Influence of companion animals on the physical and psychological health of older people: an analysis of a one-year longitudinal study
Contributor(s):: Raina, Parminder, Waltner-Toews, David, Bonnett, Brenda, Woodward, Christel, Abernathy, Tom
Fostering adherence to horse behavior counseling
Contributor(s):: Jobling, R., Creighton, E.
Counseling services that aim to improve understanding of horse-human interactions are on the frontline of the horse welfare agenda. The aim of this research was to determine characteristics of horse owners seeking advice about their horse's behavior that predicted their adherence to that advice....
Do regulators of animal welfare need to develop a theory of psychological well-being? (Special Issue: Two systems - one world.)
Contributor(s):: Haynes, R. P.
Intrinsic value and direct duties: from animal ethics towards environmental ethics? (Special Issue: Two systems - one world.)
Contributor(s):: Heeger, R., Brom, F. W. A.
Vegetarianism, sentimental or ethical?
Contributor(s):: Deckers, J.
In this paper, I provide some evidence for the view that a common charge against those who adopt vegetarianism is that they would be sentimental. I argue that this charge is pressed frequently by those who adopt moral absolutism, a position that I reject, before exploring the question if...
Gender differences in owners interacting with pet dogs: an observational study
Contributor(s):: Prato-Previde, E., Fallani, G., Valsecchi, P.
Many studies show that people form strong affectional bonds with their dogs, treating them like family members or children. The present study investigates differences between women and men owners during interactions with their dogs, in a situation designed to investigate attachment and, thus, to...
Animal welfare science - working at the interface between the natural and social sciences
Contributor(s):: Lund, V., Coleman, G., Gunnarsson, S., Appleby, M. C., Karkinen, K.
Animal welfare science has pioneered in interdisciplinary work in many ways. However, this work has mainly taken place among researchers from the natural sciences. This paper discusses the advantages and disadvantages of using broad interdisciplinary approaches to scientific animal welfare...
Cognitive bias as an indicator of animal emotion and welfare: emerging evidence and underlying mechanisms. (Special Issue: Animal suffering and welfare.)
Contributor(s):: Mendl, M., Burman, O. H. P., Parker, R. M. A., Paul, E. S.
Accurate assessment of animal emotion (affect) is an important goal in animal welfare science, and in areas such as neuroscience and psychopharmacology. Direct measures of conscious emotion are not available, so assessment of animal affect has relied on measures of the behavioural and...
Eye white may indicate emotional state on a frustration-contentedness axis in dairy cows
Contributor(s):: Sandem, A. I., Braastad, B. O., Boe, K. E.
Research on welfare indicators has focused primarily on indicators of poor welfare, but there is also a need for indicators that can cover the range from good to poor welfare. The aim of this experiment was to compare behaviour elements in dairy cows shown in response to a frustrative situation...
How animal psychology contributes to animal welfare
Contributor(s):: Watanabe, S.
This article explores the contribution of animal psychology to animal welfare. Since animal welfare includes subjective welfare, it is crucial to know the subjective world of animals. Analysis of the concept of anthropomorphism is particularly important because it is a basic idea of animal...
Owner attitudes and dog behaviour problems
Contributor(s):: O'Farrell, V.
In the treatment of dog behaviour problems, assessment of the owner's attitude is usually an essential part of the diagnostic process. Questionnaire studies of groups of owners reveal wide variation in both degree and kind of owner attachment. Individual-centred methods such as the Kelly...
Papers from the 39th International Congress of the International Society for Applied Ethology (ISAE), Tokyo, Japan, August 2005
Contributor(s):: Sandilands, V., Petherick, C.
This special issue contains conference proceedings on the behaviour and welfare of domestic and zoo animals, Topics include the contribution of animal psychology to welfare; assessment of animal welfare in a veterinary context; identification of dog welfare issues in the USA, Japan, Czech...
The treatment of phobias in the dog
Contributor(s):: Walker, R., Fisher, J., Neville, P.
Since 1992 the authors have been compiling a casebook of detailed histories of canine phobia. As the work progressed modifications were made to the diagnostic criteria of anxiety in the dog. A combination of phenobarbitone with propranolol was used with perceived success supported by anecdotal...
Behavioural testing in dogs: a review of methodology in search for standardisation
Contributor(s):: Diederich, C., Giffroy, J. M.
As a consequence of their living close to humans as pets, for working purposes or as laboratory animals, dogs give evidence of behavioural variability, stemming from their innate capacities as well as from environmental influences. This paper reviews the behavioural tests used for dogs - tests...
The presence of mind: on reunifying the animal mind and body
Contributor(s):: McMillan, F. D., Rollin, B. E.
Are women's dogs less stressed and healthier than men's dogs? An investigation in the waiting room of a veterinary hospital
Contributor(s):: Boere, V., Scalon, M. C., Wiedemann, G. G. S.
Dogs are able of discriminate several human behaviors, behaving of corresponding way. Some studies showed that the dogs possess propensities to be more sociable and less stressed when manipulated by women regarding the dogs manipulated by men. We investigated in this study if the dogs accompanied...
Mental health and therapy mediated by animals: a programme at the Porto Alegre's Center for Psychosocial Care for Children and Adolescents - TAA Part III
Contributor(s):: Faraco, C. B., Pizzinato, A., Csordas, M. C., Moreira, M. C., Zavaschi, M. L. S., Santos, T., Oliveira, V. L. S. de, Boschetti, F. L., Menti, L. de M.
The aim of this study was to examine the repercussions of an Animal Assisted Therapy programme among a group of patients at the Center for Psychosocial Care for Childhood and Adolescence at the Hospital de Clinicas of Porto Alegre in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. The study focused on the...
The benefits of the Assisted Animal Therapy: a bibliographic review
Contributor(s):: Pereira, M. J. F., Pereira, L., Ferreira, M. L.
Animal Assisted Therapy (AAT) has been used as one more instrument in the promotion of health and treatment of some diseases. This bibliographic review highlights the benefits derived from AAT. Although the use of animals in therapy has been mentioned since the 19th century, only in 1962 was a...
Therapeutic applications of the human-companion animal bond
Contributor(s):: Ormerod, E. J., Edney, A. T. B., Foster, S. J., Whyham, M. C.
Better understanding of the human-companion animal bond (HCAB) has resulted in a number of initiatives to help people with diverse health and social needs. The authors of this article trace the history of the HCAB, and discuss current programmes and key requirements for their success.
Animal-Assisted Therapy (AAT) as a therapeutic resource
Contributor(s):: Dornelas, K. C. A., Dornelas, O. A. A., Vieira, F. de T.
The interaction between humans and animals is being examined by the scientific community because the evidence of improved quality of life, especially in cases of therapeutic asylum or sick people. The colleges are the privileged space for the AAT as a therapeutic resource to be analyzed. To learn...