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  1. Campylobacter and Salmonella in scavenging indigenous chickens in rural central Tanzania: prevalence, antimicrobial resistance, and genomic features

    Contributor(s):: Rukambile, E., Sintchenko, V., Muscatello, G., Wang, QinNing, Kiiru, J., Maulaga, W., Magidanga, B., Banda, G., Kock, R., Alders, R.

  2. Welfare effects of a disease eradication programme for dairy goats

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Muri, K., Leine, N., Valle, P. S.

    The Norwegian dairy goat industry has largely succeeded in controlling caprine arthritis encephalitis (CAE), caseous lymphadenitis (CLA) and paratuberculosis through a voluntary disease eradication programme called Healthier Goats (HG). The aim of this study was to apply an on-farm welfare...

  3. Welfare effects of a disease eradication programme for dairy goats

    | Contributor(s):: Muri, K., Leine, N., Valle, P. S.

    The Norwegian dairy goat industry has largely succeeded in controlling caprine arthritis encephalitis (CAE), caseous lymphadenitis (CLA) and paratuberculosis through a voluntary disease eradication programme called Healthier Goats (HG). The aim of this study was to apply an on-farm welfare...

  4. Quantitative assessment of human and pet exposure to Salmonella associated with dry pet foods

    | Contributor(s):: Lambertini, E., Buchanan, R. L., Narrod, C., Ford, R. M., Baker, R. C., Pradhan, A. K.

    Recent Salmonella outbreaks associated with dry pet foods and treats highlight the importance of these foods as previously overlooked exposure vehicles for both pets and humans. In the last decade efforts have been made to raise the safety of this class of products, for instance by upgrading...

  5. Best practices for planning events encouraging human-animal interactions

    | Contributor(s):: Erdozain, G., Kukanich, K., Chapman, B., Powell, D.

    Educational events encouraging human-animal interaction include the risk of zoonotic disease transmission. It is estimated that 14% of all disease in the USA caused by Campylobacter spp., Cryptosporidium spp., Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) O157, non-O157 STECs, Listeria...

  6. Enteric pathogens of dogs and cats with public health implications

    | Contributor(s):: Kantere, M., Athanasiou, L. V., Chatzopoulos, D. C., Spyrou, V., Valiakos, G., Kontos, V., Billinis, C.

    Dogs and cats play an important role in modern society, enhancing the psychological and physiological well-being of many people. However, there are well-documented health risks associated with human animal interactions. More specifically, enteric pathogens of zoonotic risk which are transmitted...

  7. Gut microbiota of humans, dogs and cats: current knowledge and future opportunities and challenges

    | Contributor(s):: Deng, P., Swanson, K. S.

    High-throughput DNA sequencing techniques allow for the identification and characterisation of microbes and their genes (microbiome). Using these new techniques, microbial populations in several niches of the human body, including the oral and nasal cavities, skin, urogenital tract and...

  8. Pasteurella species peritoneal dialysis-associated peritonitis: household pets as a risk factor

    | Contributor(s):: Poliquin, P. G., Lagace-Wiens, P., Verrelli, M., Allen, D. W., Embil, J. M.

    BACKGROUND: Pasteurella species are Gram-negative coccobacilli that are a part of the normal oropharyngeal flora of numerous domestic animals. They have been recognized as a rare but significant cause of peritonitis in patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD). A consensus about management...

  9. Around cats

    | Contributor(s):: Goldstein, E. J. C., Greene, C. E., Schlossberg, D.

    This chapter focuses on diseases transmitted from cats to humans. The diseases transmitted by inhalation (bordetellosis, plague and Q fever), vectors (ehrlichiosis, anaplasmosis, cat scratch disease, bacillary angiomatosis, flea-borne spotted fever, murine typhus and leishmaniasis), faecal-oral...

  10. Less common house pets

    | Contributor(s):: Chomel, B. B., Schlossberg, D.

    This chapter focuses on the major health threats associated with exposure of humans to less common house pets. The viral, bacterial, parasitic and mycotic zoonoses transmitted by pet rabbits, rodents, reptiles, amphibians, ornamental aquarium fish, ferrets, bats and nonhuman primates are...

  11. With man's best friend

    | Contributor(s):: Collins, J. M., Lorber, B., Schlossberg, D.

    This chapter focuses on human diseases associated with exposure to dogs. The epidemiology of local infections following dog bites, as well as the initial bite management, antibiotic prophylaxis, antibiotic treatment of infection, and prevention of dog bites are discussed. The life-threatening...

  12. Prevalence and antimicrogram of Staphylococcus intermedius group isolates from veterinary staff, companion animals, and the environment in veterinary hospitals in Korea

    | Contributor(s):: Youn, JungHo, Yoon, JangWon, Koo, HyeCheong, Lim, SukKyung, Park, YongHo

  13. Contamination of pet therapy dogs with MRSA and Clostridium difficile

    | Contributor(s):: Lefebvre, S. L., Weese, J. S.

  14. Infectious diseases associated with relation between humans and wildlife - consideration on wild bird mortality and bird-feeding

    | Contributor(s):: Fukui, D.

  15. Living with cat and dog increases vaginal colonization with E. coli in pregnant women

    | Contributor(s):: Stokholm, J., Schjorring, S., Pedersen, L., Bischoff, A. L., Folsgaard, N., Carson, C. G., Chawes, B., Bonnelykke, K., Molgaard, A., Krogfelt, K. A., Bisgaard, H.

  16. The human-animal interface of domestic livestock management and production and its relationship to brucellosis in the country of Georgia 2010: a rapid assessment analysis

    | Contributor(s):: Havas, K. A., Ramishvili, M., Navdarashvili, A., Imnadze, P., Salman, M.

  17. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in resident animals of a long-term care facility

    | Contributor(s):: Coughlan, K., Olsen, K. E., Boxrud, D., Bender, J. B.

    Animals provide benefits to elderly and chronically ill people by decreasing loneliness, increasing social interactions, and improving mental health. As a result, many hospitals and long-term care facilities allow family pets to visit ill or convalescing patients or support animal-assisted...

  18. Heterogeneity and phylogenetic relationships of community-associated methicillin-sensitive/resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolates in healthy dogs, cats and their owners

    | Contributor(s):: Wan, M. T., Fu, S. Y., Lo, Y. P., Huang, T. M., Cheng, M. M., Chou, C. C.

    Aims: To investigate the distribution of staphylococcal enterotoxin genes (se) and the molecular features of community-associated methicillin-sensitive/resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MSSA/MRSA) isolates in the nostrils of healthy pets and their owners. Methods and Results: A total of 114...

  19. All creatures great and minute: a public policy primer for companion animal zoonoses

    | Contributor(s):: Reaser, J. K., Clark, E. E., Jr., Meyers, N. M.

    Approximately 63% of US households have at least one pet, a large percentage of which are considered family members. Pet owners can derive substantial physical and psychological benefits from interaction with companion animals. However, pet ownership is not without risks; zoonotic diseases are...

  20. Livestock-associated MRSA: epidemiology in animal production chains, transmission to humans and charateristics of the clone

    | Contributor(s):: Wagenaar, J. A., Giessen, A. van de

    MRSA infections in people working with pigs was confirmed in 2005. Dutch data from 9 abattoirs showed that 39% of pigs and 81% of slaughter batches was contaminated with MRSA. All strains belonged to the sequence type ST398. This clone is now known as livestock-associated MRSA (LA-MRSA). A...