Evaluation of the fitbark activity monitor for measuring physical activity in dogs
| Contributor(s):: Colpoys, J., Decock, D.
Accelerometers track changes in physical activity which can indicate health and welfare concerns in dogs. The FitBark 2 (FitBark) is an accelerometer for use with dogs; however, no studies have externally validated this tool. The objective of this study was to evaluate FitBark criterion...
Evaluation of the tri-axial accelerometer to identify and predict parturition-related activities of Debouillet ewes in an intensive setting
| Contributor(s):: Gurule, Sara C., Tobin, Colin T., Bailey, Derek W., Hernandez Gifford, Jennifer A.
Investigating the Impact of Brief Outings on the Welfare of Dogs Living in US Shelters
| Contributor(s):: Gunter, L. M., Gilchrist, R. J., Blade, E. M., Barber, R. T., Feuerbacher, E. N., Platzer, J. M., Wynne, C. D. L.
Effects of Simulated Horseback Riding on Balance, Postural Sway, and Quality of Life in Older Adults With Parkinson's Disease
| Contributor(s):: Goudy, L. S., Rigby, B. R., Silliman-French, L., Becker, K. A.
Effects of horn status on behaviour in fattening cattle in the field and during reactivity tests
| Contributor(s):: Reiche, Anna-Maria, Dohme-Meier, Frigga, Claudia Terlouw, E. M.
Disbudding is in the short-term invasive and needs pharmacological pain treatment but it facilitates animal management. The present study investigates the longer-term consequences on behaviour to evaluate possible effects on animal welfare. Experiment 1 (E1) used 81 bulls up to the age of 12 and...
Provisioning of live black soldier fly larvae (Hermetia illucens) benefits broiler activity and leg health in a frequency- and dose-dependent manner
| Contributor(s):: Ipema, Allyson F., Gerrits, Walter J. J., Bokkers, Eddie A. M., Kemp, Bas, Bolhuis, J. Elizabeth
Fast-growing broilers spend most their time inactive and are therefore prone to experience leg problems. Environmental enrichment that facilitates intrinsically motivated behaviours can potentially promote activity and reduce leg problems, thereby improving broiler welfare. A promising...
The effect of castration on home range size and activity patterns of domestic cats living in a natural area in a protected area on a Brazilian island
| Contributor(s):: Ferreira, Giovanne Ambrosio, Machado, Juliana Clemente, Nakano-Oliveira, Eduardo, Andriolo, Artur, Genaro, Gelson
The presence of domestic cats (Felis silvestris catus) in natural areas can generate several environmental problems, such as competition with other species, disease transmission, and predation. Male cats generally tend to be more territorial than female cats. Male cats also tend to have larger...
Validation of accelerometers to automatically record postures and number of steps in growing lambs
| Contributor(s):: Högberg, Niclas, Höglund, Johan, Carlsson, Annelie, Saint-Jeveint, Marie, Lidfors, Lena
We validated the accuracy of two commercially available activity loggers for cattle in determining lying and standing durations, number of lying bouts and number of steps in growing lambs. Ten growing lambs divided into two weight classes were fitted with an IceTag on the right hind leg and an...
Shedding light into the dark: Age and light shape nocturnal activity and sleep behaviour of giraffe
| Contributor(s):: Burger, Anna Lena, Hartig, Johannes, Dierkes, Paul W.
The interaction of internal clocks and environmental conditions determines the daily behavioural rhythm of an animal. Due to the strong influence of light, these circadian rhythms oscillate in mammals over a cycle length of about 24 h, equivalent to the daily light-dark cycle. The relation...
Improving the Welfare of a Zoo-Housed Male Drill (Mandrillus leucophaeus poensis) Aggressive Toward Visitors
| Contributor(s):: Martín, Olga, Vinyoles, Dolors, García-Galea, Eduardo, Maté, Carmen
Improving the welfare of nonhuman animals in captivity and maintaining behavioral competence for future conservation purposes is of the highest priority for zoos. The behavior of an aggressive male drill (Mandrillus leucophaeus poensis) was assessed in Barcelona Zoo. The 2-year study presented in...
Relationship of Behavioral Interactions during an Animal-assisted Intervention in Assisted Living to Health-related Outcomes
| Contributor(s):: Friedmann, Erika, Galik, Elizabeth, Thomas, Sue A., Hall, Sue, Cheon, Jooyoung, Han, Narae, Kim, Hee Jun, McAtee, Sherry, Gee, Nancy R.
In recent research involving assisted-living residents with mild to moderate cognitive impairment, a structured 12-week Pet Assisted Living (PAL) intervention led to improved physical activity (PA) and mood. Receipt of intervention is important to the efficacy of behavioral interventions. We...
What is the relationship between level of infection and ‘sickness behaviour’ in cattle?
| Contributor(s):: Szyszka, Ollie, Kyriazakis, Ilias
We hypothesised that a range of parasite doses that cause subclinical disease would lead to similar behavioural changes in cattle. This was tested by infecting bull calves with one of four different doses of the gastrointestinal parasite Ostertagia ostertagi: 0 (control), 75,000 (L), 150,000 (M)...
Refuge use affects daily activity patterns in female Xenopus laevis
| Contributor(s):: Archard, Gabrielle A.
The African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis) is widely used for scientific research, but its ecology and behavior are poorly understood. In two experiments, the 24h activity patterns of female X. laevis were monitored. In the first, activity was determined both in the presence and absence of a...
Locomotor activity of dairy cows in relation to season and lactation
| Contributor(s):: Brzozowska, Anna, Łukaszewicz, Marek, Sender, Grażyna, Kolasińska, Dorota, Oprządek, Jolanta
All systems recording activity of cattle measure it independently of environmental and animal factors. Such recordings may hide differences in activity caused by extraneous interferences or may be inaccurately interpreted. The information produced by sensors could be more accurate, if behaviour...
Individual distance during resting and feeding in age homogeneous vs. age heterogeneous groups of goats
| Contributor(s):: Bøe, Knut Egil, Ehrlenbruch, Rebecca, Jørgensen, Grete Helen Meisfjord, Andersen, Inger Lise
The aim of this experiment was to investigate the individual distance during resting and feeding in homogenous and heterogeneous age groups of young and adult goats. Thirty-six young (3 years) were allotted into 6 groups of young goats (YOUNG), 6 groups of adult goats (ADULT) and 6 heterogeneous...
How much is enough? The amount of straw necessary to satisfy pigs’ need to perform exploratory behaviour
| Contributor(s):: Pedersen, Lene J., Herskin, Mette S., Forkman, Björn, Halekoh, Ulrich, Kristensen, Kristian M., Jensen, Margit B.
Since 10 years, EU-legislation states that ‘pigs must have permanent access to sufficient quantity of material to enable proper investigation and manipulation activities’. While much research has focused on which materials ‘enable proper investigation and manipulation activities’, little has been...
Fear responses to novelty in testing environments are related to day-to-day activity in the home environment in dairy cattle
| Contributor(s):: MacKay, Jill R. D., Haskell, Marie J., Deag, John M., van Reenen, Kees
Behavioural tests for cattle take time to perform and can be stressful for the animals but are currently the only way of assessing behavioural reactions to fear-causing stimuli in a standardised manner. It may be possible to use behavioural data collected remotely in the home pen environment...
Automatic registration of grazing behaviour in dairy cows using 3D activity loggers
| Contributor(s):: Nielsen, Per Peetz
Automated systems for monitoring behaviour of cows within dairy production are increasing and developments in technology provide new opportunities in this area. This study aimed to validate the use of a 3D activity logger (HOBO® Pendant G Data Logger), that registers the cow's head positions...
Water-site selection and behaviour of red-legged partridge Alectoris rufa evaluated using camera trapping
| Contributor(s):: Sánchez-García, Carlos, Armenteros, José A., Alonso, Marta E., Larsen, Randy T., Lomillos, Juan M., Gaudioso, Vicente R.
This paper explores watering patterns of wild red-legged partridges at water troughs (WT) during three consecutive summers on a farm-land area of Spain where drought periods are frequent. Camera trapping was used in order to assess climatic effects on weekly and daily watering patterns,...
Validation of an algorithm for real-time measurement of sheep activity in confinement by recording movement within a commercial weighing crate
| Contributor(s):: Horton, Brian J., Miller, Dale R.
This study reports a method of measuring sheep activity in confinement based on recording movement of sheep during weighing. The aim was to show that an algorithm to analyse continuous weight records could be used to measure activity quickly and efficiently using commercial weighing equipment and...