Small animal zoonoses on the rise or under the radar
Contributor(s):: Wright, I.
Health comparison between guinea pigs raised in uncontrolled and controlled environments
Contributor(s):: Laksmindra, Fitria, Nastiti, Wijayanti, Tuty, Arisuryanti, Salasia, S. I. O.
Toxoplasma gondii in domiciled dogs and cats in urban areas of Brazil: risk factors and spatial distribution
| Contributor(s):: Arruda, I. F., Millar, P. R., Barbosa, A. da S., Abboud, L. C. de S., Reis, I. C. dos, Moreira, A. S. da C., Guimaraes, M. P. de P., Amendoeira, M. R. R.
Gastrointestinal Parasites in Shelter Dogs: Occurrence, Pathology, Treatment and Risk to Shelter Workers
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| Contributor(s):: Ali Raza, Jacquie Rand, Abdul Ghaffar Qamar, Abdul Jabbar, Steven Kopp
Despite evidence of a minor role of gastrointestinal parasites in causing disease in owned pet populations prophylactically treated with anthelmintics, gastrointestinal parasitism remains an important consideration in the care of animals in shelters, and in owned pet populations in developing...
Identification of hemoparasites and ticks of dogs from the Zoonoses Control Center of Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil
| Contributor(s):: Fabiana Pessoa Salgado
The aim of this study was to identify hemoparasites and ticks of dogs treated at the Zoonoses Control Center in Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil. Blood and venous blood smears were obtained from 167 dogs from various regions of the city. From the total of animals examined, 62.28%...
Sero-epidemiological and haematological studies on toxoplasmosis in cats,dogs and their owners in Lahore, Pakistan
| Contributor(s):: Azeem Shahzad, Muhammad Sarwar Khan, Kamran Ashraf, Muhammad Avais, Khalid Pervez, Jawaria Ali Khan
The current study was conducted to find out the epidemiological status of toxoplasmosis in cats, dogs and human population in Lahore city of Pakistan and to determine the possibility of transmission of toxoplasmosis from cats and dogs to their owners. Overall 56% cats were seropositive for...
Animal-assisted therapy: New disinfectant list of DVG for "Established veterinary practice and animal shelters "Tiergestutzte Therapien: Neue Desinfektionsmittelliste der DVG fur die Bereiche "Niedergelassene Veterinarpraxis und Tierheime"
| Contributor(s):: Rheinbaben, F. von, Werner, S.
This article presents a list of some of the veterinary disinfectants/drugs recommended by the German Veterinary Society for private animal hospitals and animal shelters highlighting the indications, efficacy, metabolism, dosage effects, and pharmokinetics of each product.
Emerging and re-emerging zoonoses of dogs and cats
| Contributor(s):: Chomel, B. B.
Since the middle of the 20th century, pets are more frequently considered as "family members" within households. However, cats and dogs still can be a source of human infection by various zoonotic pathogens. Among emerging or re-emerging zoonoses, viral diseases, such as rabies (mainly...
A review of cat behavior in relation to disease risk and management options
| Contributor(s):: Lepczyk, C. A., Lohr, C. A., Duffy, D. C.
Domestic cats ( Felis catus) are a common household pet and also a notorious invasive species around the world. Because cat numbers have been increasing in many locations it is critical to work on management solutions that help to reduce threats posed by cats. With regard to cat behavior, one of...
Best practices for planning events encouraging human-animal interactions
| Contributor(s):: Erdozain, G., Kukanich, K., Chapman, B., Powell, D.
Educational events encouraging human-animal interaction include the risk of zoonotic disease transmission. It is estimated that 14% of all disease in the USA caused by Campylobacter spp., Cryptosporidium spp., Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) O157, non-O157 STECs, Listeria...
Enteric pathogens of dogs and cats with public health implications
| Contributor(s):: Kantere, M., Athanasiou, L. V., Chatzopoulos, D. C., Spyrou, V., Valiakos, G., Kontos, V., Billinis, C.
Dogs and cats play an important role in modern society, enhancing the psychological and physiological well-being of many people. However, there are well-documented health risks associated with human animal interactions. More specifically, enteric pathogens of zoonotic risk which are transmitted...
Gut microbiota of humans, dogs and cats: current knowledge and future opportunities and challenges
| Contributor(s):: Deng, P., Swanson, K. S.
High-throughput DNA sequencing techniques allow for the identification and characterisation of microbes and their genes (microbiome). Using these new techniques, microbial populations in several niches of the human body, including the oral and nasal cavities, skin, urogenital tract and...
| Contributor(s):: Goldstein, E. J. C., Greene, C. E., Schlossberg, D.
This chapter focuses on diseases transmitted from cats to humans. The diseases transmitted by inhalation (bordetellosis, plague and Q fever), vectors (ehrlichiosis, anaplasmosis, cat scratch disease, bacillary angiomatosis, flea-borne spotted fever, murine typhus and leishmaniasis), faecal-oral...
With man's best friend
| Contributor(s):: Collins, J. M., Lorber, B., Schlossberg, D.
This chapter focuses on human diseases associated with exposure to dogs. The epidemiology of local infections following dog bites, as well as the initial bite management, antibiotic prophylaxis, antibiotic treatment of infection, and prevention of dog bites are discussed. The life-threatening...
Spatial analysis of Leishmania donovani exposure in humans and domestic animals in a recent kala azar focus in Nepal
| Contributor(s):: Basudha Khanal, Albert Picado, Narayan Raj Bhattarai, Murari Lal Das, Bart Ostyn, Gert Van Der Auwera, Clive Richard Davies, Marleen Boelaert, Jean-Claude Dujardin, Suman Rijal
Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is a major public health problem in the Indian subcontinent where the Leishmania donovani transmission cycle is described as anthroponotic. However, the role of animals (in particular domestic animals) in the persistence and expansion of VL is still a matter of debate....
A comparison of body size, coat condition and endoparasite diversity of wild Barbary macaques exposed to different levels of tourism
| Contributor(s):: Borg, C., Majolo, B., Qarro, M., Semple, S.
Primate tourism is a rapidly growing industry with the potential to provide considerable conservation benefits. However, assessing the impact of tourists on the animals involved is vital to ensure that the conservation value of primate tourism is maximized. In this study, we compared body size,...
Investigations on genetic disease resistance in swine - a contribution to the reduction of pain, suffering and damage in farm animals.
| Contributor(s):: Reiner, G.
This review deals with genetic disease resistance in pigs as a prospective opportunity to reduce pain, suffering and damage in swine production. Even under favourable terms of housing and management, infectious diseases are wide-spread, and have to be ranked among the major sources for suffering...
Suffering in diseased pigs as expressed by behavioural, clinical and clinical-chemical traits, in a well defined parasite model
| Contributor(s):: Reiner, G., Hubner, K., Hepp, S.
In assessing the quality of life of farm animals, the absence of disease has been given highest priority. During the course of infection, sickness and suffering refer to a coordinated set of behavioural and physiological changes. For a better understanding and assessment of animal suffering due...
Compendium of measures to prevent disease associated with animals in public settings, 2007: National Association of State Public Health Veterinarians, Inc. (NASPHV)
Certain venues encourage or permit the public to contact animals, resulting in millions of human-animal interactions each year. These settings include county or state fairs, petting zoos, animal swap meets, pet stores, zoologic institutions, circuses, carnivals, farm tours, livestock-birthing...
Compendium of measures to prevent disease associated with animals in public settings, 2009 National Association of State Public Health Veterinarians, Inc. (NASPHV)
Certain venues encourage or permit the public to be in contact with animals, resulting in millions of human-animal interactions each year. These settings include county or state fairs, petting zoos, animal swap meets, pet stores, zoologic institutions, circuses, carnivals, educational farms,...