand's COVID-19 alert level changes on pets

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Esam, F., Forrest, R., Waran, N.

    The influence of the COVID-19 pandemic on human-pet interactions within New Zealand, particularly during lockdown, was investigated via two national surveys. In Survey 1, pet owners (n = 686) responded during the final week of the five-week Alert Level 4 lockdown (highest level of restrictions -...

  12. Evaluation of the fitbark activity monitor for measuring physical activity in dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Colpoys, J., Decock, D.

    Accelerometers track changes in physical activity which can indicate health and welfare concerns in dogs. The FitBark 2 (FitBark) is an accelerometer for use with dogs; however, no studies have externally validated this tool. The objective of this study was to evaluate FitBark criterion...

  13. Risk factors for aggression in adult cats that were fostered through a shelter program as kittens

    | Contributor(s):: O'Hanley, K. A., Pearl, D. L., Niel, L.

  14. Les activités à orientation thérapeutique associant l'animal, pour une meilleure qualité de vie à l'hôpital

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Didier Vernay

    Il est usuel de dire ou de publier que les Activités Associant l'Animal - AAA - à but thérapeutique à l'hôpital sont pionnières. Cette affirmation devient fausse. En effet, nous disposons aujourd'hui en France d'une histoire, de bases...

  15. Troeteldier gefasiliteerde post traumatiese terapie deur die opvoedkundige sielkundige

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Deirdre Kruger

    Hierdie studie handel oor die ontwerp van 'n post traumatiese terapie deur die opvoedkundige sielkundige waar troeteldiere as fasiliteerder ingespan kan word. Dit fokus op getraumatiseerdes wat na afloop van 'n trauma in 'n post traumatiese situasie verkeer, en nie klinies aan die...

  16. Canine Guardians

    Full-text: Available

    Canine Guardians is a 501(c)3 nonprofit, fully volunteer, donation-based organization in the beautiful Napa Valley. We raise and train and provide service dogs to assist and enrich the daily lives of wounded American veterans and veterans with PTSD , children and adults with physical...

  17. The Best Therapist Has Fur and Four Legs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jordyn Boesch, Sarah Boggs, Mark Campbell, Sarah Elam, Chelsea Hunley

  18. Keeping that Doggie in the (Car) Window Safe: Recommendations for Driving with Canine Companions

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Phyllis Coleman

    Part I of this article uses the empirical research of experts (animal behaviorists, ethologists, and cynologists) to explain reasons canine companions and their humans love riding together. It also highlights the potential risks when dogs distract drivers. Acknowledging that only a few studies...

  19. The effect of the presence and familiarity of a dog on people's performance of a stressful task

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lyn Brown

    The purpose of the current study was to test whether the familiarity of a dog affects a person’s stress and task performance on a stressful task. Pets can improve people’s health mentally, physically, and socially. Dogs can lower people’s stress. This stress-reduction effect...

  20. A Retrospective Analysis of Complaints to RSPCA Queensland, Australia, about Dog Welfare

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Hao Yu Shih, Mandy B. A. Paterson, Clive J. C. Phillips

    Animal neglect and cruelty are important welfare and social issues. We conducted an epidemiological study of dog welfare complaints and identified risk factors. The retrospective study included 107,597 dog welfare complaints received by RSPCA Queensland from July 2008 to June 2018. The risk...